Bodil Bluhm » Members

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Bodil Bluhm

Professor UiT The Arctic University of NorwayArctic and Marine Biology
Work address Department of Arctic and Marine Biology Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Econoics UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø 9037 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 64 43 82
Photo of Bodil Bluhm


Research interests:

  • Structure and function of Arctic benthic and sea ice ecosystems
  • Biodiversity
  • Community ecology
  • Food web structure
  • Cryo-benthic-pelagic coupling
  • Invertebrate population dynamics.

Current national and international projects:

  • ArcticABC: Arctic Ocean ecosystems – Applied technology, Biological interactions and Consequences in an era of abrupt climate change (Norwegian Research Council)
  • Synthesis of Arctic Research (SOAR) (Bureau of Ocean Energy Management)
    SOAR brings together a multidisciplinary group of Arctic scientists and residents to explore and integrate information from completed and ongoing marine research in the Pacific Arctic
  • Arctic Ecosystem Integrated Survey (Bureau of Ocean Energy Management)
    A comprehensive assessment of the oceanography, lower trophic levels, crab, and fish communities of the northeastern Bering Sea and eastern Chukchi Sea shelf
  • Beaufort Sea fish and invertebrate surveys (Bureau of Ocean Energy Management)
    Surveys of lower trophics to fish on the Beaufort Sea shelf and slope; food web studies, community ecology, biodiversity, zoogeography, environmental linkages
  • Arctic crab research (Fram Centre, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management)
    A study to assess abundance, biomass, population structure, fecundity, diet and role in the food web of Chionoecetes opilio in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas
  • A study of climate, oceanography and lower trophic levels in the Bering Sea and their relevance to people in the region
  • Russian-American Long-term Census of the Arctic (RUSALCA): Arctic Epibenthic Community Structure and Benthic Food Web Structure (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
    Towards building a time-series of interdisciplinary data sets from ocean conditions to faunal communities in the Russian and US parts of the Chukchi Sea

Completed national and international projects:

Selection of relevant scientific publications:

  1. Bluhm BA, Carmack E, Kosobokova K.  A tale of two basins: An integrated physical and biological perspective of the deep Arctic Ocean. Progress in Oceanography,
  2. Divine L, Iken K, Bluhm BA (2015) Regional benthic food web structure on the Alaskan Beaufort Sea shelf. Marine Ecology Progress Series 531:15-32
  3. Grebmeier JM, Bluhm BA, Cooper LW, Danielson S, Arrigo K, Blanchard AL, Clark JT, Day RH, Frey KE, Gradinger RR, Kedra M, Konar B, Kuletz KJ, Lee SH, Lovvorn JR, Norcross BL, Okkonen SR (2015) Ecosystem characteristics and processes facilitating persistent macrobenthic biomass hotspots and associated benthivory in the Pacific Arctic. Progress in Oceanography 136:92–114
  4. Renaud PE, Sejr MK, Bluhm BA, Sirenko B, Ellingsen IH (2015) The future of Arctic benthos: expansion, invasion, and biodiversity. Progress in Oceanography,
  5. Nelson RJ, Ashjian C, Bluhm B, Conlan K, Gradinger R, Grebmeier J, Hill V, Hopcroft R, Hunt B, Joo H, Kirchman D, Kosobokova K, Lee S, Li W, Lovejoy C, Poulin M, Sherr E, Young K (2014) Biodiversity and biogeography of the lower trophic fauna of the Pacific Arctic region – sensitivities to climate change. In: Grebmeier JM, Maslowski W, Zhao J (eds) The Pacific Arctic sector: status and trends.
  6. Hop H, Bluhm BA, Daase M, Gradinger R, Poulin M (2013) Arctic sea ice biota. In: Arctic Report Card: Update for 2013.
  7. Iken K, Bluhm BA, Søreide J (2013) Benthos. In: Arctic Report Card: Update for 2013.
  8. Josefson AB, Mokievsky V (lead authors), Bergman M, Blicher ME, Bluhm B, Cochrane S, Denisenko NV, Hasemann C, Jørgensen LL, Klages M, Schewe I, Sejr MK, Soltwedel T, Weslawski JM, Wlodarska-Kowalczuk (contributing authors) (2013) Chapter 8. Marine invertebrates. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment – Status and Trends in Biodiversity in the Arctic. CAFF Working Group of the Arctic Council.
  9. Michel C, Rice J (lead authors), Bluhm B, Duarte C, Galucci V, Gaston T, Gordillo FJL, Gradinger R, Hopcroft R, Jensen N, Mustonen T, Nielsen TG, Niemi A, Skjoldal HR (contributing authors) (2013) Chapter 11. Arctic Marine Ecosystems. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment – Status and Trends in Biodiversity in the Arctic. CAFF Working Group of the Arctic Council.
  10. Bluhm BA, Grebmeier JM, Archambault P, Blicher M, Guðmundsson G, Iken K, Lindal Jørgensen L, Mokievsky V (2012) Benthos. In: Arctic Report Card: Update for 2012.
  11. Michel C, Bluhm B, Gallucci V, Gaston T, Gordillo FJL, Gradinger R, Hopcroft R, Jensen N, Mustonen T, Niemi A, Nielsen TG (2012) Biodiversity of Arctic marine ecosystems and responses to climate change. Biodiversity 13:200-214
  12. McConnell B, Gradinger R, Iken K, Bluhm BA (2012) Growth rates of juvenile Scolelepis squamata (Polychaeta: Spionidae) from Chukchi Sea fast ice. Polar Biology 35:1487-1494
  13. Bluhm BA, Grebmeier JM (2011) Biodiversity – status and trends of benthic organisms. In: Arctic Report Card: Update for 2011.
  14. Bluhm BA, Gebruk AV, Gradinger R, Hopcroft RR, Huettmann F, Kosobokova KN, Sirenko SI, Weslawski JM (2011) Arctic marine biodiversity – an update of species richness and examples of biodiversity change. Oceanography 24:232–248
  15. Bluhm BA, Ambrose Jr WG, Bergmann M, Clough LM, Gebruk AV, Hasemann C, Iken K, Klages M, MacDonald IR, Renaud PE, Schewe I, Soltwedel T, Wlodarska-Kowalczuk M (2011) Diversity of the Arctic deep-sea benthos. Marine Biodiversity 41:87-107
  16. Piepenburg D, Archambault P, Ambrose WG Jr, Blanchard A, Bluhm BA, Carroll ML, Conlan K, Cusson M, Feder HM, Grebmeier JM, Jewett SC, Lévesque M, Petryashev VV, Sejr MK, Sirenko B, Włodarska-Kowalczuk M (2011) Towards a pan-Arctic inventory of the species diversity of the macro- and megabenthic fauna of the Arctic shelf seas. Marine Biodiversity 41:51-70
  17. Sharma J, Baguley J, Bluhm BA, Rowe G (2011) Do meio- and macrobenthic nematodes differ in community composition and body weight trends with depth? PLoS ONE 6(1): e14491
  18. Bluhm BA, Iken K, Hopcroft RR (2010) Observations and exploration of the Arctic’s Canada Basin and the Chukchi Sea: The Hidden Ocean and RUSALCA expeditions. Deep-Sea Research  II 57:1-4
  19. Bluhm BA, Gradinger RR, Schnack-Schiel SB (2010) Sea ice meio- and macrofauna. In: Thomas D, Dieckmann G (eds) Sea ice. 2nd edition. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, pp 357-394
  20. Bluhm B, Watts D, Huettmann F (2010) Free database availability, metadata and the Internet: an example of two high latitude components of the Census of Marine Life. In: Huettmann F, Cushman S.A. (eds) Spatial complexity, informatics and wildlife conservation. Springer, Tokyo, pp 233-244
  21. Gradinger R, Bluhm BA (2010) Timing of ice algal grazing by the Arctic nearshore benhic amphipod Onisimus litoralis. Arctic 63:355-358
  22. Gradinger R, Bluhm B, Iken K (2010) Arctic sea ice ridges – safe havens for sea ice fauna during periods of extreme ice melt? Deep-Sea Research II 57:86-95
  23. Iken K, Bluhm BA, Dunton K (2010) Benthic food web structure serves as indicator of water mass properties in the southern Chukchi Sea. Deep-Sea Research II 57:71-85
  24. MacDonald IR, Bluhm BA, Iken K, Gagaev S, Strong S (2010) Benthic macrofaunal and megafaunal assemblages in the Arctic deep-sea Canada Basin. Deep-Sea Research II 57:136-152
  25. Wei C-K, Rowe GT, Escobar-Briones E, Boetius A, Soltwedel T, Caley MJ, Soliman Y, Huettmann F, Qu F, Yu Z, Pitcher CR, Haedrich RL, Wicksten MK, Rex MA, Baguley JG, Sharma J, Danovaro R, MacDonald  IR, Nunnally CC, Deming JW, Montagna P, Lévesque M, Weslawski JM, Wlodarska-Kowalczuk M, Ingole BS, Bett BJ, Yool A, Bluhm BA, Iken K, Narayanaswamy BE (2010) Global patterns and predictions of seafloor biomass using random forests. PLoS ONE 5(12): e15323
  26. Bluhm BA, Iken K, Mincks SL, Sirenko BI, Holladay BA (2009) Community structure of epibenthic megafauna in the Chukchi Sea. Aquatic Biology 7:269-293
  27. Gradinger R, Bluhm BA (2009) Assessment of the abundance and diversity of sea ice biota. In: Eicken H, Gradinger R, Salganek M, Shirasawa K, Perovich D, Leppäranta M (eds) Handbook on field techniques in sea ice research (a sea ice system services approach). University of Alaska Press, Fairbanks, pp 283-300
  28. Gradinger R, Kaufman MR, Bluhm BA (2009) The pivotal role of sea ice sediments for the seasonal development of near-shore Arctic fast ice biota. Marine Ecology Progress Series 394:49-63
  29. Piepenburg D, Bluhm BA (2009) Arctic seafloor life, glasnost and climate change. In: Hempel G, Hempel I (eds) Biological studies in polar oceans – exploration of life in icy waters. Wirtschaftsverlag N.W., pp 133-142
  30. Bluhm BA, Gradinger R (2008) Regional variability in food availability for Arctic marine mammals. Ecological Applications 18 suppl: 77-96
  31. Kaufman MR, Gradinger RR, Bluhm BA, O’Brien DM (2008) Using stable isotopes to assess carbon and nitrogen turnover in the Arctic sympagic amphipod Onisimus litoralis. Oecologia 158:11-22
  32. Piraino S, Bluhm BA, Gradinger R, Boero F (2008) Sympagohydra tuuli gen. nov. et sp. nov. (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) a cool hydroid from the Arctic sea ice. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of United Kingdom 88:1637-1641
  33. Bluhm BA, Coyle CO, Konar B, Highsmith RC (2007) High gray whale densities at an oceanographic front in the south-central Chukchi Sea in 2003. Deep-Sea Research II 54:2919-2933
  34. Coyle KO, Bluhm BA, Konar B, Blanchard A, Highsmith RC (2007) Amphipod prey of gray whales in the northern Bering Sea: changes in biomass and distribution. Deep-Sea Research II 54:2906-2918
  35. Bluhm BA, Gradinger R, Piraino S (2007) First record of sympagic hydroids (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria) in Arctic coastal fast ice. Polar Biology 30:1557-1563
  36. Gradinger R, Bluhm BA (2006) Life in the crystal palace: flora and fauna of the Arctic sea ice. In Hempel H, Schiel S (eds) Life in the oceans – an ecological reader. Hauschild Verlag, in German, pp 39-47
  37. Highsmith RC, Coyle KO, Bluhm BA, Konar B (2006) Gray Whales in the Bering and Chukchi Seas. In Estes J, DeMaster DP, Doak DF, Williams TM, Brownell RL (eds) Whales, Whaling and Ocean Ecosystems. UC Press, pp 303-313
  38. Bluhm BA, MacDonald IR, Debenham C, Iken K (2005) Macro- and megabenthic communities in the high Arctic Canada Basin: initial findings. Polar Biology (spec. issue) 28:218-231
  39. Gradinger R, Meiners K, Plumley G, Zhang Q, Bluhm BA (2005) Abundance and composition of the sea ice meiofauna in off-shore pack ice of the Beaufort Gyre in summer 2002 and 2003. Polar Biology (spec. issue) 28:171-181
  40. Iken K, Bluhm BA, Gradinger R (2005) Food web structure in the high Arctic Canada Basin: evidence from 13C and 15N analysis. Polar Biology (spec. issue) 28:238-249
  41. Gradinger RR, Bluhm BA (2004) In situ observations on the distribution and behavior of amphipods and Arctic cod (Boreogadus saida) under the sea ice of the high Arctic Canadian Basin.  Polar Biology 27:595-603
  42. Bluhm BA, Bechtel, PJ (2003) The potential fate and effects of seafood processing wastes dumped at sea: A review. In Bechtel PJ (ed) Advances in Seafood Byproducts: 2002 Conference Proceedings. Alaska Sea Grant College Program, University of Alaska Fairbanks: pp 121-140
  43. Bluhm BA, Brey T (2001) Age determination in the Antarctic shrimp Notocrangon antarcticus (Pfeffer, 1887) (Crustacea: Decapoda) using the autofluorescent pigment lipofuscin. Marine Biology 138:247-257
  44. Bluhm BA, Brey T, Klages M (2001) The autofluorescent age pigment lipofuscin: key to age, growth and productivity of the Antarctic amphipod Waldeckia obesa (Chevreux, 1905). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 258:215-235
  45. Bluhm BA, Brey T, Klages M, Arntz WE (2001) Occurrence of the autofluorescent pigment lipofuscin in polar crustaceans and its potential as an age marker. Polar Biology 24:642-649
  46. Bluhm BA, Piepenburg D, v Juterzenka K (1998) Distribution, standing stock, growth, mortality and production of Strongylocentrotus pallidus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in the northern Barents Sea. Polar Biology 20:325-334