Members

Here you can find a list of all ARCTOS members and PhD students. In the drop-down menu you can either select the member status or the institution the member belongs to.

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Lionel Camus

Senior Scientist

Akvaplan-nivaArctic R&D Work address Akvaplan-niva AS Fram Centre Tromsø 9296 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 75 03 13
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Pernilla Carlsson

Scientist

Research interests: I am an environmental/analytical chemist with a background in marine chemistry as well.…Read More
Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA)Section for contaminants in aquatic environments Work address Norwegian Institute for Water Research Framcenter Hjalmar Johansens gate 14 Tromsø 9007 Norway

Research interests:

I am an environmental/analytical chemist with a background in marine chemistry as well. My main areas of research interest are bioaccumulation of environmental pollutants in Arctic marine and limnic food webs. Another area of interest is how climate change affects environmental processes that are important for understanding the fate and occurrence of contaminants in the Arctic. I have used enantiomer selective analyses to understand more about transfer and fate of pesticides in Arctic waters.

I am involved in assessments and reports for Arctic Monitoring Assessment Programme (AMAP) as well, focusing on emerging contaminants and combined effects of climate change and persistent organic pollutants (POPs).

Scientific diving is a tool I use as much as possible in my research. Certain experiments and sampling cannot be achieved without diving. Other techniques for sampling organic pollutants are passive sampling (water) that is a very useful way of taking samples in the Arctic.

Running projects:

FlammePlank, Svalbard environmental fund project on occurrence of new flame retardants in Svalbard.

Scientific publications:

  1. Carlsson, P., Pawlak, J., Wilson, S., Christensen, J.H., Borgå, K., Aspmo Pfaffhuber, K., Odland, J.Ø., Kallenborn, R., Reiersen, L-O. Influence of Climate Change on Transport, Levels, and Effects of Contaminants in Northern Areas. Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM) and AMAP. –planned 2016
  2. Carlsson, P., Crosse, J.D., Halsall, C., Evenset, A., Heimstad, E.S., Harju, M., 2016a. Perfluoroalkylated substances (PFASs) and legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in halibut and shrimp from coastal areas in the far north of Norway: Small survey of important dietary foodstuffs for coastal communities. Marine Pollution Bulletin.
  3. Carlsson, P., Literák, J., Dušek, L., Hofman, J., Bucheli, T.D., Klánová, J., 2016b. Temporal and spatial variability of enantiomeric fractions (EFs) of chiral organochlorines in relation to soil properties. J. Soils Sediments, 1-9.
  4. Carlsson, P., Warner, N.A., Hallanger, I.G., Herzke, D., Kallenborn, R., 2014. Spatial and temporal distribution of chiral pesticides in Calanus spp. from three Arctic fjords. Environ Pollut 192, 154-161.
  5. Carlsson, P., Herzke, D., Kallenborn, R., 2014. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFASs) in traditional sea-food items from western Greenland. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 21, 4741-4750.
  6. Carlsson, P., Herzke, D., Kallenborn, R., 2014. Enantiomer-Selective and Quantitative Trace Analysis of Selected Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP) in Traditional Food from Western Greenland. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A 77, 616-627.
  7. Kallenborn, K., Halsall, C., Dellong, M., Carlsson, P. 2012. The influence of climate change on the global distribution and fate processes of anthropogenic persistent organic pollutants. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 14, 2854-2869.
  8. Carlsson, P., Cornelissen, G., Bøghild, C.E., Rysgaard, S., Mortensen, J. Kallenborn, R. 2012. Hydrology-linked spatial distribution of pesticides in a fjordsystem in Greenland. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 14 (5), 1437-1443.

Popular science and outreach:

  • Fram-dagen Nov 2015; dykking for vitenskap
  • Invited key note speaker at Arctic Frontiers, Tromsø, Norway 2014
  • Invited for presentation at “Svalbardseminarene”, Longyearbyen, Svalbard, February 2014
  • Qualification in local final of “Forsker Grand Prix”, Tromsø to participation in the nationalfinal in Oslo, September 2013
  • Project leader for the Svalbard environmental fund project “POPjakt i skolen”, 2010-2012. An outreach project together with the school in Longyearbyen.
Photo of JoLynn Carroll

JoLynn Carroll

Assistant Director (Akvaplan-niva), Professor II (UiT)

Research interests:
  • Detection of ecosystem responses to anthropogenic impact factors-ecosystem-based modeling for scenario assessments
  • Arctic environment and climate change
  • Sediment biogeochemistry
  • Methane hydrate ecosystems in a changing Arctic
  • Modern sedimentation and geochronology
  • Arctic contaminant transport and cycling.
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Akvaplan-nivaManagement and Administration Work address Akvaplan-niva AS Fram Centre Tromsø 9296 Norway Cell Phone: +47 47 04 38 44

Research interests:

  • Detection of ecosystem responses to anthropogenic impact factors-ecosystem-based modeling for scenario assessments
  • Arctic environment and climate change
  • Sediment biogeochemistry
  • Methane hydrate ecosystems in a changing Arctic
  • Modern sedimentation and geochronology
  • Arctic contaminant transport and cycling.

Running national and international projects:

  • Principal Investigator: An advanced software tool for holistic environmental impact assessment that fulfills the needs of integrated management – Norwegian Research Council DEMO 2000 program (2014-2016).
  • Principal Investigator (Workpackage Leader): ARCEx – Research Centre for Arctic Petroleum Exploration – Norwegian Research Council PETROMAKS program (2013-2021).
  • Principal Investigator (Workpackage Leader): CAGE – Centre for Arctic gas hydrate energy and environmental technology. NFR Centre of Excellence located at the University of Tromsø (2013-2021).

Completed national and international projects (2010 to present):

  • Knowledge assessment of data and models for Arctic Ice Covered Waters. Statoil (2013-2014).
  • Partner: CAMARE- Accidental discharge project. ConocoPhillips (2012-2014).
  • Partner: Environmental impacts of Arctic oil spills and Arctic spill response technologies. Arctic oil spill response technology – Joint Industry Programme administered by: International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (2012).
  • Principal Investigator: SYMBIOSES-System for biology based assessments. NFR Oceans & Seas program (2011-2013).
  • Partner: CASE- The Changing Arctic and Sub-Arctic Environment: a research and training program on marine biotic indicators of recent climate changes in the high latitudes of the North Atlantic (2010-2014).  European Union Marie Curie Program.
  • Partner: MARES- Marine Ecosystem Health and Conservation (http://www.mares-eu.org). Project financed by: European Union.
  • Partner: ‘CETIA- coastal environment, technology and innovation in the Arctic (2011-2013). Project financed by: European Union.
  • Lead Investigator: Arctic Ocean Acidification. Project lead by Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program. Project financed by: Nordic Ministers of Research (2010-2012).
  • Principal Investigator: A natural oil spill containment system for deployment under Arctic coastal sea conditions. NFR PETROMAKS (Pre project 2010).
  • Partner: The Changing Arctic and Sub-Arctic environment. Initial Training Network. EU Marie Curie Program. http://caseitn.epoc.u-bordeaux1.fr/ (2010-2013).
  • Partner: Environmental Industrial Waste Management Center (EWMA). University of Tromsø. NFR and ENI Norge (2006-2015).
  • Partner: Arctic Tipping Points. EU 7th framework project on climate change impacts and thresholds on Arctic Ocean systems (2009-2012).

Relevant publications – Books, book chapters and guest editorials:

  1. Potts, T., Valcic, B. and Carroll, J.,Carroll, M. 2014. ‘The practicalities of ecosystem based management and climate change in the Barents Sea: the ECOBAR project.’ In: Kwon, M-S, Schofield, C.H. and Lee, S. (eds), The Limits of Maritime Jurisdiction, (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, Law of the Sea Institute, 2014).
  2. Olsen, G.H., Carroll, J., Dahle, S., Larsen, L.H., Camus, L. (2013). Challenges performing risk assessment in the Arctic. In: Lee K, Neff J (eds) Produced water: environmental risks and advances in mitigation technologies. Springer, New York, pp.  521-536.
  3. Carroll, J. and Zaborska, A. 2010. Radioactivity in the Arctic Ocean and Arctic Shelf Seas. In: Radionuclides in the Environment. (Ed. D. Atwood.) Wiley. 560 pages. ISBN: 978-0-470-71434-8
  4. Wassmann, P., Carroll, J., Bellerby, R., 2008. Carbon flux and ecosystem feedback in the northern Barents Sea in an era of climate change: an introduction. Deep-Sea Research, 55:2143-2153.
  5. Carroll, J. & I. Lerche. (2003). Sedimentary Processes: Quantification using Radionuclides. Elsevier. 272 pp.
  6. Carroll, M.L. & J. Carroll. (2003). The Arctic Seas. In: Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems. (Ed. K.D. Black and G.B. Shimmield).  Blackwell Publishing. Pg. 127-156.
  7. Duursma, E.K., J. Carroll (1996).  Environmental compartments, equilibria and assessment of processes between air, water, sediments and biota.  Springer, Berlin, 277 pp.

Relevant publications – Research articles in peer-reviewed journals (from 2010-present):

  1. Lopez, J.L., Golemba, M., Hernández, E., Lozada, M., Dionisi, H., Jansson, J., Carroll, J., Lundgren, L., Sjöling, S., Mac Cormack, W.P. (2015) Microbial and viral-like rhodopsins in coastal marine sediments from four polar and subpolar regions: are rhodopsin segregated by geographic locations? Nature (submitted).
  2. Ambrose, W., Panieri, G., Carroll, M., Schneider, A., Plaza-Faverola, A., Carroll, M. L. Åström, E., Locke IV, W., Carroll, J. (2015) Bivalve shell horizons in seafloor pockmarks of the last glacial-interglacial transition suggest a thousand years of methane emissions in the Arctic Ocean, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (in review).
  3. Navarro, V.C., Jæger, I., Honkonen, J., Kukkonen, J., Camus, L., Carroll, J. (2015) Bioaccumulation, biotransformation and elimination of pyrene in the arctic crustacean Gammarus setosus (Amphipoda) at two temperatures Marine Environmental Research, (in press)
  4. Dijkstra, N., Junttila, J., Carroll, J., Husum, K., Hald, M. (2015) Natural variability of benthic foraminiferal assemblages and metal concentrations during the last 150 yrs in the Ingøydjupet trough, SW Barents Sea. Marine Micropaleontology (in press).
  5. Junttila, J., Carroll, J., Dijkstra, N. (2015) Variability of present and past PAH concentrations in sediments of the SW Barents Sea.  Norwegian Journal of Geology (in press).
  6. Junttila, J., Carroll, J., Husum, K., Dijkstra, N. (2014) Sediment transport and deposition in the Ingøydjupet trough, SW Barents Sea. Continental Shelf Research.76: 53-63.
  7. Dijkstra, N., Junttila, J., Carroll, J., Husum, K., Elvebakk, G., Godtliebsen, F. 2013. Baseline benthic foraminiferal assemblages and habitat conditions in a sub-Arctic region of increasing petroleum development. Marine Environmental Research 92:178-196.
  8. Olsen G.H., Klok C., Hendriks A.J., Geraudie P., De Hoop L., De Laender F., Farmen E., Grøsvik B.E., Hansen B.H., Hjorth M., Jansen C.R., Nordtug T., Ravagnan E., Viaene K., Carroll J. (2013). A synthesis of petroleum ecotoxicology data for selected cold-water species of fish and zooplankton. Journal of Environmental Research. 90: 9-17.
  9. Jensen, L.K., Jæger, I., Honkanen J., Carroll, JL (2012) Bioaccumulation of phenanthrene and benzo[a]pyrene in Calanus finmarchicus. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 78: 225-231.
  10. Carroll, J. and Smit, M. (2011) An integrated modeling framework for decision support in ecosystem-based management: case study Lofoten/Barents Sea. SPE International.
  11. Skarðhamar J, Reigstad M, Carroll J, Eiane K, Riser CW, Slagstad D. 2011. Effects of Mortality changes on biomass and production in Calanus spp. populations. Aquatic Biology. 12: 129-145.
  12. Reigstad M, Carroll J, Slagstad, D., Ellingsen, I., Wassman, P. 2011. Intra-regional comparison of productivity, carbon flux and ecosystem composition within the northern Barents Sea. Progress in Oceanography. 90:33-46.
  13. Olsen, G.H., Carroll, J., Dahle, S., Larsen, L.H., Camus, L. (2011). Challenges performing risk assessment in the Arctic. In: Lee K, Neff J (eds) Produced water: environmental risks and advances in mitigation technologies. Springer, New York, pp.  521-536.
  14. Olsen, G.H., Smit, M., Carroll, J., Jæger, I., Smith, T., Camus, L. 2011. Arctic versus temperate comparison of risk assessment metrics for 2-methyl-naphthalene. Marine Environmental Research. 72:179-187.
  15. Carroll, J. and Zaborska, A. 2010. Radioactivity in the Arctic Ocean and Arctic Shelf Seas. In: Radionuclides in the Environment. (Ed. D. Atwood.) Wiley. 560 pages. ISBN: 978-0-470-71434-8
  16. De Laender, F., Olsen, G.H., Grøsvik, B.E., Grung, M., Hansen, B.H., Hendriks, A.J., Janssen, C.R., Klok, C., Nortug, T., Smit, M., Carroll, J., Camus, L. 2011. Ecotoxicological mechanisms and models in an impact analysis tool for oil spills. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health.74:605-619.
  17. Carroll J, Lerche I. Sedimentary radioactive tracers and diffusive models. 2010. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. 101: 597-600.
  18. Hessen, D. O., Carroll, J., Kjeldstad, B., Korosov, A.A., Pettersson, L.H., Pozdnyakov, D., Sørensen, K. 2010. Input of organic carbon as determinant of nutrient fluxes, light, climate and productivity in the Ob and Yenisey estuaries. Est. & Cont. Shelf Science. 88:53-62.
  19. Maiti, K., Carroll, J., Benitz-Nelson, C. R., (2010).  Sedimentation and particle dynamics in the Barents Sea Marginal Ice Zone. Journal of Marine Systems. 79: 185-198.
  20. Jensen, L. K., Carroll, J. 2010. Experimental studies of reproduction and feeding for two Arctic dwelling Calanus species exposed to crude oil. Aquatic Biology. 10:261-271.
  21. Zaborska, A., Mietelski, J.W., Carroll, J., Papucci, C., Pempkowiak, J. 2010. Sources and distri-butions of 137Cs, 238Pu, and 239,240Pu in the northwestern Barents Sea. J. Environ Rad 101:323-331.

 

Photo of Michael Carroll

Michael Carroll

Senior researcher (Akvaplan-niva), Professor II (UiT)

Research interests: Arctic Benthic Biology and Ecology:
  • Benthic community structure and functioning
  • Climate variability and ecosystem forcing
  • Food web dynamics and trophic structure
  • Adaptations to environmental variability
  • Long-term community compositional changes in marine communities
  • Bivalve Sclerochronology.
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Akvaplan-nivaArctic R&D Work address Akvaplan-niva AS Fram Centre Tromsø 9296 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 75 03 18

Research interests:

Arctic Benthic Biology and Ecology:

  • Benthic community structure and functioning
  • Climate variability and ecosystem forcing
  • Food web dynamics and trophic structure
  • Adaptations to environmental variability
  • Long-term community compositional changes in marine communities
  • Bivalve Sclerochronology.

Running national and international projects:

  • “Exploring the role of oceanic and atmospheric forcing on Arctic marine climate from newly developed annual shell based records in coastal Norway”. U.S. National Science Foundation (International Partner)
  • “Reconstruction of Environmental Histories Using Long-Lived Bivalve Shells in the Norwegian Arctic (RELIC)”. Norwegian Research Council (Project Coordinator)
  • “Annually-resolved archives of marine climate change – development of molluscan sclerochronology for marine environmental monitoring and climatology (ARAMACC)”. EU 7th Framework, Marie Curie Initial Training Network (Associate Partner)
  • “Influence of pollution and climate variation in rivers and coastal waters indicated by freshwater and marine bivalves”. Fram Center Flagship Contaminants (Project Coordinator, Co-Principal Investigator)
  • “Effects of climate on cod life history and ecology along a temperate-arctic gradient (CODCHRON)”. Fram Center Flagship Fjord & Coast (Co-Principal Investigator)
  • “Life on the edge – Blue mussels on Svalbard” Fram Center Flagship Fjord & Coast (Collaborator)

Completed national and international projects:

  • “Ecosystem structure and use of marine resources from bivalve and fish bone proxies”. Fram Center Flagship Fjord & Coast (Project Coordinator, Co-Principal Investigator)
  • “Clams as climate and ecosystem recorders during the Holocene”. Fram Center Flagship Fjord & Coast (Project Coordinator)
  • “The Kongsfjord – HAUSGARTEN – transect case study:  Impact of climate change on Arctic marine community structures and food webs”. StatoilHydro (HERMES Program) (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Benthic Macrofauna: Environmental Variation Baselines and Effects of Stressors”. StatoilHydro (Project Coordinator, Principal Investigator).
  • “Historical Polar Front Transect”. StatoilHydro – ARCTOS Arctic Research Program. (Principal Investigator)
  • “Diet and Reproductive Output in Arctic Molluscs: the Importance of Ice Algae and Phytoplankton (DREAM)”. Norwegian Research Council, Norway-U.S. Bilateral Research Program for Polar Research (Project Coordinator, Principal Investigator).
  • “Norwegian Component of the Ecosystem Studies of Subarctic and Arctic Regions (NESSAR)”. Norwegian Research Council, International Polar Year Program (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Benthic community response to long term effects from exposure to offshore discharges”. Norwegian Research Council, PROOF Program (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Life at the edge:  Benthic communities at the Barents Sea ice edge in a changing climate (BASICC)”. Norwegian Research Council: East European Programme for Russia (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Carbon flux and ecosystem feed back in the northern Barents Sea in an era of climate change”. Norwegian Research Council: NORKLIMA Programme (20 million NOK, Awarded to Paul Wassmann, Norwegian College of Fisheries Sciences).  (Co-Principal Investigator; Scientific Steering Committee).
  • “Digestibility of ice algae and phytoplankton: The potential impacts of changing food supply to the arctic benthos”. Norwegian Research Council/National Science Foundation Joint U.S.-Norway Research
  • “On Thin Ice?  Climatic Influence on Energy Flow and Trophic Structure in Arctic Marine Ecosystems”. Norwegian Research Council: ARKTØK Programme. (Coordinator).
  • “Development of monitoring guidelines and modeling tools for environmental effects from Mediterranean aquaculture (MERAMED)”. EU 5th Framework: Quality of Life; Management of Living Resources (Co-Principal Investigator; Scientific Steering Committee).
  • “Trajectories of Marine Ecosystem Response to Arctic Climate Change:  A Barents-Bering Sea Comparison”.  International Arctic Research Center  (Fairbanks, Alaska USA) (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Environmental Status of the North Sea”. Norwegian Oil Industry Consortium (OLF). (Coordinator)
  • “Circumpolar Atlas of Resources at Risk From Oil Spills in the Arctic”.  EPPR working group of the Arctic Council. (Project Leader).

Relevant scientific publications:

  1. Vihtakari, M, P.E. Renaud, L.J. Clarke, M.J. Whitehouse, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose Jr. 2015. Decoding the Oxygen Isotope Signal for Seasonal Growth Patterns in Arctic Bivalves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (submitted July 2015).
  2. Ambrose Jr. W.G., G. Panieri, A. Schneider, A. Plaza-Faverola, M.L. Carroll, E. Åström, W.L. Locke IV, J. Carroll. 2015. Bivalve Shell Horizons in Seafloor Pockmarks of the Last Glacial-interglacial Transition Suggest a Thousand Years of Methane Emissions in the Arctic Ocean. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (revised October 2015)
  3. Mette, M.J., A.D. Wanamaker Jr., M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose Jr., M.J. Retelle. 2015. Linking large-scale climate variability with Arctica islandica shell growth and geochemistry in northern Norway. Limnology and Oceanography (accepted, October 2015)
  4. Ambrose, W.G., L. Clough, J. Johnson, M. Greenacre, D. Griffith, M. Carroll, A. Whiting 2014. Interpreting environmental change in coastal Alaska using traditional and scientific ecological knowledge. Front. Mar. Sci. 1:40. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2014.00040
  5. Potts, T., B. Valcic, J. Carroll, M.L. Carroll. 2014. The Practicalities of the Ecosystem Approach in the Barents Sea: The ECOBAR project. Chapter 26 In: The Limits of Marine Jurisdiction.  C. Schofield, S. Lee and M.-S. Kwan (eds). Brill Academic Publishing, Leiden. ISBN: 9789004262584
  6. Carroll, M.L., W.G. Ambrose, W.L. Locke, S.K. Ryan, B.J. Johnson. 2014. Bivalve growth rate and isotopic variability across the Barents Sea Polar Front. Journal of Marine Systems 130:167-180.
  7. Søreide, J.E., M.L. Carroll, H. Hop, W.G. Ambrose, E.N. Hegseth, S. Falk-Petersen. 2013. Trophic structures and carbon flows in Arctic and Atlantic waters around Svalbard revealed by stable isotopic and fatty acid tracers.  Marine Biology Research 9:831-850.
  8. Henkes, G.A. B.H. Passey, A.D. Wanamaker Jr., E.L. Grossman, W.G. Ambrose Jr., M.L. Carroll 2013. Carbonate clumped isotope compositions of modern marine mollusk and brachiopod shells. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 106:307-325.
  9. Carroll, M.L., W.G. Ambrose 2012. Benthic Infaunal Community Variability on the Northern Svalbard Shelf. Polar Biology 35:1259-1272. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-012-1171
  10. Ambrose, W.G., P.E. Renaud, W.E. Locke, F. Cottier, J. Berge, M.L. Carroll, B.S. Levin, S. Ryan, 2012. Growth line deposition and variability in growth of two circumpolar bivalves (Serripes groenlandicus and Clinocardium ciliatum). Polar Biology 35:345-354. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-011-1080-4
  11. Carroll, M.L., W.G. Ambrose, B.S. Levin, W.E. Locke, G.A. Henkes, H. Hop, P.E. Renaud. 2011. Pan-Svalbard growth rate variability and environmental regulation in the Arctic bivalve Serripes groenlandicus. Journal of Marine Systems 88: 239-251. doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2011.04.010
  12. Piepenburg, D., Archambault, P., Ambrose, W.G., Blanchard, A., Bluhm, B., Carroll, M.L., Conlan, K., Cusson, M., Feder, H., Grebmeier, J.M., Jewett, S., Lévesque, M., Petryashev, V.V., Sejr, M.K., Sirenko, B.I., Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, M. 2011. The biodiversity of the benthic macro- and megafauna of Arctic shelf seas – a pan-Arctic synopsis of magnitude and patterns. Marine Biodiversity 41:51-70. doi: 10.1007/s12526-010-0059-7
  13. Carroll, M.L., W.G. Ambrose Jr., B.S. Levin, A.R. Ratner, S.K. Ryan, G.A. Henkes. 2011. Climatic Regulation of Clinocardium ciliatum (bivalvia) growth in the northwestern Barents Sea. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 302:10-20. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.06.001
  14. Sun, M.-Y., L.M. Clough, M.L. Carroll, J. Dai, W.G. Ambrose, G.R. Lopez. 2009. Different responses of two common Arctic macrobenthic species (Macoma balthica and Monoporeia affinis) to phytoplankton and ice algae: Will climate change impacts be species specific? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 376:110-121. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2009.06.018
  15. Carroll, M.L., B. Johnson, G.A. Henkes, K.W. McMahon, A. Voronkov, W.G. Ambrose Jr., S.G. Denisenko. 2009. Bivalves as indicators of environmental variation and potential anthropogenic impacts in the southern Barents Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin 59:193-206. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.02.022.
  16. Carroll, M.L., S.G. Denisenko, P.E. Renaud, W.G. Ambrose Jr. 2008. Benthic Infauna of the Seasonally Ice-Covered Western Barents Sea: Patterns and relationships to environmental forcing. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2340-2351. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.022
  17. Carroll, J., A. Zaborska, C. Papucci, A. Schirone, M.L. Carroll, J. Pempkowiak. 2008. Accumulation of organic carbon in western Barents Sea sediments. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2361-2371. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.005
  18. Renaud, P.E, N. Morata, M.L. Carroll, S.G. Denisenko, M. Reigstad. 2008. Pelagic-benthic coupling in the western Barents Sea: Processes and time scales. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2372-2380. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.017
  19. Søreide, J.E., E.N. Hegseth, S. Falk-Petersen, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll, K.A. Hobson, K. Blachowiak-Samolyk, and K. Dmoch. 2008. Seasonal feeding strategies of Calanus in the high-Arctic Svalbard region. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2225-2244. doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.024
  20. Tamelander, T., M. Reigstad, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll, P. Wassmann. 2008.  Pelagic and sympagic contribution of organic matter to zooplankton and vertical export in the Barents Sea marginal ice zone. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2330-2339. doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.019
  21. Zaborska, A., J. Carroll, C. Papucci, L. Torriceli, M.L. Carroll, J. Walkusz-Miotk, J. Pempkowiak. 2008. Recent sediment accumulation rates for the western margin of the Barents Sea. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2352-2360. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.026.
  22. Carroll, M.L., S.G. Denisenko, A. Voronkov, W.G. Ambrose Jr., G. Henkes, S. Bosheim, B. Fredheim, T.R. Gulbrandsen. 2008. Arctic bivalves as indicators of environmental variation. Proceedings of the SPE 9th International Conference on Health Safety and Environment. 15-17 April 2008, Nice, France. SPE111-558.
  23. Renaud, P.E., M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose Jr. 2008. Effects of global warming on Arctic sea-floor communities and its consequences for higher trophic levels. In: Duarte C. (ed.) Effects of global warming on polar ecosystems. Proceedings of 2nd Debate of the BBVA Foundation. Fundacion BBVA, Madrid, pp. 139-178. (in English and Spanish). ISBN: 978-84-96515-74-1
  24. Coyle, K.O., B. Konar, A. Blanchard, R.C. Highsmith, J. Carroll, M.L. Carroll, S.G. Denisenko, B.I. Sirenko. 2007.  Potential effects of temperature on the benthic infaunal community on the southeastern Bering Sea shelf: Possible impacts of climate change. Deep Sea Research II 54:2885-2905. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.08.025
  25. Sun, M.-Y., M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose, L.M. Clough, L. Zou, G.R. Lopez. 2007. Rapid consumption of phytoplankton and ice algae by Arctic soft-sediment benthic communities: evidence using natural and 13C-labeled food materials. Journal of Marine Research 65:561-588.
  26. Olsen, G.H., M.L. Carroll, P.E. Renaud, W.G. Ambrose, R. Olssøn, J. Carroll. 2007.  Benthic community response to petroleum-associated components in arctic versus temperate marine sediments. Marine Biology 151:2167-2176. DOI 10.1007/s00227-007-0650-z
  27. Denisenko, S.G., S. Cochrane, M.L. Carroll, C. Emblow, S. Dahle. 2006. Zoobenthos distribution and vertical flux of organic carbon in the Barents Sea:  Preliminary results of 2003 expedition on RV “Ivan Petrov”.  Proceedings of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences 310:35-44.
  28. Wassmann, P., M. Reigstad, T. Haug, B. Rudels, M.L. Carroll, H. Hop, G.W. Gabrielsen, S. Falk-Petersen, S.G. Denisenko, E. Arashkevich, D. Slagstad, O. Pavlova.  2006. Food web and carbon flux in the Barents Sea. Progress in Oceanography 71:232-287.
  29. Beuchel, F., B. Gulliksen, M.L. Carroll. 2006. Long-term patterns of rocky-bottom macrobenthic community structure in an Arctic fjord (Kongsfjorden, Svalbard) in relation to climate variability (1980-2003). Journal of Marine Systems 63:35-48.
  30. Søreide, J.E., H. Hop, S. Falk-Petersen, E.N. Hegseth, M.L. Carroll. 2006. Seasonal food web dynamics and sympagic-pelagic coupling in the European Arctic Marginal Ice Zone revealed by stable isotopes and a two-source mixing model. Progress in Oceanography 71:59-87.
  31. Ambrose, W.G., M.L. Carroll, M. Greenacre, S. Thorrold, K. McMahon. 2006. Variation in Serripes groenlandicus (Bivalvia) growth in a Norwegian high-Arctic fjord: Evidence for local- and large-scale climatic forcing. Global Change Biology 12:1595-1607.
  32. Tamelander, T., J.E. Søreide, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll. 2006. Fractionation of stable isotopes in the Arctic marine copepod Calanus glacialis: effects on the isotopic composition of marine biogenic matter. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 333:231-240.
  33. Tamelander, T., P.E. Renaud, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose, K.E. Hobson. 2006. Trophic relationships and pelagic-benthic coupling during summer in the Barents Sea Marginal Ice Zone revealed by stable carbon and nitrogen isotope measurements. Marine Ecology Progress Series 310:33-46.
  34. McMahon, K.W., W.G. Ambrose, B.J. Johnson, M.Y. Sun, G.R. Lopez, L.M. Clough, M.L. Carroll. 2006. Benthic community response to ice algae and phytoplankton in Ny Ålesund, Svalbard. Marine Ecology Progress Series 310:1-14. (Feature Article)
  35. Carroll, M.L., S. Cochrane, R. Fieler, R. Velvin, and P. White. 2003. Organic Enrichment of Sediments from Salmon Farming in Norway: Environmental Factors, Management Practices, and Monitoring Techniques.  Aquaculture 226(1-4):156-180.
  36. Carroll, M.L. and J. Carroll. 2003. The Arctic Seas.  In: Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems.  K. Black and G. Shimmield (eds).  Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford UK. pp 127-156
  37. Carroll, J., F. Boisson, J.-L Teyssie, S.E. King, M. Krosshavn, M.L. Carroll, S.W. Fowler, P.P. Povinec and M.S. Baxter. 1999. Distribution coefficients (Kds) for use in risk assessment models of the Kara Sea.  Applied Radiation and Isotopes 51:121-129.
  38. Miquel, J.C., Carroll, M., and Jeandel, C. 1998. Seasonal trend in particulate carbon flux at the time-series site Kerfix in the Southern Ocean. Annales Geophysicae Part II Hydrology, Oceans & Atmosphere 16 (Suppl.): 549.
  39. Carroll, M.L., J.-C. Miquel and S.W. Fowler. 1998. Seasonal patterns and depth-specific trends of zooplankton fecal pellet fluxes in the northwest Mediterranean Sea. Deep-Sea Research (Part 1) 45:1303-1318.
  40. Carroll, M.L. 1996. Barnacle population dynamics and recruitment regulation in southcentral Alaska.  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 199:285-302.
  41. Carroll, M.L. and R.C. Highsmith. 1996. Role of catastrophic disturbance in mediating NucellaMytilus interactions in the Alaskan rocky intertidal.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 138:125-133.
  42. Carroll, M.L. and D. Wethey. 1990. Predator foraging behavior: Effect of a novel prey species on prey selection by a marine intertidal gastropod.  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 139:101-117.

Popular science and reports:

 

  1. Carroll, M.L. 2011. Old Clams Provide New Insight About Arctic Change. ICE Center Lance Cruise Blog – 2011. http://ice.npolar.no/no/nyheter/arkiv/2011/2011-05-16-blogfromlance.html
  2. Carroll, M.L. 2009. Of Clams and Climate: What Bivalves Can Tell Us about Arctic Environmental Histories. Polar Research in Tromsø 2008:5-6.
  3. Carroll, M.L. 2007.  Environmental Baseline and Natural Variations in the Central and Eastern Barents Sea – Project 2: Bivalves as indicators of environmental variation from intra-annual to centennial timescales. Akvaplan-niva Report 3659.01, 21 pp.
  4. Carroll, M.L., G. Pedersen, L. Camus. 2006.  Use of research results to update environmental management tools used in petroleum operations in the European Arctic. Akvaplan-niva Report 433.3473, 44 pp.
  5. B. Røsjø. 2006. Alger i isen. Bladet Forskning 2/06:18-19. (Translated title: Ice Algae)
  6. Carroll, M.L., G. Pedersen. 2005.  Mapping of Resources in the Littora Zone at Ingøy, October 2004. Akvaplan-niva Report 444,3169, 21pp
  7. Carroll, M. 2005.  Årranger i skjell gir nyttig informasjon i klimaforskningen. Norwegian Institute of Water Research (NIVA) 2004 Annual Report. pp. 31-33. (Translated title: Annual rings in bivalves provides useful information in climate research)
  8. Clough, L., W. Ambrose, M. Carroll, G. Lopez, M.-Y. Sun. 2005. Digestibility of Ice Algae and Phytoplankton: Does food type impact the Arctic benthos? Witness the Arctic, Winter 2004/05 Issue 11(2): 11.
  9. Nyberg, K., 2004.  “Dining on the Scum of the Earth”. VECO Polar Resources Weekly Newsletter.  August, 1, 2004.
  10. Park, I., N. Bell and M. Carroll. 2002.  Assessment of the Actual Present Environmental Impact of Representative OBM and WBM Cuttings Piles.  A Report for the UKOOA Drill Cuttings Joint Industry Project: R & D Programme 2B.  BMT Cordah Ltd., Report UKO016/2001. Aberdeen, Scotland.  63 pp.
  11. Carroll, M.L., T. Pearson, E. Dragsund, and K.L. Gabrielsen. 2000. Environmental Status of the Norwegian Offshore Sector Based on the Petroleum Regional Monitoring Programme, 1996-1998. The Norwegian Oil Industry Association Report APN 411.1777.04, 39 pp. ISBN: 82-449-0053-9.
  12. Carroll, M.L., O. Sochnev, T. Savinova, and J Kögeler. 1999. Coastal Sensitivity Mapping in the Pechora Sea:  Phase I – Technical Background and Methodological Approach. Akvaplan-niva Report 444.1661, 58 pp.
  13. Carroll, M.L., A. Evenset, J. Kögeler, J.N. Langfelt and T. Johansson. 1999. Restoration of chemically polluted beaches – Theoretical background for recommended practical measures and organization. Akvaplan-niva Report 444.1350, 90 pp. (In Norwegian)
  14. Carroll, J., Cochrane, S., Carroll, M., Dahle, S., Iosjpe, M., Strand, P. 1999. Does benthic community structure influence radionuclide incorporation into the food web? in Marine Pollution, Proceedings of a symposium held in Monaco, 5-9 October 1998. IAEA-TECDOC-1094. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna. p. 313-315.
  15. Miquel, J-C., Fowler., Hamilton T., Heilmann, J., La Rosa, J., Carroll, M. 1999. Carbon Fluxes and export in the northern and middle Adriatic Sea measured with drifting sediment traps. In: The Adriatic Sea, Ecosystem Research Report 32, EUR 18834, European Commission, Brussels, Belgium pp. 509-524.
  16. Mannvik, H.-P., T. Pearson, M. Carroll, A. Pettersen, K.L. Gabrielsen and R Palerud. 1998. Environmental Monitoring Survey, Region II:  Main Report.  Akvaplan-niva Report 411.1224-1, 250 pp+appendix.
  17. Carroll, M.L., L.-H. Larsen, H. Goodwin, R. Palerud, K. Kovacs, G. Pedersen, P. Friis and P. Andersen. 1998. An Appraisal of the Marine Environment of Southwest Greenland (62-67N) – Main Report.  Akvaplan-niva Report 411-1288.1, 69 pp. ISBN: 82-449-0043-1 (In English, Danish, and Greenlandic).
  18. Carroll, M.L., A. Evenset, K. Johnsen and R. Palerud. 1998. Mapping of vulnerable coastal areas and aquaculture sites in Western Finnmark. Akvaplan-niva Report 433.1400, 57 pp. (In Norwegian).
  19. Carroll, M.L., J. Kögeler and S.S.A. Knuttson. 1998. Shorelines and associated natural resources in the Chukai-Dungun region (Terengganu, Malaysia), 1998:  Environmental sensitivity to oil spills and recommendations for cleanup.  Akvaplan-niva Report 444.1281, 116 pp + 5 maps.
  20. Carroll, M.L., J.O. Bustnes and S. Simmons. 1997. Qualitative resource appraisal of flora and faunal of Melkøya. Akvaplan-niva Report 421.1246, 33pp. (In Norwegian).
  21. Miquel, J-C., Carroll, M., La Rosa, J., Guidi-Guilvard, L. 1997. Evolution journalière des flux particulaires et de carbone à une station fixe pendant Dynaproc: contribution du phyto- et zooplancton Fascicule DYNAPROC / JGOFS-France 36-42.

Outreach:

 

No Photo Available

Marina Chelak

PhD candidate

Nord UniversityFaculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture Work address Nord University Postbox 1490 Bodø 8049 Norway Work Phone: +47 75 51 73 85
Photo of Marvin Choquet

Marvin Choquet

PhD candidate

PhD project title: Calanus population genomics across the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean.…Read More
University of NordlandFaculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture Work address University of Nordland Postbox 1490 Bodø 8049 Norway Work Phone: +47 94 89 08 53

PhD project title:

Calanus population genomics across the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean.

PhD project description:

At the basis of ecosystems in North Atlantic and Artic, Calanus finmarchicus and Calanus glacialis are planktonic copepods whose role is fundamental for the food webs as it feeds secondary consumers. Given that very little is known about species boundaries and genetic structure, it is crucial to study the impact of global warming on Calanus populations. Identifying the genetic structure and the phylogeography/historical demography can help us understand and predict the response of populations to future changes.

I am using new technologies of sequencing to study the genomics of Calanus populations. Sequence capture enrichment technic enables me to select only specific parts of the genome and to assess its content in Single Nucleotide Polymorphism markers (SNPs). Indicators of the diversity, these markers will allow me defining populations’ structure. Then, I want to investigate the stability of populations over the time, and potential effects of selection. Moreover, since it has been suggested, and given the overlap of distribution and reproductive period of both species, I will figure out whether Calanus finmarchicus and Calanus glacialis are able to interbreed, and hybridize. Last point, I am interested in studying the mitogenome of Calanus species to build a new phylogeny based on NGS data, and to realize a phylogeography based on mitochondrial DNA.

Start date: September 2014
End date: Autumn 2017

Supervisors:

Galice Hoarau (UiN, Bodø, Norway)

Janne Søreide (UNIS, Longyearbyen, Norway)

 

No Photo Available

Jørgen Schou Christiansen

Professor

UiT The Arctic University of NorwayArctic and Marine Biology Work address Department of Arctic and Marine Biology Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø 9037 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 64 61 38
Photo of Sabine Cochrane

Sabine Cochrane

Senior Scientist

Research interests:
  • Taxonomy
  • Marine ecology
  • Biodiversity
  • Polychaetes
Read More
Akvaplan-nivaArtic Research & Development Work address Akvaplan-niva AS Fram Centre Tromsø 9296 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 75 03 27 Cell Phone: +47 99 53 21 44

Research interests:

  • Taxonomy
  • Marine ecology
  • Biodiversity
  • Polychaetes