Members

Here you can find a list of all ARCTOS members and PhD students. In the drop-down menu you can either select the member status or the institution the member belongs to.

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Photo of Bodil Bluhm

Bodil Bluhm

Professor

Research interests:
  • Structure and function of Arctic benthic and sea ice ecosystems
  • Biodiversity
  • Community ecology
  • Food web structure
  • Cryo-benthic-pelagic coupling
  • Invertebrate population dynamics.
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UiT The Arctic University of NorwayArctic and Marine Biology Work address Department of Arctic and Marine Biology Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Econoics UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø 9037 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 64 43 82

Research interests:

  • Structure and function of Arctic benthic and sea ice ecosystems
  • Biodiversity
  • Community ecology
  • Food web structure
  • Cryo-benthic-pelagic coupling
  • Invertebrate population dynamics.

Current national and international projects:

  • ArcticABC: Arctic Ocean ecosystems – Applied technology, Biological interactions and Consequences in an era of abrupt climate change (Norwegian Research Council)
  • Synthesis of Arctic Research (SOAR) (Bureau of Ocean Energy Management)
    SOAR brings together a multidisciplinary group of Arctic scientists and residents to explore and integrate information from completed and ongoing marine research in the Pacific Arctic
  • Arctic Ecosystem Integrated Survey (Bureau of Ocean Energy Management)
    A comprehensive assessment of the oceanography, lower trophic levels, crab, and fish communities of the northeastern Bering Sea and eastern Chukchi Sea shelf
  • Beaufort Sea fish and invertebrate surveys (Bureau of Ocean Energy Management)
    Surveys of lower trophics to fish on the Beaufort Sea shelf and slope; food web studies, community ecology, biodiversity, zoogeography, environmental linkages
  • Arctic crab research (Fram Centre, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management)
    A study to assess abundance, biomass, population structure, fecundity, diet and role in the food web of Chionoecetes opilio in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas
  • A study of climate, oceanography and lower trophic levels in the Bering Sea and their relevance to people in the region
  • Russian-American Long-term Census of the Arctic (RUSALCA): Arctic Epibenthic Community Structure and Benthic Food Web Structure (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
    Towards building a time-series of interdisciplinary data sets from ocean conditions to faunal communities in the Russian and US parts of the Chukchi Sea

Completed national and international projects:

Selection of relevant scientific publications:

  1. Bluhm BA, Carmack E, Kosobokova K.  A tale of two basins: An integrated physical and biological perspective of the deep Arctic Ocean. Progress in Oceanography, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2015.07.011
  2. Divine L, Iken K, Bluhm BA (2015) Regional benthic food web structure on the Alaskan Beaufort Sea shelf. Marine Ecology Progress Series 531:15-32
  3. Grebmeier JM, Bluhm BA, Cooper LW, Danielson S, Arrigo K, Blanchard AL, Clark JT, Day RH, Frey KE, Gradinger RR, Kedra M, Konar B, Kuletz KJ, Lee SH, Lovvorn JR, Norcross BL, Okkonen SR (2015) Ecosystem characteristics and processes facilitating persistent macrobenthic biomass hotspots and associated benthivory in the Pacific Arctic. Progress in Oceanography 136:92–114
  4. Renaud PE, Sejr MK, Bluhm BA, Sirenko B, Ellingsen IH (2015) The future of Arctic benthos: expansion, invasion, and biodiversity. Progress in Oceanography, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2015.07.007
  5. Nelson RJ, Ashjian C, Bluhm B, Conlan K, Gradinger R, Grebmeier J, Hill V, Hopcroft R, Hunt B, Joo H, Kirchman D, Kosobokova K, Lee S, Li W, Lovejoy C, Poulin M, Sherr E, Young K (2014) Biodiversity and biogeography of the lower trophic fauna of the Pacific Arctic region – sensitivities to climate change. In: Grebmeier JM, Maslowski W, Zhao J (eds) The Pacific Arctic sector: status and trends.
  6. Hop H, Bluhm BA, Daase M, Gradinger R, Poulin M (2013) Arctic sea ice biota. In: Arctic Report Card: Update for 2013.
  7. Iken K, Bluhm BA, Søreide J (2013) Benthos. In: Arctic Report Card: Update for 2013.
  8. Josefson AB, Mokievsky V (lead authors), Bergman M, Blicher ME, Bluhm B, Cochrane S, Denisenko NV, Hasemann C, Jørgensen LL, Klages M, Schewe I, Sejr MK, Soltwedel T, Weslawski JM, Wlodarska-Kowalczuk (contributing authors) (2013) Chapter 8. Marine invertebrates. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment – Status and Trends in Biodiversity in the Arctic. CAFF Working Group of the Arctic Council.
  9. Michel C, Rice J (lead authors), Bluhm B, Duarte C, Galucci V, Gaston T, Gordillo FJL, Gradinger R, Hopcroft R, Jensen N, Mustonen T, Nielsen TG, Niemi A, Skjoldal HR (contributing authors) (2013) Chapter 11. Arctic Marine Ecosystems. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment – Status and Trends in Biodiversity in the Arctic. CAFF Working Group of the Arctic Council.
  10. Bluhm BA, Grebmeier JM, Archambault P, Blicher M, Guðmundsson G, Iken K, Lindal Jørgensen L, Mokievsky V (2012) Benthos. In: Arctic Report Card: Update for 2012. http://www.arctic.noaa.gov/reportcard/index.html
  11. Michel C, Bluhm B, Gallucci V, Gaston T, Gordillo FJL, Gradinger R, Hopcroft R, Jensen N, Mustonen T, Niemi A, Nielsen TG (2012) Biodiversity of Arctic marine ecosystems and responses to climate change. Biodiversity 13:200-214
  12. McConnell B, Gradinger R, Iken K, Bluhm BA (2012) Growth rates of juvenile Scolelepis squamata (Polychaeta: Spionidae) from Chukchi Sea fast ice. Polar Biology 35:1487-1494
  13. Bluhm BA, Grebmeier JM (2011) Biodiversity – status and trends of benthic organisms. In: Arctic Report Card: Update for 2011. http://www.arctic.noaa.gov/report11/biodiv_benthic_organisms.html
  14. Bluhm BA, Gebruk AV, Gradinger R, Hopcroft RR, Huettmann F, Kosobokova KN, Sirenko SI, Weslawski JM (2011) Arctic marine biodiversity – an update of species richness and examples of biodiversity change. Oceanography 24:232–248
  15. Bluhm BA, Ambrose Jr WG, Bergmann M, Clough LM, Gebruk AV, Hasemann C, Iken K, Klages M, MacDonald IR, Renaud PE, Schewe I, Soltwedel T, Wlodarska-Kowalczuk M (2011) Diversity of the Arctic deep-sea benthos. Marine Biodiversity 41:87-107
  16. Piepenburg D, Archambault P, Ambrose WG Jr, Blanchard A, Bluhm BA, Carroll ML, Conlan K, Cusson M, Feder HM, Grebmeier JM, Jewett SC, Lévesque M, Petryashev VV, Sejr MK, Sirenko B, Włodarska-Kowalczuk M (2011) Towards a pan-Arctic inventory of the species diversity of the macro- and megabenthic fauna of the Arctic shelf seas. Marine Biodiversity 41:51-70
  17. Sharma J, Baguley J, Bluhm BA, Rowe G (2011) Do meio- and macrobenthic nematodes differ in community composition and body weight trends with depth? PLoS ONE 6(1): e14491
  18. Bluhm BA, Iken K, Hopcroft RR (2010) Observations and exploration of the Arctic’s Canada Basin and the Chukchi Sea: The Hidden Ocean and RUSALCA expeditions. Deep-Sea Research  II 57:1-4
  19. Bluhm BA, Gradinger RR, Schnack-Schiel SB (2010) Sea ice meio- and macrofauna. In: Thomas D, Dieckmann G (eds) Sea ice. 2nd edition. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, pp 357-394
  20. Bluhm B, Watts D, Huettmann F (2010) Free database availability, metadata and the Internet: an example of two high latitude components of the Census of Marine Life. In: Huettmann F, Cushman S.A. (eds) Spatial complexity, informatics and wildlife conservation. Springer, Tokyo, pp 233-244
  21. Gradinger R, Bluhm BA (2010) Timing of ice algal grazing by the Arctic nearshore benhic amphipod Onisimus litoralis. Arctic 63:355-358
  22. Gradinger R, Bluhm B, Iken K (2010) Arctic sea ice ridges – safe havens for sea ice fauna during periods of extreme ice melt? Deep-Sea Research II 57:86-95
  23. Iken K, Bluhm BA, Dunton K (2010) Benthic food web structure serves as indicator of water mass properties in the southern Chukchi Sea. Deep-Sea Research II 57:71-85
  24. MacDonald IR, Bluhm BA, Iken K, Gagaev S, Strong S (2010) Benthic macrofaunal and megafaunal assemblages in the Arctic deep-sea Canada Basin. Deep-Sea Research II 57:136-152
  25. Wei C-K, Rowe GT, Escobar-Briones E, Boetius A, Soltwedel T, Caley MJ, Soliman Y, Huettmann F, Qu F, Yu Z, Pitcher CR, Haedrich RL, Wicksten MK, Rex MA, Baguley JG, Sharma J, Danovaro R, MacDonald  IR, Nunnally CC, Deming JW, Montagna P, Lévesque M, Weslawski JM, Wlodarska-Kowalczuk M, Ingole BS, Bett BJ, Yool A, Bluhm BA, Iken K, Narayanaswamy BE (2010) Global patterns and predictions of seafloor biomass using random forests. PLoS ONE 5(12): e15323
  26. Bluhm BA, Iken K, Mincks SL, Sirenko BI, Holladay BA (2009) Community structure of epibenthic megafauna in the Chukchi Sea. Aquatic Biology 7:269-293
  27. Gradinger R, Bluhm BA (2009) Assessment of the abundance and diversity of sea ice biota. In: Eicken H, Gradinger R, Salganek M, Shirasawa K, Perovich D, Leppäranta M (eds) Handbook on field techniques in sea ice research (a sea ice system services approach). University of Alaska Press, Fairbanks, pp 283-300
  28. Gradinger R, Kaufman MR, Bluhm BA (2009) The pivotal role of sea ice sediments for the seasonal development of near-shore Arctic fast ice biota. Marine Ecology Progress Series 394:49-63
  29. Piepenburg D, Bluhm BA (2009) Arctic seafloor life, glasnost and climate change. In: Hempel G, Hempel I (eds) Biological studies in polar oceans – exploration of life in icy waters. Wirtschaftsverlag N.W., pp 133-142
  30. Bluhm BA, Gradinger R (2008) Regional variability in food availability for Arctic marine mammals. Ecological Applications 18 suppl: 77-96
  31. Kaufman MR, Gradinger RR, Bluhm BA, O’Brien DM (2008) Using stable isotopes to assess carbon and nitrogen turnover in the Arctic sympagic amphipod Onisimus litoralis. Oecologia 158:11-22
  32. Piraino S, Bluhm BA, Gradinger R, Boero F (2008) Sympagohydra tuuli gen. nov. et sp. nov. (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) a cool hydroid from the Arctic sea ice. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of United Kingdom 88:1637-1641
  33. Bluhm BA, Coyle CO, Konar B, Highsmith RC (2007) High gray whale densities at an oceanographic front in the south-central Chukchi Sea in 2003. Deep-Sea Research II 54:2919-2933
  34. Coyle KO, Bluhm BA, Konar B, Blanchard A, Highsmith RC (2007) Amphipod prey of gray whales in the northern Bering Sea: changes in biomass and distribution. Deep-Sea Research II 54:2906-2918
  35. Bluhm BA, Gradinger R, Piraino S (2007) First record of sympagic hydroids (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria) in Arctic coastal fast ice. Polar Biology 30:1557-1563
  36. Gradinger R, Bluhm BA (2006) Life in the crystal palace: flora and fauna of the Arctic sea ice. In Hempel H, Schiel S (eds) Life in the oceans – an ecological reader. Hauschild Verlag, in German, pp 39-47
  37. Highsmith RC, Coyle KO, Bluhm BA, Konar B (2006) Gray Whales in the Bering and Chukchi Seas. In Estes J, DeMaster DP, Doak DF, Williams TM, Brownell RL (eds) Whales, Whaling and Ocean Ecosystems. UC Press, pp 303-313
  38. Bluhm BA, MacDonald IR, Debenham C, Iken K (2005) Macro- and megabenthic communities in the high Arctic Canada Basin: initial findings. Polar Biology (spec. issue) 28:218-231
  39. Gradinger R, Meiners K, Plumley G, Zhang Q, Bluhm BA (2005) Abundance and composition of the sea ice meiofauna in off-shore pack ice of the Beaufort Gyre in summer 2002 and 2003. Polar Biology (spec. issue) 28:171-181
  40. Iken K, Bluhm BA, Gradinger R (2005) Food web structure in the high Arctic Canada Basin: evidence from 13C and 15N analysis. Polar Biology (spec. issue) 28:238-249
  41. Gradinger RR, Bluhm BA (2004) In situ observations on the distribution and behavior of amphipods and Arctic cod (Boreogadus saida) under the sea ice of the high Arctic Canadian Basin.  Polar Biology 27:595-603
  42. Bluhm BA, Bechtel, PJ (2003) The potential fate and effects of seafood processing wastes dumped at sea: A review. In Bechtel PJ (ed) Advances in Seafood Byproducts: 2002 Conference Proceedings. Alaska Sea Grant College Program, University of Alaska Fairbanks: pp 121-140
  43. Bluhm BA, Brey T (2001) Age determination in the Antarctic shrimp Notocrangon antarcticus (Pfeffer, 1887) (Crustacea: Decapoda) using the autofluorescent pigment lipofuscin. Marine Biology 138:247-257
  44. Bluhm BA, Brey T, Klages M (2001) The autofluorescent age pigment lipofuscin: key to age, growth and productivity of the Antarctic amphipod Waldeckia obesa (Chevreux, 1905). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 258:215-235
  45. Bluhm BA, Brey T, Klages M, Arntz WE (2001) Occurrence of the autofluorescent pigment lipofuscin in polar crustaceans and its potential as an age marker. Polar Biology 24:642-649
  46. Bluhm BA, Piepenburg D, v Juterzenka K (1998) Distribution, standing stock, growth, mortality and production of Strongylocentrotus pallidus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in the northern Barents Sea. Polar Biology 20:325-334

 

Photo of Sophie Bourgeon

Sophie Bourgeon

Associate professor

Research interests: Ecotoxicology, Arctic seabirds and mammals, persistent organic pollutants, plastic pollution, multiple stressors Current projects: PlastPoll- Plastic pollution; a global Challenge Towards harmonized understanding, education and methodology in Europe, USA and China.…Read More
UiT The Arctic University of NorwayArctic and Marine Biology Work address Department of Arctic and Marine Biology Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Econoics UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø 9037 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 64 60 33 Website: sophiebourgeon.webs.com (personal website)

Research interests:

Ecotoxicology, Arctic seabirds and mammals, persistent organic pollutants, plastic pollution, multiple stressors

Current projects:

PlastPoll– Plastic pollution; a global Challenge Towards harmonized understanding, education and methodology in Europe, USA and China.
In collaboration with Dr. Dorte Herzke.

EnviStress– Environmental stress processes: the role of anthropogenic pollution in a rapidly changing environment.
In collaboration with Dr. Jan Ove Bustnes

EcoStress – Ecological consequences of environmentally persistent pollutants in a marine sentinel species: A multi-stressor approach.
In collaboration with Dr. Jan Ove Bustnes

Completed projects:

HvalrossTOX– Sucking clams or hunting seals – consequences to walrus health. Contaminants in Atlantic walruses: effects on endocrine and immune systems.
In collaboration with Dr. Heli Routti

AVITOX – Causes and consequences of high loads of biomagnifying pollutants in avian top predators in the Arctic.
In collaboration with Dr. Jan Ove Bustnes

BEARENERGY– Synergistic effects of sea ice-free periods and contaminant exposure on energy metabolism in polar bears from the Barents sea area.
In collaboration with Dr. Heli Routti and Dr. Geir W. Gabrielsen

SKUA– Physiological effects of new- and old persistent organic pollutants in a breeding seabird top predator: the great skua Stercorarius skua. In collaboration with Dr. Jan Ove Bustnes

Selection of relevant scientific publications:

  1. Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Hanssen, S-A., Petersen, A., Strøm, H., Bjørn, T.H., Gabrielsen, G.W., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W., Haarr, A., Borgå, K. 2019. The effect of long-range transport, trophic position and diet specialization on legacy contaminant occurrence in great skuas, Stercorarius skua, breeding across the Northeast Atlantic. Environmental Pollution. 244, 55-65.
  2. Tartu, S., Aars, J., Andersen, M., Polder, A., Bourgeon, S., Merkel, B., Lowther, A.D., Bytingsvik, J., Welker, J.M., Derocher, A.E., Jenssen, B.M., Routti, H. 2018. Choose your poison – Space-use strategy influences pollutant exposure in Barents Sea polar bears. Environmental Science & Technology, 52 (5), 3211-3221.
  3. Tartu, S., Lille-Langøy, R., Størseth, T.R., Bourgeon, S., Brunsvik, A., Aars, J., Goksøyr, A., Jenssen, B.M., Polder, A., Thiemann, G.W., Torget, V., Routti, H. 2017. Multiple-stressor effects in an apex predator: combined influence of pollutants and sea ice decline on lipid metabolism in polar bears. Scientific Reports, 7, 16487.
  4. Bourgeon, S., Riemer, A.K., Tartu, S., Aars, J., Polder, A., Jenssen, B.M., Routti, H. 2017. Potentiation of ecological factors on the disruption of thyroid hormones by organo-halogenated contaminants in female polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from the Barents Sea. Environmental Research, 158, 94-104.
  5. Hanssen, S.A., Sonne, C., Bustnes, J.O., Schnug, L., Bourgeon, S., Ballesteros, M., Eulaers, I., Moum, T., Johnsen, T.V., Kjelgaard-Hansen M., Herzke, D., Jaspers, V.L.B., Covaci, A., Eens, M., Halley, D.J., Erikstad, K.E., Ims, R.A. 2017. Anti-parasite treatment and blood biochemistry in raptor nestlings. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 95, 685-693.
  6. Tartu, S., Bourgeon, S., Aars, J., Andersen, M., Polder, A., Thiemann, G.W., Welker, J.M., Routti, H. 2017. Sea ice-associated decline in body condition leads to increased concentrations of lipophilic pollutants in polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from Svalbard, Norway. Science of the Total Environment, 576, 409-419.
  7. Tartu, S., Bourgeon, S., Aars, J., Andersen, M., Lone, K., Jenssen, B.M., Polder, A., Thiemann, G.W., Torget, V., Welker, J.M., Routti, H. 2017. Diet and metabolic state are the main factors determining concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances in female polar bears from Svalbard. Environmental Pollution, 229, 146-158.
  8. Tartu, S., Bourgeon, S., Aars, J., Andersen, M., Ehrich, D., Thiemann, G.W., Welker, J.M., Routti, H. 2016. Geographical area and life history traits influence diet in an Arctic marine predator. PLoS ONE 11(5), e0155980.
  9. Sletten, S., Bourgeon, S., Bårdsen, B.-J., Herzke, D., Criscuolo, F., Massemin, S., Zahn, S., Johnsen, T.V., Bustnes, J.-O. 2016. Organohalogenated contaminants in white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) nestlings: An assessment of relationships to immunoglobulin levels, telomeres and oxidative stress. Science of the Total Environment, 539, 337-349.
  10. Bustnes, J.O., Bourgeon, S., Leat, E.H.K., Magnusdottir, E., Strøm, H., Hanssen, S-A., Petersen, A., Olafsdottir, K., Borgå, K., Gabrielsen, G.W., Furness, R.W. 2015. Multiple stressors in a top predator seabird: potential ecological consequences of environmental contaminants, population health and breeding conditions. PLoS ONE 10 (7), e0131769.
  11. Williams, T.D., Bourgeon, S., Cornell, A., Ferguson, L., Fowler, M., Fronstin, R.B., Love, O.P. 2015. Mid-winter temperatures, not spring temperatures, predict breeding phenology in the European starling Sturnus vulgaris. Royal Society open science 2: 140301.
  12. Prop, J., Aars, J., Bårdsen, B.-J., Hanssen, S.A., Bech, C., Bourgeon, S., de Fouw, J.,  Gabrielsen, G.W., Noreen, E., Oudman, T., Sittler, B., Stempniewicz, L., Tombre, I., Wolters, E., Moe, B. 2015. Climate change and the increasing impact of polar bears on bird populations. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 3:33.
  13. Legagneux, P., Berzins, L.L., Forbes, M., Harms, N.J., Hennin, H., Bourgeon, S., Forster, J., Gilchrist, H.G., Bêty, J., Soos, C., Love, O.P., Foster, J.T., Descamps, S., Burness, G. 2014. No selection on immunological markers in response to a highly virulent pathogen in an Arctic breeding bird. Evolutionary Applications, 7 (7), 765-773.
  14. Magnusdottir, E., Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Jonsson, J.E., Phillips, R.A., Strøm, H., Petersen, A., Hanssen, S-A., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W. 2014. Activity patterns of wintering Great Skuas Stercorarius skua. Bird Study, 61 (3), 301-308.
  15. Bourgeon, S., Leat, E.H.K., Magnusdottir, E., Furness, R.W., Strøm, H., Petersen, A., Gabrielsen, G.W., Hanssen, S.A., Bustnes, J.O. 2014. Feather corticosterone levels on wintering grounds have no carry-over effects on breeding among three populations of great skuas (Stercorarius skua). PLoS ONE, 9 (6), e100439.
  16. Love, O.P., Madliger, L., Bourgeon, S., Semeniuk, C.A.D., Williams, T.D. 2014. Evidence for baseline glucocorticoids as mediators of reproductive investment in a wild bird. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 199, 65-69.
  17. Hanssen, S.A., Bustnes, J.O., Schnug, L., Bourgeon, S., Ballesteros, M., Sonne, C., Herzke, D., Jaspers, V.L.B., Covaci, A., Halley, D.J., Moum, T., Eulaers, I., Eens, M.,  Ims, R.A., Erikstad, K.E., Johnsen, T. Anti-parasite treatments reduce humoral immunity and impact oxidative status in raptor nestlings. 2013. Ecology and Evolution, 3 (16), 5157-5166.
  18. Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Magnusdottir, E., Gabrielsen, G.W., Grecian, W.J., Hanssen, S.A., Olafsdóttir, K., Petersen, Æ., Phillips, R.A., Strøm, H., Ellis, S., Fisk, A.T., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W., Borgå, K. 2013. The influence of wintering area on concentration and pattern of persistent organic pollutants in a breeding migratory seabird. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 491, 277-293.
  19. Bourgeon, S., Leat, E.H.K., Furness, R.W., Borgå, K., Hanssen, S.A., Bustnes, J.O. 2013. Dietary versus maternal sources of organochlorines in top predator seabird chicks: an experimental approach. Environmental Science & Technology, 47, 5963-5970.
  20. Sonne, C., Rigét, F.F., Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Borgå, K., Strøm, H., Hanssen, S.A., Gabrielsen, G.W., Petersen, Æ., Olafsdóttir, K., Magnusdottir, E., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W., Kjelgaard-Hansen, M. 2013. Organohalogen contaminants and blood plasma clinical-chemical parameters in three colonies of North Atlantic Great skua (Stercorarius skua). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 92, 245-251.
  21. Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Eze, J., Muir, D., Williamson, M., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W., Borgå, K. 2013. Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in eggs and plasma of an avian top predator, great skua Stercorarius skua, in the North Atlantic. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 32 (3), 569-576.
  22. Magnusdottir, E., Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Strøm, H., Petersen, A., Phillips, R.A., Hanssen, S-A., Bustnes, J.O., Hersteinsson, P., Furness, R.W. 2012. Wintering areas of Great Skuas Stercorarius skua breeding in Scotland, Iceland and Norway. Bird Study, 59, 1-9.
  23. Bourgeon, S., Leat, E.H.K., Furness, R.W., Magnusdottir, E., Fisk, A.T., Strøm, H., Hanssen, S.A., Petersen, Æ., Olafsdóttir, K., Borgå, K., Gabrielsen, G.W., Bustnes, J.O. 2012. Individual variation in biomarkers of health: influence of persistent organic pollutants in Great skuas (Stercorarius skua) breeding at different geographical locations. Environmental Research, 118, 31-39.
  24. Bourgeon, S., Parker-Guindre, S., Williams, T.D. 2011. Effects of sibling competition on growth, oxidative stress and humoral immunity: a two-year brood size manipulation. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 84 (4), 429-437.
  25. Noreen, E., Bourgeon, S., Bech, C. 2011. Growing old with the immune system: a study of immunosenescence in the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata). Journal of Comparative Physiology B., 181, 649-656.
  26. Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Borgå, K., Strøm, H., Hanssen, S-A., Gabrielsen, G.W., Petersen, A., Olafsdottir, K., Magnusdottir, E., Fisk, A.T., Ellis, S., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W. 2011. Effects of environmental exposure and diet on levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in eggs of a top predator in the North Atlantic in 1980 and 2008. Environmental Pollution, 159, 1222-1228.
  27. Bourgeon, S., Kauffmann, M., Geiger, S., Raclot, T., Robin, J-P. 2010. Relationships between metabolic status, corticosterone secretion and maintenance of innate and adaptive humoral immunities in fasted re-fed mallards. Journal of Experimental Biology, 213 (22), 3810-3818.
  28. Semeniuk, C.A.D., Bourgeon, S., Smith, S.L., Rothley, K.D. 2009. Hematological differences between stingrays at tourist and non-visited sites suggest physiological costs of wildlife tourism. Biological Conservation, 142, 1818-1829.
  29. Bourgeon, S., Le Maho, Y., Raclot, T. 2009. Proximate and ultimate mechanisms underlying immunosuppression during the incubation fast in female eiders: roles of triiodothyronine and corticosterone. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 163, 77-82.
  30. Bourgeon, S., Viera, V.M., Raclot, T., Groscolas, R. 2007. Hormones and immunoglobulin levels in king penguins during moulting and breeding fasts. Écoscience, 14 (4), 519-529.
  31. Bourgeon, S., Raclot, T., Le Maho, Y., Ricquier, D., Criscuolo, F. 2007. Innate immunity, assessed by plasma NO measurements, is not suppressed during the incubation fast in eiders. Developmental & Comparative Immunology, 31 (7), 720-728.
  32. Bourgeon, S., Raclot, T. 2007. Triiodothyronine suppresses humoral immunity but not T-cell-mediated immune response in incubating female eiders (Somateria mollissima). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 151 (2), 188-194.
  33. Bourgeon, S., Raclot, T. 2006. Corticosterone selectively decreases humoral immunity in female eiders during incubation. Journal of Experimental Biology, 209, 4957-4965.
  34. Bourgeon, S., Martinez, J., Criscuolo, F., Le Maho, Y., Raclot, T. 2006. Fasting-induced changes of immunological and stress indicators in breeding female Eiders. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 147 (3), 336-342.
  35. Bourgeon, S., Criscuolo, F., Le Maho, Y., Raclot, T. 2006. Phytohemagglutinin response and immunoglobulin index decrease during incubation fasting in female Common Eiders. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 79 (4), 793-800.
  36. Bourgeon, S., Criscuolo, F., Bertile, F., Raclot, T., Gabrielsen, G.W., Massemin, S. 2006. Effects of clutch sizes and incubation stage on nest desertion in the female Common Eider Somateria mollissima nesting in the high Arctic. Polar Biology, 29 (5), 358-363.

 

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Andrea Bozman

PhD candidate

Nord UniversityFaculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture Work address Faculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture Nord University Post box 1490 Bodø 8049 Norway Work Phone: +47 75 51 71 09
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Melissa Michelle Brandner

PhD candidate

Nord UniversityFaculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture Work address Faculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture Nord University Post box 1490 Bodø 8049 Norway Work Phone: +47 75 51 71 91
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Lionel Camus

Senior Scientist

Akvaplan-nivaArctic R&D Work address Akvaplan-niva AS Fram Centre Tromsø 9296 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 75 03 13
Photo of Pernilla Carlsson

Pernilla Carlsson

Scientist

Research interests: I am an environmental/analytical chemist with a background in marine chemistry as well.…Read More
Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA)Section for contaminants in aquatic environments Work address Norwegian Institute for Water Research Framcenter Hjalmar Johansens gate 14 Tromsø 9007 Norway

Research interests:

I am an environmental/analytical chemist with a background in marine chemistry as well. My main areas of research interest are bioaccumulation of environmental pollutants in Arctic marine and limnic food webs. Another area of interest is how climate change affects environmental processes that are important for understanding the fate and occurrence of contaminants in the Arctic. I have used enantiomer selective analyses to understand more about transfer and fate of pesticides in Arctic waters.

I am involved in assessments and reports for Arctic Monitoring Assessment Programme (AMAP) as well, focusing on emerging contaminants and combined effects of climate change and persistent organic pollutants (POPs).

Scientific diving is a tool I use as much as possible in my research. Certain experiments and sampling cannot be achieved without diving. Other techniques for sampling organic pollutants are passive sampling (water) that is a very useful way of taking samples in the Arctic.

Running projects:

FlammePlank, Svalbard environmental fund project on occurrence of new flame retardants in Svalbard.

Scientific publications:

  1. Carlsson, P., Pawlak, J., Wilson, S., Christensen, J.H., Borgå, K., Aspmo Pfaffhuber, K., Odland, J.Ø., Kallenborn, R., Reiersen, L-O. Influence of Climate Change on Transport, Levels, and Effects of Contaminants in Northern Areas. Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM) and AMAP. –planned 2016
  2. Carlsson, P., Crosse, J.D., Halsall, C., Evenset, A., Heimstad, E.S., Harju, M., 2016a. Perfluoroalkylated substances (PFASs) and legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in halibut and shrimp from coastal areas in the far north of Norway: Small survey of important dietary foodstuffs for coastal communities. Marine Pollution Bulletin.
  3. Carlsson, P., Literák, J., Dušek, L., Hofman, J., Bucheli, T.D., Klánová, J., 2016b. Temporal and spatial variability of enantiomeric fractions (EFs) of chiral organochlorines in relation to soil properties. J. Soils Sediments, 1-9.
  4. Carlsson, P., Warner, N.A., Hallanger, I.G., Herzke, D., Kallenborn, R., 2014. Spatial and temporal distribution of chiral pesticides in Calanus spp. from three Arctic fjords. Environ Pollut 192, 154-161.
  5. Carlsson, P., Herzke, D., Kallenborn, R., 2014. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFASs) in traditional sea-food items from western Greenland. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 21, 4741-4750.
  6. Carlsson, P., Herzke, D., Kallenborn, R., 2014. Enantiomer-Selective and Quantitative Trace Analysis of Selected Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP) in Traditional Food from Western Greenland. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A 77, 616-627.
  7. Kallenborn, K., Halsall, C., Dellong, M., Carlsson, P. 2012. The influence of climate change on the global distribution and fate processes of anthropogenic persistent organic pollutants. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 14, 2854-2869.
  8. Carlsson, P., Cornelissen, G., Bøghild, C.E., Rysgaard, S., Mortensen, J. Kallenborn, R. 2012. Hydrology-linked spatial distribution of pesticides in a fjordsystem in Greenland. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 14 (5), 1437-1443.

Popular science and outreach:

  • Fram-dagen Nov 2015; dykking for vitenskap
  • Invited key note speaker at Arctic Frontiers, Tromsø, Norway 2014
  • Invited for presentation at “Svalbardseminarene”, Longyearbyen, Svalbard, February 2014
  • Qualification in local final of “Forsker Grand Prix”, Tromsø to participation in the nationalfinal in Oslo, September 2013
  • Project leader for the Svalbard environmental fund project “POPjakt i skolen”, 2010-2012. An outreach project together with the school in Longyearbyen.
No Photo Available

Nathalie Carrasco

Master student

Master project title: Effects of terrestrial inputs on pelagic food-web structure and contaminant trophodynamics in Adventfjord, Svalbard.…Read More
UiT The Arctic University of NorwayDepartment of Arctic and Marine Biology Address Departement of Arctic and Marine Biology Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries, and Economics UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø 9037 Norway

Master project title:

Effects of terrestrial inputs on pelagic food-web structure and contaminant trophodynamics in Adventfjord, Svalbard.

Master project description:

This study is part of the TerrACE project lead by Akvaplan-Niva, which more generally will investigate « Effects of terrestrial inputs on contaminant dynamics in Arctic coastal ecosystems ».

Start date:
Ende date:

Supervisors:

Amanda Poste (NIVA, Tromsø, Norway)
Anita Evenset (Akvaplan-niva, Tromsø, Norway)
Janne Søreide (UNIS, Longyearbyen, Svalbard)

Photo of JoLynn Carroll

JoLynn Carroll

Assistant Director (Akvaplan-niva), Professor II (UiT)

Research interests:
  • Detection of ecosystem responses to anthropogenic impact factors-ecosystem-based modeling for scenario assessments
  • Arctic environment and climate change
  • Sediment biogeochemistry
  • Methane hydrate ecosystems in a changing Arctic
  • Modern sedimentation and geochronology
  • Arctic contaminant transport and cycling.
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Akvaplan-nivaManagement and Administration Work address Akvaplan-niva AS Fram Centre Tromsø 9296 Norway Cell Phone: +47 47 04 38 44

Research interests:

  • Detection of ecosystem responses to anthropogenic impact factors-ecosystem-based modeling for scenario assessments
  • Arctic environment and climate change
  • Sediment biogeochemistry
  • Methane hydrate ecosystems in a changing Arctic
  • Modern sedimentation and geochronology
  • Arctic contaminant transport and cycling.

Running national and international projects:

  • Principal Investigator: An advanced software tool for holistic environmental impact assessment that fulfills the needs of integrated management – Norwegian Research Council DEMO 2000 program (2014-2016).
  • Principal Investigator (Workpackage Leader): ARCEx – Research Centre for Arctic Petroleum Exploration – Norwegian Research Council PETROMAKS program (2013-2021).
  • Principal Investigator (Workpackage Leader): CAGE – Centre for Arctic gas hydrate energy and environmental technology. NFR Centre of Excellence located at the University of Tromsø (2013-2021).

Completed national and international projects (2010 to present):

  • Knowledge assessment of data and models for Arctic Ice Covered Waters. Statoil (2013-2014).
  • Partner: CAMARE- Accidental discharge project. ConocoPhillips (2012-2014).
  • Partner: Environmental impacts of Arctic oil spills and Arctic spill response technologies. Arctic oil spill response technology – Joint Industry Programme administered by: International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (2012).
  • Principal Investigator: SYMBIOSES-System for biology based assessments. NFR Oceans & Seas program (2011-2013).
  • Partner: CASE- The Changing Arctic and Sub-Arctic Environment: a research and training program on marine biotic indicators of recent climate changes in the high latitudes of the North Atlantic (2010-2014).  European Union Marie Curie Program.
  • Partner: MARES- Marine Ecosystem Health and Conservation (http://www.mares-eu.org). Project financed by: European Union.
  • Partner: ‘CETIA- coastal environment, technology and innovation in the Arctic (2011-2013). Project financed by: European Union.
  • Lead Investigator: Arctic Ocean Acidification. Project lead by Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program. Project financed by: Nordic Ministers of Research (2010-2012).
  • Principal Investigator: A natural oil spill containment system for deployment under Arctic coastal sea conditions. NFR PETROMAKS (Pre project 2010).
  • Partner: The Changing Arctic and Sub-Arctic environment. Initial Training Network. EU Marie Curie Program. http://caseitn.epoc.u-bordeaux1.fr/ (2010-2013).
  • Partner: Environmental Industrial Waste Management Center (EWMA). University of Tromsø. NFR and ENI Norge (2006-2015).
  • Partner: Arctic Tipping Points. EU 7th framework project on climate change impacts and thresholds on Arctic Ocean systems (2009-2012).

Relevant publications – Books, book chapters and guest editorials:

  1. Potts, T., Valcic, B. and Carroll, J.,Carroll, M. 2014. ‘The practicalities of ecosystem based management and climate change in the Barents Sea: the ECOBAR project.’ In: Kwon, M-S, Schofield, C.H. and Lee, S. (eds), The Limits of Maritime Jurisdiction, (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, Law of the Sea Institute, 2014).
  2. Olsen, G.H., Carroll, J., Dahle, S., Larsen, L.H., Camus, L. (2013). Challenges performing risk assessment in the Arctic. In: Lee K, Neff J (eds) Produced water: environmental risks and advances in mitigation technologies. Springer, New York, pp.  521-536.
  3. Carroll, J. and Zaborska, A. 2010. Radioactivity in the Arctic Ocean and Arctic Shelf Seas. In: Radionuclides in the Environment. (Ed. D. Atwood.) Wiley. 560 pages. ISBN: 978-0-470-71434-8
  4. Wassmann, P., Carroll, J., Bellerby, R., 2008. Carbon flux and ecosystem feedback in the northern Barents Sea in an era of climate change: an introduction. Deep-Sea Research, 55:2143-2153.
  5. Carroll, J. & I. Lerche. (2003). Sedimentary Processes: Quantification using Radionuclides. Elsevier. 272 pp.
  6. Carroll, M.L. & J. Carroll. (2003). The Arctic Seas. In: Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems. (Ed. K.D. Black and G.B. Shimmield).  Blackwell Publishing. Pg. 127-156.
  7. Duursma, E.K., J. Carroll (1996).  Environmental compartments, equilibria and assessment of processes between air, water, sediments and biota.  Springer, Berlin, 277 pp.

Relevant publications – Research articles in peer-reviewed journals (from 2010-present):

  1. Lopez, J.L., Golemba, M., Hernández, E., Lozada, M., Dionisi, H., Jansson, J., Carroll, J., Lundgren, L., Sjöling, S., Mac Cormack, W.P. (2015) Microbial and viral-like rhodopsins in coastal marine sediments from four polar and subpolar regions: are rhodopsin segregated by geographic locations? Nature (submitted).
  2. Ambrose, W., Panieri, G., Carroll, M., Schneider, A., Plaza-Faverola, A., Carroll, M. L. Åström, E., Locke IV, W., Carroll, J. (2015) Bivalve shell horizons in seafloor pockmarks of the last glacial-interglacial transition suggest a thousand years of methane emissions in the Arctic Ocean, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (in review).
  3. Navarro, V.C., Jæger, I., Honkonen, J., Kukkonen, J., Camus, L., Carroll, J. (2015) Bioaccumulation, biotransformation and elimination of pyrene in the arctic crustacean Gammarus setosus (Amphipoda) at two temperatures Marine Environmental Research, (in press)
  4. Dijkstra, N., Junttila, J., Carroll, J., Husum, K., Hald, M. (2015) Natural variability of benthic foraminiferal assemblages and metal concentrations during the last 150 yrs in the Ingøydjupet trough, SW Barents Sea. Marine Micropaleontology (in press).
  5. Junttila, J., Carroll, J., Dijkstra, N. (2015) Variability of present and past PAH concentrations in sediments of the SW Barents Sea.  Norwegian Journal of Geology (in press).
  6. Junttila, J., Carroll, J., Husum, K., Dijkstra, N. (2014) Sediment transport and deposition in the Ingøydjupet trough, SW Barents Sea. Continental Shelf Research.76: 53-63.
  7. Dijkstra, N., Junttila, J., Carroll, J., Husum, K., Elvebakk, G., Godtliebsen, F. 2013. Baseline benthic foraminiferal assemblages and habitat conditions in a sub-Arctic region of increasing petroleum development. Marine Environmental Research 92:178-196.
  8. Olsen G.H., Klok C., Hendriks A.J., Geraudie P., De Hoop L., De Laender F., Farmen E., Grøsvik B.E., Hansen B.H., Hjorth M., Jansen C.R., Nordtug T., Ravagnan E., Viaene K., Carroll J. (2013). A synthesis of petroleum ecotoxicology data for selected cold-water species of fish and zooplankton. Journal of Environmental Research. 90: 9-17.
  9. Jensen, L.K., Jæger, I., Honkanen J., Carroll, JL (2012) Bioaccumulation of phenanthrene and benzo[a]pyrene in Calanus finmarchicus. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 78: 225-231.
  10. Carroll, J. and Smit, M. (2011) An integrated modeling framework for decision support in ecosystem-based management: case study Lofoten/Barents Sea. SPE International.
  11. Skarðhamar J, Reigstad M, Carroll J, Eiane K, Riser CW, Slagstad D. 2011. Effects of Mortality changes on biomass and production in Calanus spp. populations. Aquatic Biology. 12: 129-145.
  12. Reigstad M, Carroll J, Slagstad, D., Ellingsen, I., Wassman, P. 2011. Intra-regional comparison of productivity, carbon flux and ecosystem composition within the northern Barents Sea. Progress in Oceanography. 90:33-46.
  13. Olsen, G.H., Carroll, J., Dahle, S., Larsen, L.H., Camus, L. (2011). Challenges performing risk assessment in the Arctic. In: Lee K, Neff J (eds) Produced water: environmental risks and advances in mitigation technologies. Springer, New York, pp.  521-536.
  14. Olsen, G.H., Smit, M., Carroll, J., Jæger, I., Smith, T., Camus, L. 2011. Arctic versus temperate comparison of risk assessment metrics for 2-methyl-naphthalene. Marine Environmental Research. 72:179-187.
  15. Carroll, J. and Zaborska, A. 2010. Radioactivity in the Arctic Ocean and Arctic Shelf Seas. In: Radionuclides in the Environment. (Ed. D. Atwood.) Wiley. 560 pages. ISBN: 978-0-470-71434-8
  16. De Laender, F., Olsen, G.H., Grøsvik, B.E., Grung, M., Hansen, B.H., Hendriks, A.J., Janssen, C.R., Klok, C., Nortug, T., Smit, M., Carroll, J., Camus, L. 2011. Ecotoxicological mechanisms and models in an impact analysis tool for oil spills. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health.74:605-619.
  17. Carroll J, Lerche I. Sedimentary radioactive tracers and diffusive models. 2010. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. 101: 597-600.
  18. Hessen, D. O., Carroll, J., Kjeldstad, B., Korosov, A.A., Pettersson, L.H., Pozdnyakov, D., Sørensen, K. 2010. Input of organic carbon as determinant of nutrient fluxes, light, climate and productivity in the Ob and Yenisey estuaries. Est. & Cont. Shelf Science. 88:53-62.
  19. Maiti, K., Carroll, J., Benitz-Nelson, C. R., (2010).  Sedimentation and particle dynamics in the Barents Sea Marginal Ice Zone. Journal of Marine Systems. 79: 185-198.
  20. Jensen, L. K., Carroll, J. 2010. Experimental studies of reproduction and feeding for two Arctic dwelling Calanus species exposed to crude oil. Aquatic Biology. 10:261-271.
  21. Zaborska, A., Mietelski, J.W., Carroll, J., Papucci, C., Pempkowiak, J. 2010. Sources and distri-butions of 137Cs, 238Pu, and 239,240Pu in the northwestern Barents Sea. J. Environ Rad 101:323-331.

 

Photo of Michael Carroll

Michael Carroll

Senior researcher (Akvaplan-niva), Professor II (UiT)

Research interests: Arctic Benthic Biology and Ecology:
  • Benthic community structure and functioning
  • Climate variability and ecosystem forcing
  • Food web dynamics and trophic structure
  • Adaptations to environmental variability
  • Long-term community compositional changes in marine communities
  • Bivalve Sclerochronology.
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Akvaplan-nivaArctic R&D Work address Akvaplan-niva AS Fram Centre Tromsø 9296 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 75 03 18

Research interests:

Arctic Benthic Biology and Ecology:

  • Benthic community structure and functioning
  • Climate variability and ecosystem forcing
  • Food web dynamics and trophic structure
  • Adaptations to environmental variability
  • Long-term community compositional changes in marine communities
  • Bivalve Sclerochronology.

Running national and international projects:

  • “Exploring the role of oceanic and atmospheric forcing on Arctic marine climate from newly developed annual shell based records in coastal Norway”. U.S. National Science Foundation (International Partner)
  • “Reconstruction of Environmental Histories Using Long-Lived Bivalve Shells in the Norwegian Arctic (RELIC)”. Norwegian Research Council (Project Coordinator)
  • “Annually-resolved archives of marine climate change – development of molluscan sclerochronology for marine environmental monitoring and climatology (ARAMACC)”. EU 7th Framework, Marie Curie Initial Training Network (Associate Partner)
  • “Influence of pollution and climate variation in rivers and coastal waters indicated by freshwater and marine bivalves”. Fram Center Flagship Contaminants (Project Coordinator, Co-Principal Investigator)
  • “Effects of climate on cod life history and ecology along a temperate-arctic gradient (CODCHRON)”. Fram Center Flagship Fjord & Coast (Co-Principal Investigator)
  • “Life on the edge – Blue mussels on Svalbard” Fram Center Flagship Fjord & Coast (Collaborator)

Completed national and international projects:

  • “Ecosystem structure and use of marine resources from bivalve and fish bone proxies”. Fram Center Flagship Fjord & Coast (Project Coordinator, Co-Principal Investigator)
  • “Clams as climate and ecosystem recorders during the Holocene”. Fram Center Flagship Fjord & Coast (Project Coordinator)
  • “The Kongsfjord – HAUSGARTEN – transect case study:  Impact of climate change on Arctic marine community structures and food webs”. StatoilHydro (HERMES Program) (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Benthic Macrofauna: Environmental Variation Baselines and Effects of Stressors”. StatoilHydro (Project Coordinator, Principal Investigator).
  • “Historical Polar Front Transect”. StatoilHydro – ARCTOS Arctic Research Program. (Principal Investigator)
  • “Diet and Reproductive Output in Arctic Molluscs: the Importance of Ice Algae and Phytoplankton (DREAM)”. Norwegian Research Council, Norway-U.S. Bilateral Research Program for Polar Research (Project Coordinator, Principal Investigator).
  • “Norwegian Component of the Ecosystem Studies of Subarctic and Arctic Regions (NESSAR)”. Norwegian Research Council, International Polar Year Program (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Benthic community response to long term effects from exposure to offshore discharges”. Norwegian Research Council, PROOF Program (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Life at the edge:  Benthic communities at the Barents Sea ice edge in a changing climate (BASICC)”. Norwegian Research Council: East European Programme for Russia (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Carbon flux and ecosystem feed back in the northern Barents Sea in an era of climate change”. Norwegian Research Council: NORKLIMA Programme (20 million NOK, Awarded to Paul Wassmann, Norwegian College of Fisheries Sciences).  (Co-Principal Investigator; Scientific Steering Committee).
  • “Digestibility of ice algae and phytoplankton: The potential impacts of changing food supply to the arctic benthos”. Norwegian Research Council/National Science Foundation Joint U.S.-Norway Research
  • “On Thin Ice?  Climatic Influence on Energy Flow and Trophic Structure in Arctic Marine Ecosystems”. Norwegian Research Council: ARKTØK Programme. (Coordinator).
  • “Development of monitoring guidelines and modeling tools for environmental effects from Mediterranean aquaculture (MERAMED)”. EU 5th Framework: Quality of Life; Management of Living Resources (Co-Principal Investigator; Scientific Steering Committee).
  • “Trajectories of Marine Ecosystem Response to Arctic Climate Change:  A Barents-Bering Sea Comparison”.  International Arctic Research Center  (Fairbanks, Alaska USA) (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Environmental Status of the North Sea”. Norwegian Oil Industry Consortium (OLF). (Coordinator)
  • “Circumpolar Atlas of Resources at Risk From Oil Spills in the Arctic”.  EPPR working group of the Arctic Council. (Project Leader).

Relevant scientific publications:

  1. Åström, E.K.L., M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose, A. Sen, A. Silyakova. J. Carroll. 2017. Methane Cold Seeps as a Biological Oasis in the High-Arctic Deep-sea. Submitted to Limnology and Oceanography, April 2017
  2. Serov, P., S. Vadakkepuliyambatta, J. Mienert, H. Patton, A. Portnov, A. Silyakova, G. Panieri, M.L. Carroll, J. Carroll. 2017. Post-glacial collapse of an Arctic gas hydrate field in a warming world. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. doi/10.1073/pnas.1619288114
  3. Åström, E.K.L., P.G. Oliver, M.L. Carroll. 2017. A new Genus and two new Species of Thyasiridae Associated with Methane Seeps off Svalbard, Arctic Ocean. Marine Biology Research 4(13):402-416. DOI: 10.1080/17451000.2016.1272699
  4. Ballesta-Artero, I.; R. Witbaard; M.L. Carroll; van der Meer, J. 2017. Environmental factors regulating gaping activity of the bivalve Arctica islandica in Northern Norway. Marine Biology, 164: 116. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-017-3144-7
  5. Vihtakari, M, W.G. Ambrose Jr., P.E. Renaud, W.L. Locke, M.L. Carroll, J. Berge, L.J. Clarke, F. Cottier, H. Hop. 2016. A key to the past? Element ratios as environmental proxies in two Arctic bivalves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 465:316-332. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.10.020
  6. Steinhardt, J., P. Butler, M.L. Carroll, J. Hartley. 2016. The application of long-lived bivalve sclerochronology in environmental baseline monitoring. Frontiers in Maine Science, 3:176. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00176.
  7. Åström, E.K.L., M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose, J. Carroll. 2016. Arctic cold seeps in marine methane hydrate environments: Impacts on shelf macro-benthic community structure offshore Svalbard. Marine Ecology Progress Series 552:1-18.
  8. Vihtakari, M, P.E. Renaud, L.J. Clarke, M.J. Whitehouse, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose Jr. 2015. Decoding the Oxygen Isotope Signal for Seasonal Growth Patterns in Arctic Bivalves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (submitted July 2015).
  9. Ambrose Jr. W.G., G. Panieri, A. Schneider, A. Plaza-Faverola, M.L. Carroll, E. Åström, W.L. Locke IV, J. Carroll. 2015. Bivalve Shell Horizons in Seafloor Pockmarks of the Last Glacial-interglacial Transition Suggest a Thousand Years of Methane Emissions in the Arctic Ocean. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (revised October 2015)
  10. Mette, M.J., A.D. Wanamaker Jr., M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose Jr., M.J. Retelle. 2015. Linking large-scale climate variability with Arctica islandica shell growth and geochemistry in northern Norway. Limnology and Oceanography (accepted, October 2015)
  11. Ambrose, W.G., L. Clough, J. Johnson, M. Greenacre, D. Griffith, M. Carroll, A. Whiting 2014. Interpreting environmental change in coastal Alaska using traditional and scientific ecological knowledge. Front. Mar. Sci. 1:40. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2014.00040
  12. Potts, T., B. Valcic, J. Carroll, M.L. Carroll. 2014. The Practicalities of the Ecosystem Approach in the Barents Sea: The ECOBAR project. Chapter 26 In: The Limits of Marine Jurisdiction.  C. Schofield, S. Lee and M.-S. Kwan (eds). Brill Academic Publishing, Leiden. ISBN: 9789004262584
  13. Carroll, M.L., W.G. Ambrose, W.L. Locke, S.K. Ryan, B.J. Johnson. 2014. Bivalve growth rate and isotopic variability across the Barents Sea Polar Front. Journal of Marine Systems 130:167-180.
  14. Søreide, J.E., M.L. Carroll, H. Hop, W.G. Ambrose, E.N. Hegseth, S. Falk-Petersen. 2013. Trophic structures and carbon flows in Arctic and Atlantic waters around Svalbard revealed by stable isotopic and fatty acid tracers.  Marine Biology Research 9:831-850.
  15. Henkes, G.A. B.H. Passey, A.D. Wanamaker Jr., E.L. Grossman, W.G. Ambrose Jr., M.L. Carroll 2013. Carbonate clumped isotope compositions of modern marine mollusk and brachiopod shells. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 106:307-325.
  16. Carroll, M.L., W.G. Ambrose 2012. Benthic Infaunal Community Variability on the Northern Svalbard Shelf. Polar Biology 35:1259-1272. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-012-1171
  17. Ambrose, W.G., P.E. Renaud, W.E. Locke, F. Cottier, J. Berge, M.L. Carroll, B.S. Levin, S. Ryan, 2012. Growth line deposition and variability in growth of two circumpolar bivalves (Serripes groenlandicus and Clinocardium ciliatum). Polar Biology 35:345-354. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-011-1080-4
  18. Carroll, M.L., W.G. Ambrose, B.S. Levin, W.E. Locke, G.A. Henkes, H. Hop, P.E. Renaud. 2011. Pan-Svalbard growth rate variability and environmental regulation in the Arctic bivalve Serripes groenlandicus. Journal of Marine Systems 88: 239-251. doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2011.04.010
  19. Piepenburg, D., Archambault, P., Ambrose, W.G., Blanchard, A., Bluhm, B., Carroll, M.L., Conlan, K., Cusson, M., Feder, H., Grebmeier, J.M., Jewett, S., Lévesque, M., Petryashev, V.V., Sejr, M.K., Sirenko, B.I., Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, M. 2011. The biodiversity of the benthic macro- and megafauna of Arctic shelf seas – a pan-Arctic synopsis of magnitude and patterns. Marine Biodiversity 41:51-70. doi: 10.1007/s12526-010-0059-7
  20. Carroll, M.L., W.G. Ambrose Jr., B.S. Levin, A.R. Ratner, S.K. Ryan, G.A. Henkes. 2011. Climatic Regulation of Clinocardium ciliatum (bivalvia) growth in the northwestern Barents Sea. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 302:10-20. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.06.001
  21. Sun, M.-Y., L.M. Clough, M.L. Carroll, J. Dai, W.G. Ambrose, G.R. Lopez. 2009. Different responses of two common Arctic macrobenthic species (Macoma balthica and Monoporeia affinis) to phytoplankton and ice algae: Will climate change impacts be species specific? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 376:110-121. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2009.06.018
  22. Carroll, M.L., B. Johnson, G.A. Henkes, K.W. McMahon, A. Voronkov, W.G. Ambrose Jr., S.G. Denisenko. 2009. Bivalves as indicators of environmental variation and potential anthropogenic impacts in the southern Barents Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin 59:193-206. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.02.022.
  23. Carroll, M.L., S.G. Denisenko, P.E. Renaud, W.G. Ambrose Jr. 2008. Benthic Infauna of the Seasonally Ice-Covered Western Barents Sea: Patterns and relationships to environmental forcing. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2340-2351. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.022
  24. Carroll, J., A. Zaborska, C. Papucci, A. Schirone, M.L. Carroll, J. Pempkowiak. 2008. Accumulation of organic carbon in western Barents Sea sediments. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2361-2371. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.005
  25. Renaud, P.E, N. Morata, M.L. Carroll, S.G. Denisenko, M. Reigstad. 2008. Pelagic-benthic coupling in the western Barents Sea: Processes and time scales. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2372-2380. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.017
  26. Søreide, J.E., E.N. Hegseth, S. Falk-Petersen, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll, K.A. Hobson, K. Blachowiak-Samolyk, and K. Dmoch. 2008. Seasonal feeding strategies of Calanus in the high-Arctic Svalbard region. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2225-2244. doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.024
  27. Tamelander, T., M. Reigstad, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll, P. Wassmann. 2008.  Pelagic and sympagic contribution of organic matter to zooplankton and vertical export in the Barents Sea marginal ice zone. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2330-2339. doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.019
  28. Zaborska, A., J. Carroll, C. Papucci, L. Torriceli, M.L. Carroll, J. Walkusz-Miotk, J. Pempkowiak. 2008. Recent sediment accumulation rates for the western margin of the Barents Sea. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2352-2360. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.026.
  29. Carroll, M.L., S.G. Denisenko, A. Voronkov, W.G. Ambrose Jr., G. Henkes, S. Bosheim, B. Fredheim, T.R. Gulbrandsen. 2008. Arctic bivalves as indicators of environmental variation. Proceedings of the SPE 9th International Conference on Health Safety and Environment. 15-17 April 2008, Nice, France. SPE111-558.
  30. Renaud, P.E., M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose Jr. 2008. Effects of global warming on Arctic sea-floor communities and its consequences for higher trophic levels. In: Duarte C. (ed.) Effects of global warming on polar ecosystems. Proceedings of 2nd Debate of the BBVA Foundation. Fundacion BBVA, Madrid, pp. 139-178. (in English and Spanish). ISBN: 978-84-96515-74-1
  31. Coyle, K.O., B. Konar, A. Blanchard, R.C. Highsmith, J. Carroll, M.L. Carroll, S.G. Denisenko, B.I. Sirenko. 2007.  Potential effects of temperature on the benthic infaunal community on the southeastern Bering Sea shelf: Possible impacts of climate change. Deep Sea Research II 54:2885-2905. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.08.025
  32. Sun, M.-Y., M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose, L.M. Clough, L. Zou, G.R. Lopez. 2007. Rapid consumption of phytoplankton and ice algae by Arctic soft-sediment benthic communities: evidence using natural and 13C-labeled food materials. Journal of Marine Research 65:561-588.
  33. Olsen, G.H., M.L. Carroll, P.E. Renaud, W.G. Ambrose, R. Olssøn, J. Carroll. 2007.  Benthic community response to petroleum-associated components in arctic versus temperate marine sediments. Marine Biology 151:2167-2176. DOI 10.1007/s00227-007-0650-z
  34. Denisenko, S.G., S. Cochrane, M.L. Carroll, C. Emblow, S. Dahle. 2006. Zoobenthos distribution and vertical flux of organic carbon in the Barents Sea:  Preliminary results of 2003 expedition on RV “Ivan Petrov”.  Proceedings of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences 310:35-44.
  35. Wassmann, P., M. Reigstad, T. Haug, B. Rudels, M.L. Carroll, H. Hop, G.W. Gabrielsen, S. Falk-Petersen, S.G. Denisenko, E. Arashkevich, D. Slagstad, O. Pavlova.  2006. Food web and carbon flux in the Barents Sea. Progress in Oceanography 71:232-287.
  36. Beuchel, F., B. Gulliksen, M.L. Carroll. 2006. Long-term patterns of rocky-bottom macrobenthic community structure in an Arctic fjord (Kongsfjorden, Svalbard) in relation to climate variability (1980-2003). Journal of Marine Systems 63:35-48.
  37. Søreide, J.E., H. Hop, S. Falk-Petersen, E.N. Hegseth, M.L. Carroll. 2006. Seasonal food web dynamics and sympagic-pelagic coupling in the European Arctic Marginal Ice Zone revealed by stable isotopes and a two-source mixing model. Progress in Oceanography 71:59-87.
  38. Ambrose, W.G., M.L. Carroll, M. Greenacre, S. Thorrold, K. McMahon. 2006. Variation in Serripes groenlandicus (Bivalvia) growth in a Norwegian high-Arctic fjord: Evidence for local- and large-scale climatic forcing. Global Change Biology 12:1595-1607.
  39. Tamelander, T., J.E. Søreide, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll. 2006. Fractionation of stable isotopes in the Arctic marine copepod Calanus glacialis: effects on the isotopic composition of marine biogenic matter. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 333:231-240.
  40. Tamelander, T., P.E. Renaud, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose, K.E. Hobson. 2006. Trophic relationships and pelagic-benthic coupling during summer in the Barents Sea Marginal Ice Zone revealed by stable carbon and nitrogen isotope measurements. Marine Ecology Progress Series 310:33-46.
  41. McMahon, K.W., W.G. Ambrose, B.J. Johnson, M.Y. Sun, G.R. Lopez, L.M. Clough, M.L. Carroll. 2006. Benthic community response to ice algae and phytoplankton in Ny Ålesund, Svalbard. Marine Ecology Progress Series 310:1-14. (Feature Article)
  42. Carroll, M.L., S. Cochrane, R. Fieler, R. Velvin, and P. White. 2003. Organic Enrichment of Sediments from Salmon Farming in Norway: Environmental Factors, Management Practices, and Monitoring Techniques.  Aquaculture 226(1-4):156-180.
  43. Carroll, M.L. and J. Carroll. 2003. The Arctic Seas.  In: Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems.  K. Black and G. Shimmield (eds).  Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford UK. pp 127-156
  44. Carroll, J., F. Boisson, J.-L Teyssie, S.E. King, M. Krosshavn, M.L. Carroll, S.W. Fowler, P.P. Povinec and M.S. Baxter. 1999. Distribution coefficients (Kds) for use in risk assessment models of the Kara Sea.  Applied Radiation and Isotopes 51:121-129.
  45. Miquel, J.C., Carroll, M., and Jeandel, C. 1998. Seasonal trend in particulate carbon flux at the time-series site Kerfix in the Southern Ocean. Annales Geophysicae Part II Hydrology, Oceans & Atmosphere 16 (Suppl.): 549.
  46. Carroll, M.L., J.-C. Miquel and S.W. Fowler. 1998. Seasonal patterns and depth-specific trends of zooplankton fecal pellet fluxes in the northwest Mediterranean Sea. Deep-Sea Research (Part 1) 45:1303-1318.
  47. Carroll, M.L. 1996. Barnacle population dynamics and recruitment regulation in southcentral Alaska.  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 199:285-302.
  48. Carroll, M.L. and R.C. Highsmith. 1996. Role of catastrophic disturbance in mediating NucellaMytilus interactions in the Alaskan rocky intertidal.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 138:125-133.
  49. Carroll, M.L. and D. Wethey. 1990. Predator foraging behavior: Effect of a novel prey species on prey selection by a marine intertidal gastropod.  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 139:101-117.

Popular science and reports:

  1. Carroll, M.L. 2011. Old Clams Provide New Insight About Arctic Change. ICE Center Lance Cruise Blog – 2011. http://ice.npolar.no/no/nyheter/arkiv/2011/2011-05-16-blogfromlance.html
  2. Carroll, M.L. 2009. Of Clams and Climate: What Bivalves Can Tell Us about Arctic Environmental Histories. Polar Research in Tromsø 2008:5-6.
  3. Carroll, M.L. 2007.  Environmental Baseline and Natural Variations in the Central and Eastern Barents Sea – Project 2: Bivalves as indicators of environmental variation from intra-annual to centennial timescales. Akvaplan-niva Report 3659.01, 21 pp.
  4. Carroll, M.L., G. Pedersen, L. Camus. 2006.  Use of research results to update environmental management tools used in petroleum operations in the European Arctic. Akvaplan-niva Report 433.3473, 44 pp.
  5. B. Røsjø. 2006. Alger i isen. Bladet Forskning 2/06:18-19. (Translated title: Ice Algae)
  6. Carroll, M.L., G. Pedersen. 2005.  Mapping of Resources in the Littora Zone at Ingøy, October 2004. Akvaplan-niva Report 444,3169, 21pp
  7. Carroll, M. 2005.  Årranger i skjell gir nyttig informasjon i klimaforskningen. Norwegian Institute of Water Research (NIVA) 2004 Annual Report. pp. 31-33. (Translated title: Annual rings in bivalves provides useful information in climate research)
  8. Clough, L., W. Ambrose, M. Carroll, G. Lopez, M.-Y. Sun. 2005. Digestibility of Ice Algae and Phytoplankton: Does food type impact the Arctic benthos? Witness the Arctic, Winter 2004/05 Issue 11(2): 11.
  9. Nyberg, K., 2004.  “Dining on the Scum of the Earth”. VECO Polar Resources Weekly Newsletter.  August, 1, 2004.
  10. Park, I., N. Bell and M. Carroll. 2002.  Assessment of the Actual Present Environmental Impact of Representative OBM and WBM Cuttings Piles.  A Report for the UKOOA Drill Cuttings Joint Industry Project: R & D Programme 2B.  BMT Cordah Ltd., Report UKO016/2001. Aberdeen, Scotland.  63 pp.
  11. Carroll, M.L., T. Pearson, E. Dragsund, and K.L. Gabrielsen. 2000. Environmental Status of the Norwegian Offshore Sector Based on the Petroleum Regional Monitoring Programme, 1996-1998. The Norwegian Oil Industry Association Report APN 411.1777.04, 39 pp. ISBN: 82-449-0053-9.
  12. Carroll, M.L., O. Sochnev, T. Savinova, and J Kögeler. 1999. Coastal Sensitivity Mapping in the Pechora Sea:  Phase I – Technical Background and Methodological Approach. Akvaplan-niva Report 444.1661, 58 pp.
  13. Carroll, M.L., A. Evenset, J. Kögeler, J.N. Langfelt and T. Johansson. 1999. Restoration of chemically polluted beaches – Theoretical background for recommended practical measures and organization. Akvaplan-niva Report 444.1350, 90 pp. (In Norwegian)
  14. Carroll, J., Cochrane, S., Carroll, M., Dahle, S., Iosjpe, M., Strand, P. 1999. Does benthic community structure influence radionuclide incorporation into the food web? in Marine Pollution, Proceedings of a symposium held in Monaco, 5-9 October 1998. IAEA-TECDOC-1094. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna. p. 313-315.
  15. Miquel, J-C., Fowler., Hamilton T., Heilmann, J., La Rosa, J., Carroll, M. 1999. Carbon Fluxes and export in the northern and middle Adriatic Sea measured with drifting sediment traps. In: The Adriatic Sea, Ecosystem Research Report 32, EUR 18834, European Commission, Brussels, Belgium pp. 509-524.
  16. Mannvik, H.-P., T. Pearson, M. Carroll, A. Pettersen, K.L. Gabrielsen and R Palerud. 1998. Environmental Monitoring Survey, Region II:  Main Report.  Akvaplan-niva Report 411.1224-1, 250 pp+appendix.
  17. Carroll, M.L., L.-H. Larsen, H. Goodwin, R. Palerud, K. Kovacs, G. Pedersen, P. Friis and P. Andersen. 1998. An Appraisal of the Marine Environment of Southwest Greenland (62-67N) – Main Report.  Akvaplan-niva Report 411-1288.1, 69 pp. ISBN: 82-449-0043-1 (In English, Danish, and Greenlandic).
  18. Carroll, M.L., A. Evenset, K. Johnsen and R. Palerud. 1998. Mapping of vulnerable coastal areas and aquaculture sites in Western Finnmark. Akvaplan-niva Report 433.1400, 57 pp. (In Norwegian).
  19. Carroll, M.L., J. Kögeler and S.S.A. Knuttson. 1998. Shorelines and associated natural resources in the Chukai-Dungun region (Terengganu, Malaysia), 1998:  Environmental sensitivity to oil spills and recommendations for cleanup.  Akvaplan-niva Report 444.1281, 116 pp + 5 maps.
  20. Carroll, M.L., J.O. Bustnes and S. Simmons. 1997. Qualitative resource appraisal of flora and faunal of Melkøya. Akvaplan-niva Report 421.1246, 33pp. (In Norwegian).
  21. Miquel, J-C., Carroll, M., La Rosa, J., Guidi-Guilvard, L. 1997. Evolution journalière des flux particulaires et de carbone à une station fixe pendant Dynaproc: contribution du phyto- et zooplancton Fascicule DYNAPROC / JGOFS-France 36-42.

Outreach:

 

Photo of Marvin Choquet

Marvin Choquet

Researcher

Current status: I am employed in a temporary position as a researcher at Nord University to continue the projects started during my PhD and to publish more papers.…Read More
University of NordlandFaculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture Work address University of Nordland Postbox 1490 Bodø 8049 Norway Work Phone: +47 94 89 08 53

Current status:

I am employed in a temporary position as a researcher at Nord University to continue the projects started during my PhD and to publish more papers. In December 2017, I defended my PhD at Nord University, entitled “Combining ecological and molecular approaches to redefine the baseline knowledge of the genus Calanus in the North Atlantic and the Arctic Oceans”.

Research Interests:

  • Identification and distribution of Calanus species in the North Atlantic and the Arctic Oceans, using molecular tools
  • Mitochondrial genome and phylogeography of Calanus glacialis
  • Population genomics of Calanus finmarchicus and glacialis
  • Phenology, vertical distribution and dynamics of four Calanus species in a boreal fjord
  • Hybridization within Calanus genus

Publications:

  1. Choquet, K. Kosobokova, S. Kwasniewski, M. Hatlebakk, A. K. S. Dhanasiri, W. Melle, C. Svensen, J. E. Søreide, G. Hoarau. Can morphology reliably distinguish between the copepods Calanus finmarchicus and C. glacialis, or is DNA the only way? Limnology & Oceanography: Methods. 2018.
  2. Bucklin, K. DiVito, I. Smolina, M. Choquet, J. M. Questel, G. Hoarau, R. J. O’Neill. Population Genomics of Marine Zooplankton – Chapter 19 in: Population Genomics: Marine Organisms. Book, Springer. 2018.
  3. Choquet, M. Hatlebakk, A. K. S. Dhanasiri, K. Kosobokova, I. Smolina, J. E. Søreide, C. Svensen, W. Melle, S. Kwasniewski, K. Eiane, M. Daase, V. Tverberg, S. Skreslet, A. Bucklin, G. Hoarau. Genetics redraws pelagic biogeography of Calanus. Biology Letters. 2017.
  4. Choquet, H. J. Alves Monteiro, J. Bengtsson-Palme & G. Hoarau. The complete mitochondrial genome of the copepod Calanus glacialis. Mitochondrial DNA Part B, 2:2, 506-507. 2017.