Martin Biuw » Members

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Martin Biuw

Senior Scientist Institute for Marine ResearchMarine Mammal Research Group
Work address Institute of Marine Research Fram Centre Tromsø 9296 Norway Work Phone: +47 40 72 96 15
Photo of Martin Biuw

Research interests:

I have extensive experience in marine mammal research, going back to my master’s degree in zoology at Stockholm University 1996-1997. I have worked extensively with southern elephant seals in the Souther Ocean, initially through a PhD at the University of St Andrews linked to the Australian Antarctic Division in Australia. I have worked extensively with the development of innovative instrumentation methods for the study of migratory patterns and ecophysiology in marine mammals, as well as instrumentation for collecting oceanographic data using marine mammals. I have organized a number of research expeditions to islands in the Southern Ocean, and was expedition leader on the expedition to Bouvet Island in 2007-2008, organized by the Norwegian Polar Institute. Since 2018 I have been employed at the Institute of Marine Research, within the marine mammal research group. I am responsible for population modeling and assessment of ice-breeding seals (harp and hooded seals). I am a member of the NAMMCO (North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission) Scientific Committee, and a national delegate for the International Whaling Commission.


  1. Biuw, M., Øigård, T. A., Nilssen, K. T., Stenson, G., & Haug, T. (2019). Estimation of pup production of harp and hooded seals in the Greenland Sea in 2018. WGHARP, WP SEA 247.
  2. Mul, E., Blanchet, M.-A., Biuw, M., & Rikardsen, A. (2019). Implications of tag positioning and performance on the analysis of cetacean movement. Animal Biotelemetry, 7(1), 11.
  3. Verfuss, U. K., Aniceto, A. S., Harris, D. V., Gillespie, D., Fielding, S., Jiménez, G., Johnston, P., Sinclair, R.R., Sivertsen, A., Solbø, S.A., Storvold, R., Biuw, M., Wyatt, R. (2019). A review of unmanned vehicles for the detection and monitoring of marine fauna. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 140.
  4. Harcourt, R., Sequeira, A. M. M., Zhang, X., Roquet, F., Komatsu, K., Heupel, M., McMahon, C., Whoriskey, F., Meekan, M., Carroll, G., Brodie, S., Simpfendorfer, C., Hindell, M., Jonsen, I., Costa, D.P., Block, B., Muelbert, M., Woodward, B., Weise, M., Aarestrup, K., Biuw, M., Boehme, L., Bograd, S.J., Cazau, D., Charrassin, J.-B., Cooke, S.J., Cowley, P., de Bruyn, P.J.N., Jeanniard du Dot, T., Duarte, C., Eguíluz, V.M., Ferreira, L.C., Fernández-Gracia, J., Goetz, K., Goto, Y., Guinet, C., Hammill, M., Hays, G.C., Hazen, E.L., Hückstädt, L.A., Huveneers, C., Iverson, S., Jaaman, S.A., Kittiwattanawong, K., Kovacs, K.M., Lydersen, C., Moltmann, T., Naruoka, M., Phillips, L., Picard, B., Queiroz, N., Reverdin, G., Sato, K., Sims, D.W., Thorstad, E.B., Thums, M., Treasure, A.M., Trites, A.W., Williams, G.D., Yonehara, Y.,  Fedak, M. A. (2019). Animal-borne telemetry: An integral component of the ocean observing toolkit. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(JUN).
  5. Vacquie-Garcia, J., Lydersen, C., Biuw, M., Haug, T., Fedak, M. A., & Kovacs, K. M. (2017). Hooded seal Cystophora cristata foraging areas in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean—Investigated using three complementary methods. PLoS ONE, 12(12).
  6. Aune, M., Aniceto, A. S., Biuw, M., Daase, M., Falk-Petersen, S., Leu, E., … Camus, L. (2018). Seasonal ecology in ice-covered Arctic seas – Considerations for spill response decision making. Marine Environmental Research, 141(March), 275–288.
  7. Biuw, M., Nilssen, K. T., Haug, T., & Stenson, G. (2018). Report From Surveys To Assess Harp And Hooded Seal Pup Production In The Greenland Sea Pack-Ice In 2018, (7). Retrieved from
  8. Aniceto, A. S., Biuw, M., Lindstrøm, U., Solbø, S. A., Broms, F., & Carroll, J. (2018). Monitoring marine mammals using unmanned aerial vehicles: Quantifying detection certainty. Ecosphere, 9(3).
  9. Blanchet, M.-A., Acquarone, M., Biuw, M., Larsen, R., Nordøy, E. S., & Folkow, L. P. (2018). A life after research? First release of harp seals (Pagophilus groenlandicus) after temporary captivity for scientific purposes. Aquatic Mammals, 44(4).
  10. Aniceto, A. S., Biuw, M., Lindstrøm, U., Solbø, S. A., Broms, F., & Carroll, J. (2018). Monitoring marine mammals using unmanned aerial vehicles: Quantifying detection certainty. Ecosphere, 9(3).
  11. Boehme, L., A. Baker, M. Fedak, M. Årthun, K. Nicholls, P. Robinson, D. Costa, M. Biuw and T. Photopoulou (2016). Bimodal Winter Haul-out Patterns of Adult Weddell Seals (Leptonychotes Weddellii) in the Southern Weddell Sea. PLoS ONE 11 (5).
  12. Ramasco, V., F. Barraquand, M. Biuw, B. McConnell and K.T. Nilssen (2015). The Intensity of Horizontal and Vertical Search in a Diving Forager: The Harbour Seal. Movement Ecology 3(1):15. doi:10.1186/s40462-015-0042-9.
  13. Blanchet, M.A., C. Lydersen, M. Biuw, P.J.N. De Bruyn, G. Hofmeyr, B.A. Krafft and K.M. Kovacs (2014). Instrumentation and Handling Effects on Antarctic Fur Seals (Arctocephalus Gazella). Polar Research 33. doi:10.3402/polar.v33.21630.
  14. Lowther, A.D., C. Lydersen, M. Biuw, P.J.N. De Bruyn, G. Hofmeyr and K.M. Kovacs (2014). Post-Breeding at-Sea Movements of Three Central-Place Foragers in Relation to Submesoscale Fronts in the Southern Ocean around Bouvetøya. Antarctic Science 26 (5): 533-544. doi:10.1017/S0954102014000170.
  15. Ramasco, V., M. Biuw and K.T. Nilssen (2014). Improving Time Budget Estimates through the Behavioural Interpretation of Dive Bouts in Harbour Seals. Animal Behaviour 94: 117–34. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2014.05.015.
  16. Zhou, Q., T. Hattermann, O. A. Nøst, M. Biuw, K. M. Kovacs and C. Lydersen. (2014). Wind-Driven Spreading of Fresh Surface Water beneath Ice Shelves in the Eastern Weddell Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 119 (6): 3818–33. doi:10.1002/2013JC009556.
  17. Arriola, A., M. Biuw, M. Walton, S. Moss and P. Pomeroy  (2013). Selective Blubber Fatty Acid Mobilization in Lactating Gray Seals (Halichoerus Grypus). Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 86 (4): 441–50. doi:10.1086/671446.
  18. Blanchet, M.A., M. Biuw, G. Hofmeyr, P.J.N. De Bruyn, C. Lydersen K.M. Kovacs. (2013). At-Sea Behaviour of Three Krill Predators Breeding at Bouvetøya – Antarctic Fur Seals, Macaroni Penguins and Chinstrap Penguins. Marine Ecology Progress Series 477 (285–302). doi:10.3354/meps10110.
  19. Close, S.E., A.C. Naveira Garabato, E.L. McDonagh, B.A. King and M. Biuw. (2013). Control of Mode and Intermediate Water Properties in Drake Passage by the Amundsen Sea Low. Journal of Climate American Meteorological Society. doi:10.1175/jcli-d-12-00346.1.
  20. Roquet, F., C. Wunsch, G. Forget, P. Heimbach, C. Guinet, G. Reverdin, J.B. Charrassin, F. Baillul, D.P. Costa, L.A. Hucktadt, K.T. Goetz, K.M. Kovacs, C. Lydersen, M. Biuw, O.A. Nøst et al. (2013). Estimates of the Southern Ocean General Circulation Improved by Animal-Borne Instruments. Geophysical Research Letters 40 (23): 6176–80. doi:10.1002/2013GL058304.
  21. Miller, P.J.O., M. Biuw, Y.Y. Watanabe, D. Thompson and M.A. Fedak. (2012). Sink Fast and Swim Harder! Round-Trip Cost-of-Transport for Buoyant Divers. Journal of Experimental Biology 215 (20): 3622–30. doi:10.1242/jeb.070128.
  22. Aoki, K., Y.Y. Watanabe, D.E. Crocker, P.W. Robinson, M. Biuw, D.P. Costa, N. Miyazaki, M.A. Fedak, and P.J.O. Miller. (2011). Northern Elephant Seals Adjust Gliding and Stroking Patterns with Changes in Buoyancy: Validation of at-Sea Metrics of Body Density. Journal of Experimental Biology 214 (17): 2973–87. doi:10.1242/jeb.055137.
  23. Derocher, A.E., M. Andersen, O. W., J. Aars, E. Hansen and M.Biuw. (2011). Sea Ice and Polar Bear Den Ecology at Hopen Island, Svalbard. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 441: 273–79. doi:10.3354/meps09406.
  24. Meredith, M.P., K.W. Nicholls, I.A. Renfrew, L. Boehme, M. Biuw and M.A. Fedak. (2011). Seasonal Evolution of the Upper-Ocean Adjacent to the South Orkney Islands, Southern Ocean: Results from A ‘lazy Biological Mooring’. Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography 58: 1569–79. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.07.008.
  25. Nost, O.A., M. Biuw, V. Tverberg, C. Lydersen, T. Hattermann, Q. Zhou, L.H. Smedsrud and K.M. Kovacs. (2011). Eddy Overturning of the Antarctic Slope Front Controls Glacial Melting in the Eastern Weddell Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 116, C11014, doi:10.1029/2011jc006965.
  26. Biuw, M., O.A. Nøst, A. Stien, Q. Zhou, C. Lydersen, K.M. Kovacs and O.A. Nøst. (2010). Effects of Hydrographic Variability on the Spatial, Seasonal and Diel Diving Patterns of Southern Elephant Seals in the Eastern Weddell Sea. Plos One 5 (11). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013816.
  27. Biuw, M., C. Lydersen, P.J.N. De Bruyn, A. Arriola, G. Hofmeyr, P. Kritzinger and K.M. Kovacs. (2010). Long-Range Migration of a Chinstrap Penguin from Bouvetoya to Montagu Island, South Sandwich Islands. Antarctic Science 22 (2): 157–62. doi:10.1017/s0954102009990605.
  28. Boehme, L., K. Kovacs, C. Lydersen, O.A. Nøst, M. Biuw, J.B. Charrassin, F. Roquet, et al. (2010). Biologging in the Global Ocean Observing System. In Proceedings of OceanObs09 Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society Vol 2. European Space Agency.
  29. Charrassin, J.B., F. Roquet, Y.H. Park, F. Bailleul, C. Guinet, M.M. Meredith, K. Nicholls, et al. (2010). New Insights into Southern Ocean Physical and Biological Processes Revealed by Instrumented Elephant Seals.” In Wildlife Research. European Space Agency.
  30. Biuw, M., B.A. Krafft, G. Hofmeyr, C. Lydersen and K.M. Kovacs. (2009). Time Budgets and at-Sea Behaviour of Lactating Female Antarctic Fur Seals Arctocephalus Gazella at Bouvetoya. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 385: 271–84. doi:10.3354/meps08025.
  31. Boehme, L., P. Lovell, M. Biuw, F. Roquet, J. Nicholson, S.E. Thorpe, M.P. Meredith and M. Fedak. (2009). Animal-Borne CTD-Satellite Relay Data Loggers for Real-Time Oceanographic Data Collection. Ocean Science 5 (4): 685–95. doi:10.5194/os-5-685-2009.
  32. Graves, J.A., A. Helyar, M. Biuw, M. Jussi, I. Jussi and O. Karlsson. (2009). Microsatellite and mtDNA Analysis of the Population Structure of Grey Seals (Halichoerus Grypus) from Three Breeding Areas in the Baltic Sea. Conservation Genetics 10 (1): 59–68. doi:10.1007/s10592-008-9517-1.
  33. Boehme, L., M.P. Meredith, S.E. Thorpe, M. Biuw and M. Fedak. (2008). The Antarctic Circumpolar Current Frontal System in the South Atlantic: Monitoring Using Merged Argo and Animal-Borne Sensor Data. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 113 (C9). doi:10.1029/2007jc004647.
  34. Boehme, L., S.E. Thorpe, M. Biuw, M. Fedak and M.P. Meredith. (2008). Monitoring Drake Passage with Elephant Seals: Frontal Structures and Snapshots of Transport. Limnology and Oceanography 53 (5): 2350–60. doi:10.4319/lo.2008.53.5_part_2.2350.
  35. Charrassin, J.B, M. Hindell, S.R. Rintoul, F. Roquet, S. Sokolov, M. Biuw, D. Costa, et al.  (2008). Southern Ocean Frontal Structure and Sea-Ice Formation Rates Revealed by Elephant Seals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105 (33): 11634–39. doi:10.1073/pnas.0800790105.
  36. Nicholls, K.W., L. Boehme, M. Biuw and M.A. Fedak. (2008). Wintertime Ocean Conditions over the Southern Weddell Sea Continental Shelf, Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters 35 (21). doi:10.1029/2008gl035742.
  37. Bailleul, F., J.B. Charrassin, P. Monestiez, F. Roquet, M. Biuw and C. Guinet. (2007). Successful Foraging Zones of Southern Elephant Seals from the Kerguelen Islands in Relation to Oceanographic Conditions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 362 (1487): 2169–81. doi:10.1098/rstb.2007.2109.
  38. Biuw, M., L. Boehme, C. Guinet, M. Hindell, D. Costa, J.B. Charrassin, F. Roquet et al. (2007). Variations in Behavior and Condition of a Southern Ocean Top Predator in Relation to in Situ Oceanographic Conditions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104 (34): 13705–10. doi:10.1073/pnas.0701121104.
  39. Gallon, S.L., C.E. Sparling, J.Y. Georges, M.A. Fedak, M. Biuw and D. Thompson. (2007). How Fast Does a Seal Swim? Variations in Swimming Behaviour under Differing Foraging Conditions. Journal of Experimental Biology 210 (18): 3285–94. doi:10.1242/jeb.007542.
  40. Hooker, S.K., M. Biuw, B. J. McConnell, P.J. Miller and C.E. Sparling. (2007). Bio-Logging Science: Logging and Relaying Physical and Biological Data Using Animal-Attached Tags. Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography 54 (3–4): 177–82. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.01.001.
  41. Fedak, M., P. Lovell, J. Nicholson, M Biuw, L. Bohme and K.M. Kovacs. (2006). Enlisting Marine Mammals as Oceanographic Explorers: Unique CTD Profilers for IPY. Geophysical Research Abstracts 8: 8935.
  42. Biuw, M, B. McConnell, C.J.A. Bradshaw, H. Burton and M. Fedak. (2003). Blubber and Buoyancy: Monitoring the Body Condition of Free-Ranging Seals Using Simple Dive Characteristics. Journal of Experimental Biology 206 (19): 3405–23. doi:10.1242/jeb.00583.