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Photo of Marit Reigstad

Marit Reigstad

Professor

Research interests: Marine plankton ecology and flux of organic matter Main focus: Fate of primary production through vertical carbon export and regulation and physical-biological coupling influencing production and export.…Read More
UiT The Arctic University of NorwayArctic and Marine Biology Work address Department of Arctic and Marine Biology Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø 9037 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 64 45 25 Website: Research group Arctic Marine System Ecology Website: UiT employee presentation

Research interests:

Marine plankton ecology and flux of organic matter

Main focus: Fate of primary production through vertical carbon export and regulation and physical-biological coupling influencing production and export.

I started my career in fjords, investigating how the pelagic plankton community regulated vertical flux of organic matter, seasonality, and the impact of advection on fjord ecology. Since 2000, I have worked in the Arctic seasonal ice zone on how the physical environment impacts plankton productivity and communities and the resulting vertical flux of organic matter. I have used short term sediment traps for flux studies, experimental studies on particle attenuation and modification, and physical-biological coupled modeling for up-scaling to larger temporal and spatial scales, as well as to evaluate specific processes and interactions.

Student project opportunities:

Examples of completed PhD and Master projects:

  • Christine Dybwad (2016): Fate of production in the Arctic seasonal ice zone (MSc)
  • Ingrid Wiedmann (2015): Potential drivers of the downward carbon and particle flux in Arctic marine ecosystems under contrasting hydrographical and ecological situations (PhD)
  • Maria Therese Antonsen (2014): Annual population dynamics of the small harpacticoid copepod Microsetella norvegica in a high latitude fjord (Balsfjord, Northern Norway) (MSc)
  • Hildur Petursdottir (2012): Trophic relationships and the role of Calanus in the oceanic ecosystems south and north of Iceland (PhD)
  • Anette Wold (2012): Calanus glacialis: The role of lipids in the life cycle and for the pelagic food web (PhD)
  • Lena Seuthe (2011): Planktonic food webs in the Arctic Ocean: Structure and function in contrasting seasons and physical settings across Fram Strait (PhD)
  • Helene Hodal (2011): Primary production and the relevance of small autotrophic and heterotrophic cells in Arctic marine ecosystems (PhD)
  • Kriss Rokkan Iversen (2011): The microbial food web in a changing Arctic Ocean: Seasonal structure and function, regulatory mechanisms and carbon dynamics in Svalbard waters (PhD)

Running national and international projects:

  • CarbonBridge: Bridging marine productivity regimes: How Atlantic inflow affects productivity, carbon cycling and export in a melting Arctic Ocean, 2014-2017, NFR (Lead PI)
  • The Nansen Legacy, a national project initiative on drivers and functions of the ecosystem in the northern Barents Sea region (Lead PI), initiating phase 2014-2017, planned project phase 2018-2023
  • A-TWAIN: Monitoring of Atlantic inflow to the Arctic Ocean. Fram Centre Flagship project, 2011-
  • Transsiz: Transitions in the Arctic seasonal ice zone, Polarstern expedition initiated through the IASC endorsed ‘Arctic in Rapid Transition’ network
  • FAABulous: Future Arctic Algae Blooms – and their role in the context of climate change, 2015-2018, NFR
  • NorLUS: Spatiotemporal distribution and abundance of salmon lice in Norther Norwegian fjords, 2015-2017, Regional Forskningsfond

Completed national and international projects:

  • CONFLUX on vertical flux regulation (Tromsø Forskningsstiftelse, 2010-2013), Lead PI, researcher
  • iAOOS Norway: Closing the loop (NFR, 2007-2009), WP-leader
  • Arctic Calanus in the Barents Sea Ecosystem (StatoilHydro, 2006-2008), WP leader
  • CABANERA – Carbon flux and ecosystem feedback in the northern Barents Sea in an era of climate change. (NFR, 2003-2006), Co-leader. Post doc/ researcher
  • MACESIZ – Marine climate and ecosystems in the seasonal ice zone (NFR, 2003-2006), researcher
  • GLIMPSE – Global implications of Arctic climate processes and feedbacks (EU, 2003-2006), researcher
  • FAMIZFood web uptake of persistent organic pollutants in the Arctic Marginal Ice Zone of the Barents Sea (EU, 2001-2002), researcher
  • ALV – Climate change and carbon flux in the marginal ice zone of the European Arctic (NFR, 1998-2000), short stipend from UiT associated to the project
  • Program on Norwegian Coastal Ecology (NFR, 1995-2000), PhD project
  • Program on Marine Pollution (NTNF, 1994-95), scientific assistant
  • Pelagic eutrophication and sedimentation in the Bight of Riga (Nordic Council of Ministers, 1993-1996), scientific assistant

Relevant scientific publications (see also Google Scholar, ORCid, ResearcherID):

  1. Marquardt M, Vader A, Stübner E, Reigstad M, Gabrielsen T (2016). Strong seasonality of marine microbial eukaryotes in a high-Arctic fjord (Isfjorden, West Spitsbergen). Appl Environ Microbiol 82:1868–1880
  2. Stübner E, Søreide J, Reigstad M, Marquardt M, Blachowiak-Samolyk K (2016) Common strangers – seasonal meroplankton dynamics in high-Arctic Adventfjorden, Svalbard. J Plankton Res. doi:10.1093/plankt/fbv124
  3. Wiedmann I, Reigstad M, Marquardt M, Vader A, Gabrielsen T (2016). Vertical flux seasonality in an ice-free high Arctic fjord – different from sub-Arctic fjords? J Mar Systems 154: 192-205
  4. Holding JM, Duarte CM, Sanz-Martín M, Mesa E, Arrieta JM, Chierici M, Hendriks IE, García-Corral LS, Regaudie-de-GiouxA, Delgado A, Reigstad M, Wassmann P, and Agustí S (2015). Temperature dependence of CO2-enhanced primary production in the European Arctic Ocean. Nature Climate Change.
  5. Tremblay JE, Anderson LG, Matrai P, Coupel P, Belanger S, Michel C, Reigstad, M (2015). Global and local drivers of nutrient supply, primary production and CO2 drawdown in the changing Arctic Ocean. Progress in Oceanography 139: 171-196
  6. Michel C, Hamilton J, Hansen E, Barber D, Reigstad M, Iocozza J, Seuthe L, Niemi A (2015). Arctic Ocean outflow shelves in the changing Arctic: A review and perspectives. Progress in Oceanography 139: 66-88
  7. Randelhoff A, Sundfjord A, Reigstad M (2015). Seasonal variability and fluxes of nitrate in the surface waters over the Arctic shelf slope. Geophysical Research Letters. doi: 10.1002/2015GL063655
  8. Findlay HS, Gibson G, Kędra M, Morata N, Orchowska M, Pavlov AK, Reigstad M, Silyakova A, Tremblay J-E, Walczowski W, Weydmann A, Wood C (2015). Responses in Arctic marine carbon cycle processes: conceptual scenarios & implications for ecosystem function. Polar Res. 34, 24252, http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/polar.v34.24252
  9. Wiedmann I, Reigstad M, Sundfjord A, Basedow SL (2014) Potential Drivers of Sinking Particle’s Size Spectra and vertical flux of particulate organic carbon (POC): Turbulence, phytoplankton and zooplankton. JGR ocean. 119 (10): 6900–6917. DOI: 1002/2013JC009754
  10. Svensen C, Morata N, Reigstad M (in press). Increased degradation of copepod faecal pellets by co-acting dinoflagellates and Centropages hamatus. Mar Ecol. Prog. Ser.
  11. Lydersen C, Assmy P, Falk-Petersen S, Kohler J, Kovacs K, Reigstad M, Steen H, Strøm H, Sundfjord A, Varpe Ø, Walcowski W, Weslawski JM, Zajaczkowski M (2014). The importance of tidewater glaciers for marine mammals and seabirds in Svalbard, Norway. J Mar Systems 129: 452-471.
  12. Vaquer Sunyer R, Duarte CM, Holding J, Regaudie-de Gioux AGarcía-Corral LS, Reigstad M Wassmann P (2013). Seasonal patterns in Arctic planktonic metabolism (Fram Strait – Svalbard region). Biogeosciences 10: 1451-1469.
  13. Tamelander T, Reigstad M, Olli K, Slagstad D, Wassmann P (2013). New Production Regulates Export Stoichiometry in the Ocean. PLOS ONE 8(1): e54027. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054027
  14. Hunt GL Jr, Blanchard AL, Boveng P, Dalpadado P, Drinkwater K, Eisnere L, Hopcroft R, Kovacs KM, Norcross BL, Renaud PE, Reigstad M, Renner M, Skjoldal HR, Whitehouse A, Woodgate RA (2013). The Barents and Chukchi Seas: Comparison of two Arctic shelf ecosystems. Journal of Marine Systems 109-110: 43-68.
  15. Svensen C, Wexels Riser C, Reigstad M, Seuthe L (2012). Degradation of copepod faecal pellets in the upper layer: role of microbial community and Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus). MEPS. 462: 39-49
  16. Hodal H, Kristiansen S, Hop H, Falk Petersen S, Reigstad M (2012). Spring bloom dynamics in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard: Nutrients, phytoplankton, protozoans and primary production. Polar Biology 35:191-203. DOI 10.1007/s00300-011-1053-7
  17. Wassmann P, Reigstad M (2011). Future Arctic Ocean seasonal ice zones and implications for pelagic-benthic coupling. Oceanography 24: 220-231.
  18. Seuthe L, Töpper B, Reigstad M, Thyrhaug R, Vaquer-Suñer R (2011). Microbial communities and processes in ice-covered Arctic waters of the northwestern Fram Strait (75-80°N) during the vernal pre-bloom phase. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 64: 253-266. doi: 10.3354/ame01525
  19. Skardhamar J, Reigstad M, Carroll J, Eiane K, Wexels Riser C, Slagstad D (2011). Effects of mortality changes on biomass and production in Calanus populations. Aquatic Biology 12: 129-145.
  20. Reigstad M, Carroll J, Slagstad D, Ellingsen I, Wassmann P (2011). Intra-regional comparison of productivity, carbon flux and ecosystem composition within the northern Barents Sea. Prog. Oceanogr. 90: 33-46. doi:1016/j.pocean.2011.02.005
  21. Mauritzen, C., E. Hansen, M. Andersson, B. Berx, A. Beszczynska-Möller, I. Burud, K. Christensen, G. Dalsbø, J. Debernard, L. DeSteur, P. Dodd, S. Gerland, Ø. Godøy, B. Hansen, S. Hudson, F. Høydalsvik, R. Ingvaldsen P.E. Isachsen, Y. Kasajima, I. Koszalka, K. M. Kovacs, M. Køltzow, J. LaCasce, C. M. Lee, T. Lavergne, Christian Lydersen, M. Nicolaus, F. Nilsen, O.A. Nøst, K.A. Orvik, Reigstad, H. Schyberg, L. Seuthe, Ø. Skagseth, J. Skarðhamar, R. Skogseth, A. Sperrevik, C. Svensen, H. Søiland, S.H. Teigen, V. Tverberg, C. Wexels Riser (2011). Closing the Loop – Approaches to monitoring the state of the Arctic Mediterranean during the International Polar Year 2007-2008. Prog. Oceanogr. 90: 62-89.
  22. Kivimäe C, Bellerby RGJ, Fransson, A, Reigstad M, Johannesssen, T (2010). A carbon budget for the Barents Sea. Deep-Sea Research I 57:1532-1542. doi:10.1016/ j.dsr.2010.05.006.
  23. Vaquer-Suñer R, Duarte CM, Santiago R, Wassmann P, Reigstad M (2010). Experimental Evaluation of planktonic respiration response to warming in the European Arctic Sector. Polar Biol. 33(12): 1661-1671.
  24. Wexels Riser C, Reigstad M, Wassmann P (2010). Zooplankton mediated carbon export: a seasonal study in a northern Norwegian fjord. Marine Biology Research 6: 461-471.
  25. Tamelander T, Reigstad M, Ratkova T, Hop H (2009) Ice algal assemblages and vertical export of organic matter from sea ice in the Barents Sea and Nansen Basin (Arctic Ocean). Polar Biology 32: 1261-1273.
  26. Reigstad M, Wexels Riser C, Wassmann P, Ratkova TN (2008) Vertical export of particulate organic carbon: Attenuation, composition and loss rates in the northern Barents Sea. Deep-Sea Research II 55 (21-22): 2308-2319
  27. Wexels Riser C, Wassmann P, Reigstad M, Seuthe L (2008). Vertical flux regulation by zooplankton in the northern Barents Sea during Arctic spring. Deep-Sea Research II 55 (20-21): 2320-2329
  28. Pasternak A, Arashkevich E, Reigstad M, Wassmann P, Falk-Petersen S (2008). Dividing mesozooplankton into upper and lower size groups: applications to the grazing impact in the MIZ of the Barents Sea. Deep-Sea Research II 55 (20-21): 2245-2256
  29. Renaud PE, Morata N, Carroll ML, Denisenko SG, Reigstad M (2008). Pelagic-benthic coupling in the western Barents Sea: Processes and time scales. Deep-Sea Research II 55 (20-21): 2372-2380
  30. Tamelander T, Reigstad M, Hop H, Carroll M (2008). Pelagic and sympagic contribution of organic matter to zooplankton and vertical export in the Barents Sea marginal ice zone. Deep-Sea Research II 55 (20-21): 2330-2339
  31. Morozov A, Arashkevich E, Reigstad M, Falk-Petersen,S (2008). Influence of spatial heterogeneity on the type of zooplankton functional response: A study based on field observations. Deep Sea Research Part II 55 (20-21), 2285-2291.
  32. Pedersen T, Nilsen M, Nilssen EM, Berg E, Reigstad M (2008). Trophic model of a lightly exploited cod-dominated ecosystem. Ecological Modeling 214: 95-111.
  33. Reigstad M & Wassmann P (2007) Does Phaeocystis contribute significantly to vertical export of organic carbon? Biogeochemistry 83: 217-234
  34. Gasparovic B, Plavsic M, Boskovic N, Cosovic B. Reigstad M (2007) Organic matter characterization in Barents Sea and eastern Arctic Ocean during summer. Marine Chemistry 105: 151-165.
  35. Wexels Riser C, Reigstad M, Wassmann P, Arashkevich E, Falk-Petersen, S (2007). Export or retention? Copepod abundance, faecal pellet production and vertical flux in the marginal ice zone through snap shots from the northern Barents Sea. Polar Biology, 30: 719-730
  36. Olli K, Wassmann P, Reigstad M, Ratkova TN., Arashkevich E, Pasternak A, Matrai P, Knulst J, Tranvik L., Haarakalju R, Jakobsen A (2007). The fate of production in the central Arctic Ocean – top-down regulation by zooplankton expatriates? Progress in Oceanography, 72 (1), 84-113.
  37. Wassmann P, Reigstad M, Haug T, Rudels B., Carrol ML, Hop H, Gabrielsen GW, Falk-Petersen S, Denisenko SG, Arashkevich E, Slagstad D, Pavlova O (2006). Food webs and carbon flux in the Barents Sea. Progress in Oceanography, 71 (2-4), 232-287.
  38. Belviso S, Thouzeau G, Schmidt S, Reigstad M, Wassmann P, Arashkevich E, Stefels J (2006) Significance of vertical flux as a sink for surface water DMPS and as a source for the sediment surface in coastal zones of northern Europe. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 68: 473-488
  39. Sobek A, Reigstad M, Gustavsson Ö (2006). Partitioning of polychlorinated biphenyls between Arctic seawater and size-fractionated zooplankton. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 25(7): 1720-1728
  40. Wassmann P, Slagstad D, Wexels Riser C, Reigstad M (2006). Modelling the ecosystem dynamics of the marginal ice zone and central Barents Sea. II. Carbon flux and climate variability. Journal of Marine Systems 59: 1-24
  41. Reigstad M, Wexels Riser C, Svensen C (2005). Fate of copepod faecal pellets and the role of Oithona Mar Ecol Prog Ser 304: 265-270
  42. Wassmann P, Ratkova T, Reigstad M (2005). The contribution of single and colonial cells of Phaeocystis pouchetii to spring and summer blooms in the north-eastern North Atlantic. Harmful Algae 4(5): 823-840
  43. Gasparovic B, Plavcic M, Cosovic B, Reigstad M (2005). Organic matter characterization and fate in the subarctic Norwegian fjords during late spring/summer period. Estuarine Coast Shelf Science 62: 95-107
  44. Reigstad M, Wexels Riser C, Øygarden S, Wassmann P, Rey F (2002) Variation in hydrography, nutrients and chlorophyll a in the marginal ice zone and the central Barents Sea. Journal of Marine Systems 38: 9-29
  45. Hamm C, Reigstad M, Wexels Riser C, Mühlebach A, Wassmann P (2001). On the trophic fate of Phaeocystis pouchetii VIII: Differential sedimentation of diatom- and Phaeocystis-derived organic matter via krill fecal strings during a Phaeocystis bloom in the Balsfjord, Northern Norway. Marine Ecology Progress Series 209: 55-69
  46. Reigstad M, Wassmann P, Ratkova T, Arashkevich E, Pasternak A, Øygarden S (2000) Comparative spring vertical export of biogenic matter in north Norwegian fjords. Marine Ecology Progress Series 201: 73-89
  47. Wassmann P, Reigstad M, Øygarden S, Rey F (2000). Seasonal variation in hydrography, nutrients and suspended biomass in a subarctic fjord: applying hydrographic features and biological markers to trace water masses and circulation significant for phytoplankton production. Sarsia. 85: 237-249
  48. Lundsgaard C, Olesen M, Reigstad M, Olli K (1999). Sources of settling material: Aggregation and zooplankton mediated fluxes in the Gulf of Riga. Journal of Marine Systems 23: 197-210
  49. Reigstad M. Heiskanen A-S & Wassmann P (1999). Seasonal and spatial variation of suspended and sedimented nutrients (C, N, P) in the pelagic system of the Gulf of Riga. Journal of Marine Systems 23: 211-232
  50. Wassmann P. Egge JK, Reigstad M, Aksnes DL (1997). Influence of silicate addition on vertical flux of particulate biogenic matter. Marine Pollution Bullentin 33 (1-6): 10-21
  51. Reigstad M, Wassmann P (1996). Importance of advection for the pelagic -benthic coupling in north Norwegian fjords. Sarsia 80: 245-257
  52. Wassmann P, Svendsen H, Keck A, Reigstad M (1996). Selected aspects of the dynamics of particulate fluxes in the coastal zone of northern Norway. Journal of Marine Systems 8: 53-71
  53. Riebesell U, Reigstad M, Wassmann P, Noji T, Passow U (1995). On the trophic fate of Phaeocystis pouchetii (Hariot): VI. Significance of Phaeocystis-derived mucus for vertical flux. Netherland Journal of Sea Research 33(2): 193-203

Popular Science and outreach (some examples):

  • Raske endringer i Arktis – påvirkning av plante- og dyreliv. Invited speaker. Norwegian Technological Academy of Sciences seminar, Tromsø, Norway, 2015.
  • The Nansen Legacy project. Invited presentation, Norsk Havforskerforening, Tromsø, 2015
  • Arven etter Nansen, T. Eldevik og M. Reigstad, kronikk, Bergens Tidende 01.04.2014.
  • Marine ecology and Climate presentation for the Brazilian ambassador of Norway, 2014
  • Smeltende havis gir større dyphavsdyr, EKKO, NRK radio, interview and discussion on sinking material in the Arctic Ocean. 20 mars 2013.
  • Food from the Barents Sea: Basis for the rich fisheries and what about the future. Invited presentation for Davvin, the student environmental organisation, workshop, 2012
  • Hav og vind bidrar til havisens forsvinning. Hansen E, Reigstad M, Dodd P (2010). Klima 3, 4-5.
  • Framstredet tar tempen på Arktis. Reigstad M, Hansen E, Gerland S (2008). OTTAR 272: 3-11.
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Henning Reiss

Associate Professor

Research interests:
  • Benthic ecology
  • Benthic foodwebs
  • Modeling of distributions
  • Effects of climate change on benthos
  • Anthropogenic effects on marine ecosystems
  • Sustainable ecosystem management.
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Nord UniversityFaculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture Work address Nord University Post box 1490 Bodø 8049 Norway Work Phone: +47 75 51 75 76

Research interests:

  • Benthic ecology
  • Benthic foodwebs
  • Modeling of distributions
  • Effects of climate change on benthos
  • Anthropogenic effects on marine ecosystems
  • Sustainable ecosystem management.

Running national and international projects:

  • 2018 -> Genetic tools for Ecosystem health Assessment in the North Sea region (GEANS); EU Interreg
  • 2017 -> Deep fjord benthos and effects of aquaculture; NORD.
  • 2015 -> Marine aquaculture and the environment: effects of multiple nutrient sources; NORD.

Completed national and international projects:

  • 2014-2017 Next-generation biodiversity assessment and environmental monitoring of benthic communities using high-throughput DNA metabarcoding (Metabenthomics); NFR.
  • 2012-2017 LoVe MarinEco; Module 4: Structure, transport, and production of benthic organisms in the LoVe region; ARCTOS, Statoil, NORD.
  • 2010-2011 Scientific monitoring concepts for the German Bight (WIMO); Senckenberg Institute, Germany.
  • 2009-2011 Monitoring and Evaluation of Spatially Managed Areas (MESMA). EU-Project, Senckenberg Institute, Germany.
  • 2009-2011 Integrated Coastal Zone and Shelf-Sea Research (INTERCOAST). Senckenberg Institute, Germany and University of Waikato, New Zealand.
  • 2008-2011 Species distribution modelling of North Sea Benthos; Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre and Senckenberg Institute, Germany.
  • 2006-2008 Sustainable use and conservation of marine living resources (SUSUSE); University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
  • 2003-2006 Managing fisheries to conserve groundfish and benthic invertebrate species diversity (MAFCONS); EU-Project, Senckenberg Institute, Germany.
  • 2000-2005 Temporal variability of benthic communities in different areas of the southern North Sea; PhD project, University of Oldenburg, Germany.
  • 2000-2003 Succession of macrofauna in the course of natural infilling of a salt marsh clay pit in the western Jade Bay; Senckenberg Institute, Germany.
  • 1998-1999 Subtidal macrofauna communities in the East Frisian Wadden Sea Diploma project; Senckenberg Institute and University of Oldenburg, Germany.

Relevant scientific publications:

  1. Jordà Molina È, Silberberger MJ, Kokarev V, Reiss H (submitted) Oxygen and organic matter gradients structure benthic communities in a deep sub-Arctic fjord system. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Sciences
  2. Van Hoey G, Wischnewski J, Craeymeersch J, Dannheim J, Enserink L, Guerin L, Marco-Rius F, O’Connor J, Reiss H, Sell AF, Vanden Berghe M, Zettler ML, Degraer S, Birchenough SNR (submitted) Methodological elements for optimising the spatial monitoring design to support regional benthic ecosystem assessments. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
  3. Silberberger M, Renaud PE, Buhl-Mortensen L, Ellingsen IH, Reiss H (2018) Spatial patterns in sub-Arctic benthos: multiscale analysis reveals structural differences between community components. Ecological Monographs
  4. Silberberger M, Renaud PE, Kröncke I, Reiss H (2018) Food web structure in four locations along the European shelf indicates spatial differences in ecosystem functioning. Frontiers in Marine Science, 5:119.
  5. Enoksen SE and Reiss H (2017) Diet of Norwegian coastal cod (Gadus morhua) studied by using citizen science. Journal of Marine Systems 180, 246-254.
  6. Silberberger M, Renaud PE, Reiss H (2016) Spatial and temporal structure of the meroplankton community in a sub-arctic shelf system. Marine Ecology Progress Series 555, 79-93
  7. Weinert M, Mathis M, Kröncke I, Neumann H, Pohlmann T, Reiss H (2016) Modelling climate change effects on benthos: Distributional shifts in the North Sea from 2001 to 2099. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Sciences 175, 157-168
  8. Zhulay I, Reiss K, Reiss H (2015) Effects of aquaculture fallowing on the recovery of macrofauna communities. Marine Pollution Bulletin 97, 381-390
  9. Birchenough SNR, Degraer S, Reiss H, Borja A, Braeckman U, Craeymeersch J, De Mesel I, Kerckhof F, Kröncke I, Mieszkowska N, Parra S, Rabaut M, Schröder A, Van Colen C, Van Hoey G, Vincx M, Wätjen K (2015) Climate change and marine benthos: a review of existing research and future directions in the North Atlantic. WIREs Climate Change, doi: 10.1002/wcc.330
  10. Reiss H, Birchenough S, Borja A, Buhl-Mortensen L, Craeymeersch J, Dannheim J, Darr A, Galparsoro I, Gogina M, Neumann H, Populus J, Rengstorf AM, Valle M, van Hoey G, Zettler ML, Degraer S (2015) Benthos distribution modelling and its relevance for marine ecosystem management. ICES Journal of Marine Science 72, 297-315
  11. Depestele J, Courtens W, Degraer S, Haelters J, Hostens K, Leopold M, Pinn E, Merckx B, Polet H, Rabaut M, Reiss H, Stienen E, Vandendriessche S, Volckaert F, Vincx M (2014) Sensitivity assessment as a tool for spatial and temporal gear-based fisheries management. Journal of Ocean & Coastal Management 102, 149-160
  12. Zettler ML, Proffitt CE, Darr A, Degraer S, Devriese L, Greathead C, Kotta J, Magni P, Martin G, Reiss H, Speybroeck J, Tagliapietra D, Van Hoey G, Ysebaert T (2013) On the myths of indicator species: issues and further consideration in the use of static concepts for ecological applications. PLoS ONE 8, e78219
  13. Queiros A, Birchenough S, Bremner J, Godbold J, Parker R, Ramirez A, Reiss H, Solan M, Somerfield P, Van Colen C, Van Hoey G, Widdicombe S (2013) A bioturbation classification of European marine infaunal invertebrates. Ecology and Evolution 3, 3958-3985
  14. Kröncke I, Reiss H, Türkay M (2013) Macro- and megafauna communities in three deep basins of the South-East Atlantic. Deep Sea Research I 81, 25-35
  15. Neumann H, Kröncke I, de Boois I, Reiss H (2013) Climate change facilitated range expansion of the non-native Angular crab Goneplax rhomboides into the North Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 484, 143-153
  16. Neumann H., Reiss H, Ehrich S, Sell A, Panten K, Kloppmann M, Wilhelms I, Kröncke I (2013) Benthos and demersal fish habitats in the German Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the North Sea. Helgoland Marine Research 67, 445-459
  17. Schückel S, Sell A, Kihara T.C., Kröncke I, Reiss H (2013) Meiofauna as food source for small- sized demersal fish in the southern North Sea. Helgoland Marine Research 67, 203-218
  18. Kröncke I, Reiss H, Dippner JW (2013) Effects of cold winters and regime shifts on macrofauna communities in the southern North Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 119, 79-90
  19. Katsanevakis S, Weber A, Pipitone C, Leopold M, Cronin M, Scheidat M, Doyle TK, Buhl- Mortensen L, Buhl-Mortensen P, D’Anna G, de Boois I, Dalpadado P, Damalas D, Fiorentino F, Garofalo G, Giacalone VM, Hawley KL, Issaris Y, Jansen J, Knight CM, Knittweis L, Kröncke I, Mirto S, Muxika I, Reiss H, Skjoldal HR, Vöge S (2012) Monitoring marine populations and communities: review of methods and tools dealing with imperfect detectability. Aquatic Biology 16, 31-52
  20. Schückel S, Sell A, Kröncke I, Reiss H (2012) Diet overlap between commercial and non- commercial flatfish species in the southern North Sea. Journal of Fish Biology 80, 2571-2594
  21. Reiss H, Cunze S, König K, Neumann H, Kröncke I (2011). Species distribution modelling of marine benthos: a North Sea case study. Marine Ecology Progress Series 442, 71-86
  22. Katsanevakis S, Stelzenmüller V, South A, Sørensen T K, Jones P J S, Kerr S, Badalamenti F, Anagnostou C, Breen P, Chust G, D’anna G, Duijn M, Filatova T, Fiorentino F, Hulsman H, Karageorgis A, Kröncke I, Mirto S, Pipitone C, Portelli S, Qiu W, Reiss H, Sakellariou D, Salomidi M, Van Hoof L, Vassilopoulou V, Vega T, Vöge S, Weber A, Zenetos A, and ter Hofstede R (2011) Ecosystem-based marine spatial management: review of concepts, policies, tools, and critical issues. Ocean and Coastal Management 54, 807-820
  23. Schückel S, Sell A, Kröncke I, Reiss H (2011) Diet composition and resource partitioning in two small flatfish species in the German Bight. Journal of Sea Research 66, 195-204
  24. Kröncke I, Reiss H, Eggleton JD, Bergman MJN, Cochrane S, Craeymeersch JA, Degraer S, Desroy N, Dewarumez J.-M, Duineveld GCA, Essink K, Hillewaert H, Lavaleye MSS, Moll A, Nehring S, Newell R, Oug E, Pohlmann T, Rachor E, Robertson M, Rumohr H, Schratzberger M, Smith R, Vanden Berghe E, Van Dalfsen J, Van Hoey G, Vincx M, Willems W, Rees HL (2011) Changes in North Sea macrofauna communities and species distribution between 1986 and 2000. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 94, 1-15
  25. Narayanaswamy BE, Renaud PE, Duineveld G, Berge J, Lavaleye M, Reiss H, Brattegard T (2010) Biodiversity trends along the western European margin. PLoS ONE 5, e14295
  26. Van Hoey G, Borja A, Birchenough S, Degraer S, Fleischer D, Kerckhof F, Magni P, Buhl- Mortensen L, Muxika I, Reiss H, Schröder A, Zettler M (2010) The use of benthic indicators in Europe: from the Water Framework Directive to the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. Marine Pollution Bulletin 60, 2187-2196
  27. Schückel S, Ehrich S, Kröncke I, Reiss H (2010) Linking diet composition of haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) to benthic prey availability in three different areas in the northern North Sea. Journal of Fish Biology 77, 98-118
  28. Robinson LA, Greenstreet SPR, Reiss H, Callaway R, Craeymeersch J, de Boois I, Degraer S, Ehrich S, Fraser HM, Goffin A, Kröncke I, Lindal Jørgenson L, Robertson MR, Lancaster J (2010). Length-weight relationships of 216 North Sea benthic invertebrates and fish. Journal of the Marine Biological Association UK 90, 95-104
  29. Reiss H, Greenstreet SPR, Robinson L, Ehrich S, Jørgensen LL, Piet GJ, Wolff WJ (2010) Unsuitability of TAC management within an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries: an ecological perspective. Journal of Sea Research 63, 85-92
  30. Reiss H, Degraer S, Duineveld G, Kröncke I, Craeymeersch J, Aldridge JN, Eggleton J, Hillewaert H, Lavaleye M, Moll A, Pohlmann T, Rachor E, Robertson M, Vanden Berghe E, Van Hoey G, Rees HL (2010) Spatial patterns of infauna, epifauna and demersal fish communities in the North Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science 67, 278-293
  31. Kröncke I, Reiss H (2010) Influence of macrofauna long-term natural variability on benthic indices used in ecological quality assessment. Marine Pollution Bulletin 60, 58-68
  32. Neumann H, Reiss H, Rakers S, Ehrich S, Kröncke I (2009) Temporal variability of southern North Sea epifauna communities after the cold winter 19995/96. ICES Journal of Marine Science 66, 2233-2243
  33. Reiss H, Greenstreet SPR, Sieben K, Ehrich S, Quirijns F, Piet GJ, Robinson L, Kröncke I (2009) Effects of fishing disturbance on benthic communities and secondary production within an intensively fished area. Marine Ecology Progress Series 394, 201-213
  34. Reiss H, Hoarau G, Dickey-Collas M, Wolff WJ (2009) Genetic population structure of marine fish: mismatch between biological and fisheries management units. Fish and Fisheries 10, 361-395
  35. Vöge S, Reiss H, Kröncke I (2008) Macrofauna succession in an infilling salt marsh clay pit. Senckenbergiana maritima 38 (2): 93-106
  36. Ehrich S, Adlerstein S, Brockmann U, Floeter J, Garthe S, Hinz H, Kröncke I, Neumann H, Reiss H, Sell AF, Stein M, Stelzenmüller V, Temming A, Zauke G-P (2007) 20 years of the German Small-Scale Bottom Trawl Survey (GSBTS): A review. Senckenbergiana maritima 37: 13-82
  37. Reiss H, Wieking G, Kröncke I (2007) Microphytobenthos of the Dogger Bank: a comparison between shallow and deep areas using phytopigment composition of the sediment. Marine Biology 150: 1061-1071
  38. Reiss H, Kröncke I, Ehrich S (2006) Estimating catching efficiency of a 2-m beam trawl for sampling epifauna by removal experiments. ICES Journal of Marine Science 63:1453-1464
  39. Reiss H, Meybohm K, Kröncke I (2006) Cold winter effects on benthic macrofauna communities in near- and offshore regions of the North Sea. Helgoland Marine Research 60: 224-238
  40. Reiss H, Kröncke I (2006) Temporal patterns of infaunal communities in the North Sea: interannual versus intraannual variability. Senckenbergiana maritima 36(1):11-18
  41. Reiss H, Neumann H, Kröncke I (2005) Chelar height – body weight relationships of North Sea hermit crabs (Paguridae). ICES Journal of Marine Science 62: 723-726
  42. Reiss H, Kröncke I (2005) Seasonal variability of benthic indices: an approach to test the applicability of different indices for ecosystem quality assessment. Marine Pollution Bulletin 50: 1490-1499
  43. Reiss H, Kröncke I (2005) Seasonal variability of infaunal community structures in three areas of the North Sea under different environmental conditions. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 65: 253-274
  44. Reiss H. (2005) Temporal variability of benthic communities in different areas of the southern North Sea. PhD-thesis, University of Oldenburg, 191 pp.
  45. Reiss H, Kröncke I (2004) Seasonal variability of epibenthic communities in different areas of the southern North Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science 61: 882-905
  46. Reiss H, Knäuper S, Kröncke I (2003) Invertebrate associations with gastropod shells inhabited by Pagurus bernhardus (Paguridae) – secondary hard substrate increasing biodiversity in North Sea soft-bottom communities. Sarsia 88: 404-414
  47. Reiss H, Kröncke I (2001) Spatial and temporal distribution of macrofauna in the Otzumer Balje (East Frisian Wadden Sea, Germany). Senckenbergiana maritima 31: 283-298

Other publications (i.a. scientific reports, book chapters):

  • Silberberger MJ and Reiss H (2018). The truth is in the sediments. ScienceNordic (http://sciencenordic.com)
  • Rachor E, Bönsch R, Boos K, Gosselck F, Grotjahn M, Günther C-P, Gusky M, Gutow L, Heiber W, Jantschik P, Krieg H-J, Krone R, Nehmer P, Reichert K, Reiss H, Schröder A, Witt J, Zettler ML (2013) Rote Liste und Artenliste der bodenlebenden wirbellosen Meerestiere. Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 70(2): 81-176.
  • Kröncke I, Boersma M, Czeck R, Dippner JW, Ehrich S, Exo MK, Hüppop O, Malzahn A, Marencic H, Markert A, Millat G, Neumann H, Reiss H, Sell A, Sobottka M, Wehrmann A, Wiltshire KH, Wirtz K (2012) Auswirkungen auf marine Lebensräume. In: Mosbrugger V, Brasseur GP, Schaller M, Stribrny B (eds.) Klimawandel und Biodiversität – Folgen für Deutschland. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 106-127.
  • Birchenough S, Degraer S, Reiss H, Borja A, Braeckman U, Craeymeersch J, De Mesel I, Kerckhof F, Kröncke I, Mieszkowska N, Parra S, Rabaut M, Schröder A, Van Colen C, Van Hoey G, Vincx M, Wätjen K (2011) Responses of marine benthos to climate change. In: Reid PC and Valdéz L (eds.) ICES Status Report on Climate Change in the North Atlantic. ICES Cooperative Research Report 310, 262 pp.
  • Kröncke I, Neumann H, Reiss H, Schückel U (2011). Wie reagieren die Benthosgemeinschaften der offenen Nordsee auf die globale Erwärmung? In: Lozán JL, Graßl H, Reise K (eds.) Warnsignal Klima: Die Meere – Änderungen und Risiken: 183-187
  • Meißner K, Reiss H, Bick A (in press) Makrofauna collected from box cores and Van Veen grab samples. Meteor Report, cruise 79/2
  • Reiss H (in press) Sediment parameters. Meteor Report, cruise 79/2
  • Rachor E, Bönsch R, Boos K, Gosselck F, Grotjahn M, Günther C-P, Gusky M, Gutow L, Heiber W, Jantschik P, Krieg H-J, Krone R, Nehmer P, Reichert K, Reiss H, Schröder A, Witt J, Zettler ML (in press) Rote Liste der bodenlebenden wirbellosen Meerestiere
  • Neumann H, Reiss H (2010) Die Nordsee wird wärmer… und beeinflusst damit das Leben am Boden. Natur und Museum 140: 112-119
  • Kröncke I, Cristobo F J, Hendrycks E, Reiss H, Rios P, Saiz-Salinas J I, Urgorri V (2009). Macroinfauna collected from box cores. In: Türkay, M. and Pätzold, J. (eds.): Southwestern Indian Ocean – Eastern Atlantic Ocean. Meteor Report, cruise 63/2: 25-28
  • Türkay M, Kröncke I, Köster B, Reiss H (2009). Sediment parameters and hydrographic data. In: Türkay, M. and Pätzold, J. (eds.): Southwestern Indian Ocean – Eastern Atlantic Ocean. Meteor Report, cruise 63/2: 10-14
  • Vöge S, Reiss H, Kröncke I 2009. Ökofaunistik II: Benthische Makrofauna. In: B.W. Flemming (Editor), Untersuchungen der ökologischen Entwicklung einer Aussendeichskleipütte als Ergänzung der quantitativen Beweissicherung des Wiederverlandungsprozesses. Senckenberg am Meer, pp. 87-99
  • Rees HL, Bergman MJN, Birchenough SNR, Borja A, Boyd SE, Brown CJ, Buhl-Mortensen L, Callaway R, Connor DW, Cooper KM, Davies J, de Boois I, Gilkinson KD, Gordon jr. DC, Hillewaert H, Kautsky H, de Kluyver M, Kröncke I, Limpenny DS, Meadows WJ, Parra S, Pennington SE, Rachor E, Reiss H, Rumohr H, Schratzberger M, Smith S, Tunberg BG, van Dalfsen JA, Ware S, Watling L (2009) Guidelines for the study of epibenthos of subtidal environments. ICES Techniques in Marine Environmental Sciences 42: 88pp.
  • Reiss H, Rees H L (2007) Links between infauna, epifauna, and demersal fish distribution. In: Rees H L, Eggleton J D, Rachor E, Vanden Berghe E (eds.) Structure and dynamics of the North Sea benthos. ICES Cooperative Research Report 288: 141-152.
  • Craeymeersch J A, Bergman M J N, Duniveld, G C A, Kröncke I, Reiss H (2007) Fishing practices. In: Rees H L, Eggleton J D, Rachor E, Vanden Berghe E (eds.) Structure and dynamics of the North Sea benthos. ICES Cooperative Research Report 288: 156-171.
  • Eggleton J D, Smith R, Reiss H, Rachor E, vanden Berghe E, Rees H L (2007) Species distribution and changes (1986-2000). In: Rees H L, Eggleton J D, Rachor E, Vanden Berghe E. (eds.) Structure and dynamics of the North Sea benthos. ICES Cooperative Research Report 288: 91-108.
  • Kröncke I, Reiss H (2007) Changes in community structure (1986-2000) and causal influences. In: Rees H L, Eggleton J D, Rachor E, Vanden Berghe E (eds.) Structure and dynamics of the North Sea benthos. ICES Cooperative Research Report 288: 60-68.
  • Rachor E, Reiss H, Degraer S, Dunieveld G C A, van Heoy G, Lavaleye M, Willems W, Rees H L (2007) Structure, distribution, and characterizing species of North Sea macro-zoobenthos communities in 2000. In: Rees H L, Eggleton J D, Rachor E, Vanden Berghe E (eds.) Structure and dynamics of the North Sea benthos. ICES Cooperative Research Report 288: 46-59.
  • Rees H L, Rachor E, Craeymeersch J A, Kröncke I, Duineveld G C A, Reiss H, Rumohr H (2007) Benthic community studies over relevant timeseries. In: Rees, H.L., Eggleton, J.D., Rachor, E., Vanden Berghe E. (eds.) Structure and dynamics of the North Sea benthos. ICES Cooperative Research Report 288: 128-140.
  • Callaway R, Robinson L, Greenstreet S, Reiss H, Fraser H, Kröncke I, Craeymeersch J, de Boois I, Robertson M, Lancaster J, Goffin A (2007) Methodology for the combined sampling of marine groundfish and benthic invertebrate communities. Fisheries Research Services Collaborative Report No 11/07: 23 pp.
  • Greenstreet S, Robinson L, Piet G, Craeymeersch J, Callaway R, Reiss H, Ehrich S, Kröncke I, Fraser H, Lancaster J, Jørgensen L, Goffin A (2007): The ecological disturbance caused by fishing in the North Sea. Fisheries Research Services Collaborative Report No 04/07: 169 pp.
  • Greenstreet S, Robinson L, Piet G, Callaway R, Reiss H, Ehrich S, Kröncke I, Craeymeersch J, Lancaster J, Jørgensen L, Degraer S, Goffin A (2007): Managing fisheries to conserve North Sea groundfish and benthic invertebrate species diversity. Fisheries Research Services Collaborative Report No 05/07: 136 pp.
  • Greenstreet S, Robinson L, Callaway R, Reiss H, Ehrich S, Piet G, Craeymeersch J, Kröncke I, Fraser H, Lancaster J, Jørgensen L, Goffin A (2007) Relationship between TACs, fish landings and fishing effort in the North Sea. Fisheries Research Services Collaborative Report No 06/07: 152 pp.
  • Greenstreet S, Fraser H, Piet G, Robinson L, Callaway R, Reiss H, Ehrich S, Kröncke I, Craeymeersch J, Lancaster J, Jørgensen L, Goffin A (2007) Species composition, diversity, biomass and production of the demersal fish community of the North Sea. Fisheries Research Services Collaborative Report No 07/07: 95 pp.
  • Greenstreet S, Robinson L, Reiss H, Kröncke I, Callaway R, Snelgrove P, Costello M, Bermann M., Hiddink J, Fraser H, Craeymeersch J, Degraer S, Jørgensen L, Goffin A, Lancaster J (2007) Review of theoretical community ecology: implications for marine communities. Fisheries Research Services Collaborative Report No 08/07: 127 pp.
  • Greenstreet S, Robinson L, Reiss H, Craeymeersch J, Callaway R, Goffin A, Jørgensen L, Robertson M, Kröncke I, de Boois I, Jacob N, Lancaster J, (2007) Species composition, diversity, biomass and production of the benthic invertebrate community of the North Sea. Fisheries Research Services Collaborative Report No 10/07: 67 pp.
  • Vöge S, Reiss H, Kröncke I (2006) Teilprojekt 4: Ökofaunistik II – Benthische Makrofauna. In: Flemming BW (ed.) Untersuchung der ökologischen Entwicklung einer Aussendeichskleipütte als Ergänzung der quantitativen Beweissicherung des Wiederverlandungsprozesses. Abschlussbericht, Bericht 06-1. Senckenberg am Meer, p 39-51
  • Vöge S, Reiss H, Kröncke I (2005) Ökofaunistik II: Benthische Makrofauna. In: Flemming BW, Bartholomä A (eds) Untersuchungen zur ökologischen Entwicklung bei der Wiederverlandung einer Kleipütte im Aussendeich bei Petersgroden (Jadebusen), Bericht 14. Forschungszentrum Terramare, p 46-57
  • Ehrich S, Reiss H, Damm U, Kröncke I (2004) Vulnerability of bottom fish species to the standard GOV. ICES CM 2004/D:05
  • Reiss H, Kröncke I (2003) Teilprojekt 4: Ökofaunistik II – Benthische Makrofauna. In: Flemming BW (ed) Untersuchung der ökologischen Entwicklung einer Aussendeichskleipütte als Ergänzung der quantitativen Beweissicherung des Wiederverlandungsprozesses Abschlussbericht, Bericht 03-1. Senckenberg am Meer, p 99-125
  • Rees H, Cochrane S, Craeymeersch J, de Kluijver M, Degraer S, Desroy N, Dewarumez JM, Duineveld G, Essink K, Hillewaert H, Kilbride R, Kröncke I, Nehmer P, Rachor E, Reiss H, Robertson M, Rumohr H, Vanden Berghe E, Hoey V (2002) The North Sea Benthos Projekt: planning, management and objectives. ICES CM 2002/L:09
  • Kröncke I, Nehmer P, Reiss H, Rensing C, Stoeck T, Wieking G (2001) Nordsee im Wandel. Natur und Museum 131:351-360
  • Reiss H, Kröncke I (2001) Ökofaunistik II: Benthische Makrofauna. In: Flemming BW (ed) Untersuchung der ökologischen Entwicklung einer Aussendeichskleipütte als Ergänzung der quantitativen Beweissicherung des Wiederverlandungsprozesses. Senckenberg am Meer, Wilhelmshaven, p 60-74
  • Reiss H (1999) Makrozoobenthos in der Otzumer Balje. Diploma-thesis, University of Oldenburg 142 pp.
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Nord University Post box 1490 Bodø 8049 Norway

Photo of Paul Renaud

Paul Renaud

Senior researcher (APN), Professor II (UNIS)

Research interests:Community structure of Arctic benthos
  • Food web dynamics / trophic exchange
  • Pelagic-benthic coupling
  • Marine biodiversity and ecosystem function
  • Environmental management.
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Akvaplan-nivaArctic R&D Work address Akvaplan-niva AS Fram Centre Tromsø 9296 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 75 03 19

Research interests:Community structure of Arctic benthos

  • Food web dynamics / trophic exchange
  • Pelagic-benthic coupling
  • Marine biodiversity and ecosystem function
  • Environmental management.

Running national and international projects:

  • 2018-2020 “Environmental monitoring of Arctic coastal ecosystems: Sensitivity to petroleum pollution (Arctic EcoSens)” Norges forskningsråd 5.3 M NOK (PI)
  • 2017-2021 “Effects of terrestrial inputs on contaminant dynamics in Arctic coastal ecosystems (TerrACE)” Norges forskningsråd 1.2M NOK (of 10M NOK total) (co-PI)
  • 2017-2018 “EFFECTS: Examining the role of fish-falls on ecosystem processes in highly exploited fjord systems” Fram Centre/Norwegian Department of Climate and Environment 740k NOK (PI)
  • 2016-2019 “A transatlantic innovation arena for sustainable development in the Arctic (CoArc)” Foreign Ministry of Norway 6.9M NOK (of 14.3M NOK total) (co-PI)
  • 2015-2019 “Arctic Ocean ecosystems – Applied technology, Biological interactions and Consequences in an era of abrupt climate change (Arctic ABC)” Norges forskningsråd 300k NOK (of 25M NOK total)

Completed national and international projects:

  • “Combined effects of multiple organic stressors from jellyfish blooms and aquaculture operations on seafloor ecosystems (JellyFarm)” (2015-2018, NFR)
  • “Declining size – a general response to climate warming in Arctic fauna? (DWARF)” (2014-2017, NFR)
  • “POLNOR – The changing ocean of the Polar north” (2014-2017, NFR)
  • “Environmental management of petroleum activities in the Barents Sea: Norwegian-Russian collaboration (EMAP)” (2014-2017, NFR)
  • “Integrated assessment of oil spill impact and recovery on Brazilian coastal habitats” (2013-2016 NFR)
  • “Mare incognitum – ecological processes during the polar night (MarineNight)”  (2012-2015, NFR)
  • “Ecosystem-based management of the Barents Sea: benthic ecosystem modeling” Norges forskningsråd (Principle investigator)
  • “Benthic responses to seasonal carbon inputs: size-partitioned remineralization on two Arctic continental shelves” US National Science Foundation Polar Programs (Principle investigator)
  • “Secondary-education opportunities in Arctic research” Connecticut SeaGrant, USA
  • “LISICOS: The Long Island Sound Observing System” US National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (co-Principle investigator)
  • “Analysis of Georges Bank Benthic Communities” Marine Conservation Biology Institute
  • “Identification of infaunal communities from Georges Bank” US National Marine Fisheries Service
  • “Modeling benthic consumption, advection, and carbon subsidies in the Barents Sea” Norges forskningsråd (Principle investigator)
  • “Dynamic ranges of contaminants in polar marine ecosystems” Norges forskningsråd
  • “ECOBAR: Benthic indicators for monitoring the Ecosystem of the Barents Sea” Norges forskningsrådet (Principle investigator)
  • “Arctic Tipping Points” EU 7th Framework Programme (co-PI)

Relevant scientific publications (since 2010):

  1. Leopold, P., P.E. Renaud, W.G. Ambrose, J. Berge. 2019. High Arctic Mytilus spp. – occurrence, distribution and history of dispersal. Polar Biology 42: 237–244 doi: 10.1007/s00300-018-2415-1
  2. McGovern, M., P.E. Renaud, J. Berge, B. Szymczycha, J.M. Węsławski. 2018. Hyperbenthic food-web structure in an Arctic fjord. Marine Ecology Progress Series 603: 29–4, doi: 10.3354/meps12713.
  3. Silberberger, M.J., P.E. Renaud, L. Buhl-Mortensen, I.H. Ellingsen, H. Reiss. 2018. Spatial patterns in sub-Arctic benthos: multiscale analysis reveals structural differences between community components. Ecological Monographs doi:10.1002/ecm.1325
  4. Renaud, P.E., M. Daase, N.S. Banas, T.M Gabrielsen, J. Søreide, Ø. Varpe, F. Cottier, S. Falk-Petersen, C. Halsband, D. Vogedes, K. Heggland, J. Berge. 2018. Pelagic food-webs in a changing Arctic: A trait-based perspective suggests a mode of resilience. ICES Journal of Marine Science 75: 871–1881 doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsy063.
  5. Silberberger, M., P.E. Renaud, I. Kröncke, H. Reiss. 2018. Food web structure in four locations along the European shelf indicates spatial differences in ecosystem functioning. Frontiers in Marine Science 5:119 doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00119.
  6. Shunatova, N., D. Nikishina, M. Ivanov, J. Berge, P. Renaud. T. Ivanova, A. Granovitch. 2018. The longer the better: the effect of substrate on sessile biota in Arctic kelp forests. Polar Biology 41: 993–1011 doi:10.1007/s00300-018-2263-z.
  7. Halsband, C., S. Majaneva, A. Hosia, P.A. Emaus, F. Gaardsted, Q. Zhou, O.A. Nøst, P.E. Renaud. 2017. Jellyfish summer distribution, diversity and impact on fish farms in a Nordic fjord. Marine Ecology Progress Series 591: 267–279 doi: 10.3354/meps12274.
  8. Sardi, A.E., P.E. Renaud, G.C. Morais, C.C. Martins, P.C. Lana, L. Camus. 2017. Effects of an in situ diesel oil spill on oxidative stress in the clam Anomalocardia flexuosa. Environmental Pollution 230: 891-901 doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2017.07.040.
  9. Meyer, K.S., A.K. Sweetman, P. Kuklinski, P. Leopold, D. Vogedes, J. Berge, C. Griffiths, C.M. Young, P.E. Renaud. 2017. Recruitment of benthic invertebrates in high Arctic fjords: relation to temperature, depth, and season. Limnology and Oceanography 62: 2732–2744 doi: 10.1002/lno.10602.
  10. Darnis, G., L. Hobbs, M. Geoffroy, J.C. Grenvald, P.E. Renaud, J. Berge, F. Cottier, S. Kristiansen, M. Daase, J. Søreide, A. Wold, N. Morata, T. Gabrielsen. 2017. From polar night to midnight sun: diel vertical migration, metabolism and biogeochemical role of zooplankton in a high Arctic fjord (Kongsfjorden, Svalbard) Limnology and Oceanography 62: 1586-1605 doi: 10.1002/lno.10519.
  11. Kędra, M., P.E. Renaud, H. Andrade. 2017. Epibenthic diversity and productivity on heavily trawled Barents Sea bank (Tromsøflaket). Oceanologia 59: 93-101 doi: 10.1016/j.oceano.2016.12.001.
  12. Vihtakari, M., W.G. Ambrose Jr, P.E. Renaud, W.L. Locke V, M.L Carroll, J. Berge, L.J. Clarke, F. Cottier, H. Hop. 2017. A key to the past? Element ratios as environmental proxies in two Arctic bivalves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 465: 316–332 doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.10.020.Cochrane, S., J.H. Andersen, T. Berg, H. Blanchet, A. Borja, J. Carstensen, M. Elliott, H. Hummel, N. Niquil, P.E. Renaud. 2016. What is marine biodiversity? Towards common concepts and their implications for assessing biodiversity status. Frontiers in Marine Science 3: 248 doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00248.
  13. Hunt, G.L. Jr., K.F. Drinkwater, K. Arrigo, J. Berge, K.L. Daly, S. Danielson, M. Daase, H. Hop, E. Isla, N. Karnovsky, K. Laidre, E.J. Murphy, F. Mueter, P.E. Renaud, W.O. Smith Jr., P. Trathan, D. Wolf-Gladrow. 2016. Advection in polar and sub-polar environments: Impacts on high latitude marine ecosystems. Progress in Oceanography 149: 40–81 doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2016.10.004.
  14. Sardi, A.E., P.E. Renaud, P.C. Lana, L. Camus. 2016. Baseline levels of oxidative stress biomarkers in species from a subtropical estuarine system (Paranaguá Bay, southern Brazil). Marine Pollution Bulletin in press doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.08.014.
  15. Grenvald, J., T.A. Callesen, M. Daase, L. Hobbs, G. Darnis, P.E. Renaud, F. Cottier, T.G. Nielsen, J. Berge. 2016. Plankton community composition and vertical migration during polar night in Kongsfjorden. Polar Biology 10: 1879-1895 doi: 10.1007/s00300-016-2015-x.
  16. Silberberger, M.J., P.E. Renaud, B. Espinasse, H. Reiss. 2016. Spatial and temporal structure of the meroplankton community in a sub-Arctic shelf system. Marine Ecology Progress Series 555: 79 – 93 doi: 10.3354/meps11818.
  17. Maltseva, A.L., M.A. Varfolomeeva, A.A. Lobov, N.A. Mikhailova, P.E. Renaud, A.B. Grishankov, K.Y. Volovik, A.I. Granovitch. 2016. Measuring physiological similarity of closely related littorinid species: a proteomic insight. Marine Ecology Progress Series 552: 177–193.
  18. Vihtakari, M., J.N. Havenhand, P.E. Renaud, I.E. Hendriks. 2016. Variable individual- and population-level responses to ocean acidification. Frontiers in Marine Science 3: 51 doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00051.
  19. Sweetman, A.K., A. Chelsky, K.A. Pitt, H. Andrade, D. van Oevelen, P.E. Renaud. 2016. Jellyfish decomposition at the seafloor rapidly alters biogeochemical cycling and carbon flow through benthic food-webs. Limnology and Oceanography 61: 1149-1161 doi: 10.1002/lno.10310.
  20. Vihtakari, M., P.E Renaud, L.J. Clarke, M.J. Whitehouse, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose Jr. 2016. Decoding the oxygen isotope signal for seasonal growth patterns in Arctic bivalves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 446: 263-283
  21. Evenset, A., I.G. Hallanger, M. Tessmann, N. Warner, A. Ruus, K. Borgå, G.W. Gabrielsen, G. Christensen, P.E. Renaud. 2016. Seasonal variation in accumulation of persistent organic pollutants in an Arctic marine benthic food web. Science of the Total Environment doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.10.092
  22. Ambrose, W.G., W.L. Locke V, G.F. Bigelow, P.E. Renaud. 2016. Deposition of annual growth lines in the apex of the common limpet (Patella vulgata) from Shetland Islands, UK, and Norway: evidence from field marking and shell mineral content of annual line deposition. Environmental Archaeology doi:10.1179/1749631414Y.0000000058
  23. Berge, J., M. Daase, P.E. Renaud, W.G. Ambrose, Jr., G. Darnis, K.S. Last, E. Leu, J. Cohen, G. Johnsen, M.A. Moline, F. Cottier, Ø. Varpe, N. Shunatova, P. Bałazy, N. Morata, J.-C. Massabuau, S. Falk-Petersen, K. Kosobokova, C.J.M. Hoppe, J.M. Węsławski, P. Kuklinski, J. Legeżyńska, D. Nikishina, M. Cusa, M. Kędra, M. Włodarska-Kowalczuk, D. Vogedes, L. Camus, D. Tran, E. Michaud, T.M. Gabrielsen, A. Granovitch, A. Gonchar, R. Krapp, T.A. Callesen. 2015. Unexpected levels of biological activity during the polar night offers new perspectives on a warming Arctic. Current Biology 25: 1-7
  24. Renaud, P.E., T.S. Løkken, L.L. Jørgensen, J. Berge, B.J. Johnson. 2015. Macroalgal detritus and food-web subsidies along an Arctic fjord depth-gradient. Frontiers in Marine Science 2:31 doi: 10.3389/fmars.2015.00031
  25. Meyer, K.S., A.K. Sweetman, C.M. Young, P.E. Renaud. 2015. Environmental factors structuring Arctic deep-sea megabenthos – a case study from a shelf and two fjord sites. Frontiers in Marine Science 2: 22. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2015.00022
  26. Berge, J., F. Cottier, G. Darnis, S. Falk-Petersen, T. Gabrielsen, G. Johnsen, K. Last, E. Leu, O.J. Lønne, M. Moline, J. Nahrgang, P.E. Renaud, L. Seuthe, J. Søreide, Ø. Varpe, J.M. Węsławski, M. Daase. 2015. In the dark: a review of ecosystem processes during the Arctic polar night. Progress in Oceanography in press doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2015.08.005
  27. Orlova, E.L., A.V. Dolgov, P.E. Renaud, M. Greenacre, C. Halsband, V. Ivshin. 2015. Climatic and ecological drivers of euphausiid community structure vary spatially in the Barents Sea: relationships from a 58-year time series. Frontiers in Marine Science 1:74. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2014.00074
  28. Vihtakari, M., I.E. Hendriks, J. Holding, P.E. Renaud, C.M. Duarte, J.N. Havenhand. 2013. Combined effects of ocean acidification and warming on sperm activity and early life stages of the Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis). Water 5: 1890-1915 doi:10.3390/w5041890
  29. Narayanaswamy, B., M. Coll, R. Danovaro, K. Davidson, H. Ojaveer, P.E. Renaud. 2013. Synthesis of knowledge on marine biodiversity in European Seas: from census to sustainable management. PLoS ONE 8:e58909, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058909
  30. Majaneva, S., J. Berge, P.E. Renaud, A. Vader, E. Stübner, A.M. Rao, Ø. Sparre, M. Lehtiniemi. 2013. Aggregations of predator and prey affect predation impact of the Arctic ctenophore Mertensia ovum. Marine Ecology Progress Series 476: 87-100.
  31. Hunt, G.L., A.L. Blanchard, P. Boveng, P. Dalpadado, K. Drinkwater, L. Eisner, R. Hopcroft, K.M. Kovacs, B.L. Norcross, P. Renaud, M. Reigstad, M. Renner, H.R. Skjoldal, G.A. Whitehouse, R. Woodgate. 2013. The Barents and Chukchi Seas: Comparison of two Arctic shelf ecosystems Journal of Marine Systems 109/110: 43-68   doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.08.003
  32. Krause-Jensen, D., N. Marbà, B. Olesen, M.K. Sejr, P. Christensen, J. Rodrigues, P.E. Renaud, S. Rysgaard. 2012. Seasonal sea ice cover as principal driver of spatial and temporal variation in depth extension and annual production of kelp in Greenland. Global Change Biology 18: 2981-2994 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02765.x
  33. Włodarska-Kowalczuk, M., P.E. Renaud, J.M. Węsławski, S. Cochrane, S.G. Denisenko. 2012. Species diversity, functional complexity and rarity in Arctic fjordic versus open shelf benthic systems. Marine Ecology Progress Series 463: 73-87
  34. Węsławski, J.M., M. Kędra, J. Przytarska, L. Kotwicki, I. Ellingsen, J. Skarðhamar, P. Renaud, I. Goszczko. 2012. A huge biocatalytic filter in the centre of the Barents Sea shelf? Oceanologia 54: 325-335Berge, J. T.M: Gabrielsen, M. Moline, P.E. Renaud. 2012 Evolution of the Arctic Calanus complex – an Arctic marine avocado? Journal of Plankton Research 34: 191-195
  35. Renaud, P.E., J. Berge, Ø. Varpe, O.J. Lønne, J. Nahrgang, C. Ottesen, I. Hallanger. 2012. Is the poleward expansion by Atlantic cod and haddock threatening native polar cod, Boreogadus saida? Polar Biology 35: 401-412
  36. Andrade, H., P.E. Renaud. 2011. Polychaete/amphipod ratio as an indicator of environmental impact related to offshore oil and gas production along the Norwegian Coast. Marine Pollution Bulletin 62: 2839-2844
  37. Jørgensen, L.L., P.E. Renaud, S.K. Cochrane. 2011. Improving benthic monitoring by combining trawl and grab surveys. Marine Pollution Bulletin 62: 1183-1190
  38. Falk-Petersen, J., P.E. Renaud, N. Anisimova. 2011. Establishment and ecosystem effects of the alien invasive red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) in the Barents Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsq192
  39. Morata, N., M. Poulin, P.E. Renaud. 2011. A multiple biomarker approach to tracking the fate of an ice algal bloom to the sea floor. Polar Biology 34: 101-112  doi 10.1007/s00300-010-0863-3
  40. Orlova, E.L., G.B. Rudneva, P.E. Renaud, K. Eiane, V. Savinov, A.S. Yurko. 2010. Climate impacts on feeding and condition of capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the Barents Sea: Evidence and mechanisms from a 30-year data series. Aquatic Biology 10:105-118

Popular science and outreach:

  • Berge, J., P.E. Renaud. 2010. Biodiversitet i Arktis. Naturen 5: 260-265

 

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Angelika Renner

Researcher

Research interests:
  • Arctic oceanography
  • Upper ocean mixing
  • sea ice - ocean interactions
  • sea ice thickness.
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Institute of Marine ResearchOceanography and Climate group Work address Institute of Marine Research Post box 6404 Tromsø 9294 Norway Work Phone: +47 48 95 73 40

Research interests:

  • Arctic oceanography
  • Upper ocean mixing
  • sea ice – ocean interactions
  • sea ice thickness.
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