Paul Renaud » Members

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Paul Renaud

Senior researcher (APN), Professor II (UNIS) Akvaplan-nivaArctic R&D
Work address Akvaplan-niva AS Fram Centre Tromsø 9296 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 75 03 19
Photo of Paul Renaud

Research interests:Community structure of Arctic benthos

  • Food web dynamics / trophic exchange
  • Pelagic-benthic coupling
  • Marine biodiversity and ecosystem function
  • Environmental management.

Running national and international projects:

  • 2020-2021 “Ecology and management of the invasive snow crab: mobility grant for postdoctoral fellow” Norges forskningsråd 62k NOK (PI)
  • 2020-2021 “Harmonization of methods of marine microplastic assessment in the Arctic” Norges forskningsråd 65k NOK (of 480k NOK total, co-PI)
  • 2019-2022 ” Ecology and management of the invasive snow crab: Predicting expansion, impacts and sustainability in the Arctic under climate change (EISA)” Norges forskningsråd 8.9 M NOK (Project Manager and co-PI)
  • 2018-2020 “Environmental monitoring of Arctic coastal ecosystems: Sensitivity to petroleum pollution (Arctic EcoSens)” Norges forskningsråd 5.3 M NOK (PI)
  • 2017-2021 “Effects of terrestrial inputs on contaminant dynamics in Arctic coastal ecosystems (TerrACE)” Norges forskningsråd 1.2M NOK (of 10M NOK total) (co-PI)

Completed national and international projects:

  • 2017-2018 “EFFECTS: Examining the role of fish-falls on ecosystem processes in highly exploited fjord systems” Fram Centre/Norwegian Department of Climate and Environment 740k NOK (PI)
  • 2016-2019 “A transatlantic innovation arena for sustainable development in the Arctic (CoArc)” Foreign Ministry of Norway 6.9M NOK (of 14.3M NOK total) (co-PI)
  • 2015-2019 “Arctic Ocean ecosystems – Applied technology, Biological interactions and Consequences in an era of abrupt climate change (Arctic ABC)” Norges forskningsråd 300k NOK (of 25M NOK total)
  • “Combined effects of multiple organic stressors from jellyfish blooms and aquaculture operations on seafloor ecosystems (JellyFarm)” (2015-2018, NFR)
  • “Declining size – a general response to climate warming in Arctic fauna? (DWARF)” (2014-2017, NFR)
  • “POLNOR – The changing ocean of the Polar north” (2014-2017, NFR)
  • “Environmental management of petroleum activities in the Barents Sea: Norwegian-Russian collaboration (EMAP)” (2014-2017, NFR)
  • “Integrated assessment of oil spill impact and recovery on Brazilian coastal habitats” (2013-2016 NFR)
  • “Mare incognitum – ecological processes during the polar night (MarineNight)”  (2012-2015, NFR)
  • “Ecosystem-based management of the Barents Sea: benthic ecosystem modeling” Norges forskningsråd (Principle investigator)
  • “Benthic responses to seasonal carbon inputs: size-partitioned remineralization on two Arctic continental shelves” US National Science Foundation Polar Programs (Principle investigator)
  • “Secondary-education opportunities in Arctic research” Connecticut SeaGrant, USA
  • “LISICOS: The Long Island Sound Observing System” US National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (co-Principle investigator)
  • “Analysis of Georges Bank Benthic Communities” Marine Conservation Biology Institute
  • “Identification of infaunal communities from Georges Bank” US National Marine Fisheries Service
  • “Modeling benthic consumption, advection, and carbon subsidies in the Barents Sea” Norges forskningsråd (Principle investigator)
  • “Dynamic ranges of contaminants in polar marine ecosystems” Norges forskningsråd
  • “ECOBAR: Benthic indicators for monitoring the Ecosystem of the Barents Sea” Norges forskningsrådet (Principle investigator)
  • “Arctic Tipping Points” EU 7th Framework Programme (co-PI)

Peer-reviewed articles and book chapters (since 2010):

  1. Iglikowska, A., M. Krzemińska, P. Renaud, J. Berge, H. Hop, P. Kuklinski. 2020. Summer and winter MgCO3 levels in skeleton of Arctic bryozoans. Marine Environmental Research 162:105166 doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2020.105166.
  2. Bluhm B.A., M. Janout, S. Danielson, I. Ellingsen, M. Gavrilo, J.M. Grebmeier, R.R. Hopcroft, K.B. Iken, R.B. Ingvaldsen, L.L. Jørgensen, K.N. Kosobokova, R. Kwok, I. Polyakov, P.E. Renaud, E.C. Carmack. 2020. The pan-Arctic continental slope: sharp gradients of physical processes affect pelagic and benthic ecosystems. Frontiers in Marine Science 7:544386 doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.544386.
  3. Yakushev, E., P. Wallhead, P.E. Renaud, A. Ilinskaya, E. Protsenko, S. Yakubov, S. Pakhomova, A.K. Sweetman, K.M. Dunlop, A. Berezina, R.G.J. Bellerby, T. Dale. 2020. Understanding the Biogeochemical Impacts of Fish Farms using a Benthic-Pelagic Model. Water 12, 2384; doi:10.3390/w12092384.
  4. Klootwijk, A.T., E. Alve, S. Hess, P.E. Renaud, C. Sørlie, J.K. Dolven. 2020. In situ reference conditions of benthic foraminifera and sediment geochemistry reveal no clear impact of fish farming in a northern Norwegian fjord. Ecological Applications 120: 106818 doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106818.
  5. Solan, M., P. Archambault, P.E. Renaud, C. März. 2020. The Changing Arctic Ocean: consequences for biological communities, biogeochemical processes and ecosystem functioning. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A doi: 10.1098/rsta.2020.0266
  6. Morata, N. E. Michaud, M.-A. Poullaouec, J. Devesa, M. Le Goff, R. Corvaisier, P.E. Renaud. 2020. Climate change and diminishing seasonality in Arctic benthic processes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 20190369 doi: 10.1098/rsta.2019.0369.
  7. Lalande, C., K. Dunlop, P.E. Renaud, G. Nadaï, A.K. Sweetman. 2020. Seasonal variations in downward particle fluxes in Norwegian fjords. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 241: 106811 doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2020.106811.
  8. McGovern, M., A. Poste, E. Oug, P.E. Renaud, H.C. Trannum. 2020. Riverine impacts on benthic biodiversity and functional traits: A comparison of two sub-Arctic fjords. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 240:106774 doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2020.106774.
  9. Berge, J., M. Geoffroy, M. Daase, F. Cottier, P. Priou, J. H. Cohen, G. Johnsen, D. McKee, I. Kostakis, P.E. Renaud, D. Vogedes, P. Anderson, K. S. Last, S. Gauthier. 2020. Artificial light from a ship during the polar night disrupts Arctic fish and zooplankton behaviour down to 200m depth. Communications Biology 3: 102  doi:10.1038/s42003-020-0807-6.
  10. Mazurkiewicz, M., B. Górska, P.E. Renaud, M. Włodarska-Kowalczuk. 2020. Latitudinal consistency of biomass size spectra – benthic resilience despite environmental, taxonomic and functional trait variability. Scientific Reports 10: 4164 doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-60889-4.
  11. Renaud, P.E., W.G. Ambrose Jr., J.M. Węsławski. 2020. Benthic communities in the Polar Night. Chapter 6 in: Berge, J., G. Johnsen, J. Cohen (eds.) Polar Night Marine Ecology. Advances in Polar Ecology v 4. Springer, Cham Switzerland, pp 161-180.
  12. Morgunova, I.P., V.I. Petrova, I.V. Litvinenko, A.V. Kursheva, P.E. Renaud, A.I. Granovitch. 2019. Hydrocarbon molecular markers in the Holocene bottom sediments of the Barents Sea as indicators of natural and anthropogenic impacts. Marine Pollution Bulletin 149: 110587 doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019. 110587.
  13. Bluhm, B.A., R. Kilada, W.G. Ambrose Jr., P.E. Renaud, W. Locke, J. Sundet. 2019. First record of cuticle bands in the stomach ossicles of the red king crab Paralithodes camtschaticus (Tilesius, 1815) (Decapoda: Anomura: Lithodidae) from Norway. Journal of Crustacean Biology 2019: 1-8 doi: 10.1093/jcbiol/ruz064.
  14. Renaud. P.E., P. Wallhead, J. Kotta, M. Włodarska-Kowalczuk, R.G.J. Bellerby, M. Rätsep, D. Slagstad. P. Kukliński. 2019. Arctic Sensitivity? Suitable habitat for benthic taxa is surprisingly robust to climate change. Frontiers in Marine Sciences 6: 538 doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00538.
  15. Zhulay, I., K. Iken, P.E. Renaud, B.A. Bluhm. 2019. Epifaunal communities across marine landscapes of the deep Chukchi Borderland (Pacific Arctic). Deep-Sea Research I 151: 103065 doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2019.06.011.
  16. Oleszczuk, B., E. Michaud, N. Morata, P.E. Renaud, M. Kędra. 2019. Benthic macrofaunal bioturbation activities from shelf to deep basin in spring to summer transition in the Arctic Ocean. Marine Environmental Research 150: 104746 doi:10.1016/j.marenvres.2019.06.008.
  17. Geoffrey, M., M. Daase, M. Cusa, G. Darnis, M. Graeve, N.S. Hernandez, J. Berge, P.E. Renaud, F. Cottier, S. Falk-Petersen. 2019. Mesopelagic sound scattering layers of the high Arctic: seasonal variations in biomass, species assemblage, and trophic relationships. Frontiers in Marine Sciences 6:364 doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00364.
  18. Mazurkiewicz, M., J. Legeżyńska, P.E. Renaud, B. Górska, M. Włodarska-Kowalczuk, J. Berge. 2019. Seasonal consistency (summer vs. winter) of benthic size spectra in an Arctic fjord. Polar Biology 42: 1255–1270 doi: 0.1007/s00300-019-02515-2
  19. Leopold, P., P.E. Renaud, W.G. Ambrose, J. Berge. 2019. High Arctic Mytilus spp. – occurrence, distribution and history of dispersal. Polar Biology 42: 237–244 doi: 10.1007/s00300-018-2415-1
  20. McGovern, M., P.E. Renaud, J. Berge, B. Szymczycha, J.M. Węsławski. 2018. Hyperbenthic food-web structure in an Arctic fjord. Marine Ecology Progress Series 603: 29–4, doi: 10.3354/meps12713.
  21. Silberberger, M.J., P.E. Renaud, L. Buhl-Mortensen, I.H. Ellingsen, H. Reiss. 2018. Spatial patterns in sub-Arctic benthos: multiscale analysis reveals structural differences between community components. Ecological Monographs doi:10.1002/ecm.1325
  22. Renaud, P.E., M. Daase, N.S. Banas, T.M Gabrielsen, J. Søreide, Ø. Varpe, F. Cottier, S. Falk-Petersen, C. Halsband, D. Vogedes, K. Heggland, J. Berge. 2018. Pelagic food-webs in a changing Arctic: A trait-based perspective suggests a mode of resilience. ICES Journal of Marine Science 75: 871–1881 doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsy063.
  23. Silberberger, M., P.E. Renaud, I. Kröncke, H. Reiss. 2018. Food web structure in four locations along the European shelf indicates spatial differences in ecosystem functioning. Frontiers in Marine Science 5:119 doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00119.
  24. Shunatova, N., D. Nikishina, M. Ivanov, J. Berge, P. Renaud. T. Ivanova, A. Granovitch. 2018. The longer the better: the effect of substrate on sessile biota in Arctic kelp forests. Polar Biology 41: 993–1011 doi:10.1007/s00300-018-2263-z.
  25. Halsband, C., S. Majaneva, A. Hosia, P.A. Emaus, F. Gaardsted, Q. Zhou, O.A. Nøst, P.E. Renaud. 2017. Jellyfish summer distribution, diversity and impact on fish farms in a Nordic fjord. Marine Ecology Progress Series 591: 267–279 doi: 10.3354/meps12274.
  26. Sardi, A.E., P.E. Renaud, G.C. Morais, C.C. Martins, P.C. Lana, L. Camus. 2017. Effects of an in situ diesel oil spill on oxidative stress in the clam Anomalocardia flexuosa. Environmental Pollution 230: 891-901 doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2017.07.040.
  27. Meyer, K.S., A.K. Sweetman, P. Kuklinski, P. Leopold, D. Vogedes, J. Berge, C. Griffiths, C.M. Young, P.E. Renaud. 2017. Recruitment of benthic invertebrates in high Arctic fjords: relation to temperature, depth, and season. Limnology and Oceanography 62: 2732–2744 doi: 10.1002/lno.10602.
  28. Darnis, G., L. Hobbs, M. Geoffroy, J.C. Grenvald, P.E. Renaud, J. Berge, F. Cottier, S. Kristiansen, M. Daase, J. Søreide, A. Wold, N. Morata, T. Gabrielsen. 2017. From polar night to midnight sun: diel vertical migration, metabolism and biogeochemical role of zooplankton in a high Arctic fjord (Kongsfjorden, Svalbard) Limnology and Oceanography 62: 1586-1605 doi: 10.1002/lno.10519.
  29. Kędra, M., P.E. Renaud, H. Andrade. 2017. Epibenthic diversity and productivity on heavily trawled Barents Sea bank (Tromsøflaket). Oceanologia 59: 93-101 doi: 10.1016/j.oceano.2016.12.001.
  30. Vihtakari, M., W.G. Ambrose Jr, P.E. Renaud, W.L. Locke V, M.L Carroll, J. Berge, L.J. Clarke, F. Cottier, H. Hop. 2017. A key to the past? Element ratios as environmental proxies in two Arctic bivalves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 465: 316–332 doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.10.020.Cochrane, S., J.H. Andersen, T. Berg, H. Blanchet, A. Borja, J. Carstensen, M. Elliott, H. Hummel, N. Niquil, P.E. Renaud. 2016. What is marine biodiversity? Towards common concepts and their implications for assessing biodiversity status. Frontiers in Marine Science 3: 248 doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00248.
  31. Hunt, G.L. Jr., K.F. Drinkwater, K. Arrigo, J. Berge, K.L. Daly, S. Danielson, M. Daase, H. Hop, E. Isla, N. Karnovsky, K. Laidre, E.J. Murphy, F. Mueter, P.E. Renaud, W.O. Smith Jr., P. Trathan, D. Wolf-Gladrow. 2016. Advection in polar and sub-polar environments: Impacts on high latitude marine ecosystems. Progress in Oceanography 149: 40–81 doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2016.10.004.
  32. Sardi, A.E., P.E. Renaud, P.C. Lana, L. Camus. 2016. Baseline levels of oxidative stress biomarkers in species from a subtropical estuarine system (Paranaguá Bay, southern Brazil). Marine Pollution Bulletin in press doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.08.014.
  33. Grenvald, J., T.A. Callesen, M. Daase, L. Hobbs, G. Darnis, P.E. Renaud, F. Cottier, T.G. Nielsen, J. Berge. 2016. Plankton community composition and vertical migration during polar night in Kongsfjorden. Polar Biology 10: 1879-1895 doi: 10.1007/s00300-016-2015-x.
  34. Silberberger, M.J., P.E. Renaud, B. Espinasse, H. Reiss. 2016. Spatial and temporal structure of the meroplankton community in a sub-Arctic shelf system. Marine Ecology Progress Series 555: 79 – 93 doi: 10.3354/meps11818.
  35. Maltseva, A.L., M.A. Varfolomeeva, A.A. Lobov, N.A. Mikhailova, P.E. Renaud, A.B. Grishankov, K.Y. Volovik, A.I. Granovitch. 2016. Measuring physiological similarity of closely related littorinid species: a proteomic insight. Marine Ecology Progress Series 552: 177–193.
  36. Vihtakari, M., J.N. Havenhand, P.E. Renaud, I.E. Hendriks. 2016. Variable individual- and population-level responses to ocean acidification. Frontiers in Marine Science 3: 51 doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00051.
  37. Sweetman, A.K., A. Chelsky, K.A. Pitt, H. Andrade, D. van Oevelen, P.E. Renaud. 2016. Jellyfish decomposition at the seafloor rapidly alters biogeochemical cycling and carbon flow through benthic food-webs. Limnology and Oceanography 61: 1149-1161 doi: 10.1002/lno.10310.
  38. Vihtakari, M., P.E Renaud, L.J. Clarke, M.J. Whitehouse, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose Jr. 2016. Decoding the oxygen isotope signal for seasonal growth patterns in Arctic bivalves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 446: 263-283
  39. Evenset, A., I.G. Hallanger, M. Tessmann, N. Warner, A. Ruus, K. Borgå, G.W. Gabrielsen, G. Christensen, P.E. Renaud. 2016. Seasonal variation in accumulation of persistent organic pollutants in an Arctic marine benthic food web. Science of the Total Environment doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.10.092
  40. Ambrose, W.G., W.L. Locke V, G.F. Bigelow, P.E. Renaud. 2016. Deposition of annual growth lines in the apex of the common limpet (Patella vulgata) from Shetland Islands, UK, and Norway: evidence from field marking and shell mineral content of annual line deposition. Environmental Archaeology doi:10.1179/1749631414Y.0000000058
  41. Berge, J., M. Daase, P.E. Renaud, W.G. Ambrose, Jr., G. Darnis, K.S. Last, E. Leu, J. Cohen, G. Johnsen, M.A. Moline, F. Cottier, Ø. Varpe, N. Shunatova, P. Bałazy, N. Morata, J.-C. Massabuau, S. Falk-Petersen, K. Kosobokova, C.J.M. Hoppe, J.M. Węsławski, P. Kuklinski, J. Legeżyńska, D. Nikishina, M. Cusa, M. Kędra, M. Włodarska-Kowalczuk, D. Vogedes, L. Camus, D. Tran, E. Michaud, T.M. Gabrielsen, A. Granovitch, A. Gonchar, R. Krapp, T.A. Callesen. 2015. Unexpected levels of biological activity during the polar night offers new perspectives on a warming Arctic. Current Biology 25: 1-7
  42. Renaud, P.E., T.S. Løkken, L.L. Jørgensen, J. Berge, B.J. Johnson. 2015. Macroalgal detritus and food-web subsidies along an Arctic fjord depth-gradient. Frontiers in Marine Science 2:31 doi: 10.3389/fmars.2015.00031
  43. Meyer, K.S., A.K. Sweetman, C.M. Young, P.E. Renaud. 2015. Environmental factors structuring Arctic deep-sea megabenthos – a case study from a shelf and two fjord sites. Frontiers in Marine Science 2: 22. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2015.00022
  44. Berge, J., F. Cottier, G. Darnis, S. Falk-Petersen, T. Gabrielsen, G. Johnsen, K. Last, E. Leu, O.J. Lønne, M. Moline, J. Nahrgang, P.E. Renaud, L. Seuthe, J. Søreide, Ø. Varpe, J.M. Węsławski, M. Daase. 2015. In the dark: a review of ecosystem processes during the Arctic polar night. Progress in Oceanography in press doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2015.08.005
  45. Orlova, E.L., A.V. Dolgov, P.E. Renaud, M. Greenacre, C. Halsband, V. Ivshin. 2015. Climatic and ecological drivers of euphausiid community structure vary spatially in the Barents Sea: relationships from a 58-year time series. Frontiers in Marine Science 1:74. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2014.00074
  46. Vihtakari, M., I.E. Hendriks, J. Holding, P.E. Renaud, C.M. Duarte, J.N. Havenhand. 2013. Combined effects of ocean acidification and warming on sperm activity and early life stages of the Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis). Water 5: 1890-1915 doi:10.3390/w5041890
  47. Narayanaswamy, B., M. Coll, R. Danovaro, K. Davidson, H. Ojaveer, P.E. Renaud. 2013. Synthesis of knowledge on marine biodiversity in European Seas: from census to sustainable management. PLoS ONE 8:e58909, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058909
  48. Majaneva, S., J. Berge, P.E. Renaud, A. Vader, E. Stübner, A.M. Rao, Ø. Sparre, M. Lehtiniemi. 2013. Aggregations of predator and prey affect predation impact of the Arctic ctenophore Mertensia ovum. Marine Ecology Progress Series 476: 87-100.
  49. Hunt, G.L., A.L. Blanchard, P. Boveng, P. Dalpadado, K. Drinkwater, L. Eisner, R. Hopcroft, K.M. Kovacs, B.L. Norcross, P. Renaud, M. Reigstad, M. Renner, H.R. Skjoldal, G.A. Whitehouse, R. Woodgate. 2013. The Barents and Chukchi Seas: Comparison of two Arctic shelf ecosystems Journal of Marine Systems 109/110: 43-68   doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.08.003
  50. Krause-Jensen, D., N. Marbà, B. Olesen, M.K. Sejr, P. Christensen, J. Rodrigues, P.E. Renaud, S. Rysgaard. 2012. Seasonal sea ice cover as principal driver of spatial and temporal variation in depth extension and annual production of kelp in Greenland. Global Change Biology 18: 2981-2994 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02765.x
  51. Włodarska-Kowalczuk, M., P.E. Renaud, J.M. Węsławski, S. Cochrane, S.G. Denisenko. 2012. Species diversity, functional complexity and rarity in Arctic fjordic versus open shelf benthic systems. Marine Ecology Progress Series 463: 73-87
  52. Węsławski, J.M., M. Kędra, J. Przytarska, L. Kotwicki, I. Ellingsen, J. Skarðhamar, P. Renaud, I. Goszczko. 2012. A huge biocatalytic filter in the centre of the Barents Sea shelf? Oceanologia 54: 325-335Berge, J. T.M: Gabrielsen, M. Moline, P.E. Renaud. 2012 Evolution of the Arctic Calanus complex – an Arctic marine avocado? Journal of Plankton Research 34: 191-195
  53. Renaud, P.E., J. Berge, Ø. Varpe, O.J. Lønne, J. Nahrgang, C. Ottesen, I. Hallanger. 2012. Is the poleward expansion by Atlantic cod and haddock threatening native polar cod, Boreogadus saida? Polar Biology 35: 401-412
  54. Andrade, H., P.E. Renaud. 2011. Polychaete/amphipod ratio as an indicator of environmental impact related to offshore oil and gas production along the Norwegian Coast. Marine Pollution Bulletin 62: 2839-2844
  55. Jørgensen, L.L., P.E. Renaud, S.K. Cochrane. 2011. Improving benthic monitoring by combining trawl and grab surveys. Marine Pollution Bulletin 62: 1183-1190
  56. Falk-Petersen, J., P.E. Renaud, N. Anisimova. 2011. Establishment and ecosystem effects of the alien invasive red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) in the Barents Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsq192
  57. Morata, N., M. Poulin, P.E. Renaud. 2011. A multiple biomarker approach to tracking the fate of an ice algal bloom to the sea floor. Polar Biology 34: 101-112  doi 10.1007/s00300-010-0863-3
  58. Orlova, E.L., G.B. Rudneva, P.E. Renaud, K. Eiane, V. Savinov, A.S. Yurko. 2010. Climate impacts on feeding and condition of capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the Barents Sea: Evidence and mechanisms from a 30-year data series. Aquatic Biology 10:105-118

Popular science and outreach:

  • Berge, J., P.E. Renaud. 2010. Biodiversitet i Arktis. Naturen 5: 260-265