Pedro Duarte » Members

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Pedro Duarte

Research scientist Norwegian Polar InstituteResearch department: ecotoxicology
Work address Norwegian Polar Institute Fram Centre Tromsø 9296 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 75 06 42
Photo of Pedro Duarte


Research interests:

  • Marine Ecology
  • with emphasis on mathematical modeling of the Arctic marine ecosystem
  • using coupled physical-biogeochemical models for the sea and sea ice.

Running national and international projects:

  • 2016    TW-ICE: TideWater-ICE, Situation: Ongoing, Scope: Norwegian, Role: Investigator, Financing: Norwegian Polar Institute – ICE centre
  • 2015    TIGRIF: TIdewater Glacier Retreat Impact on Fjord circulation and ecosystems, Researcher project – HAVKYST, Situation: Ongoing, Scope: Norwegian, Role: Investigator, Financing: Norwegian Research Council
  • 2015    Ice-algal and under-ice phytoplankton bloom dynamics in a changing Arctic icescape. Researcher project – OKOSYSTEM, Situation: Ongoing, Scope: Norwegian, Role: Investigator, Financing: Norwegian Research Council
  • 2015    Ecosystem effects of Ocean Acidification in Northern waters (ECOAN),    Situation: Ongoing, Scope: Norwegian, Role: Investigator, Financing: Fram Centre
  • 2015    Norwegian Young Sea Ice Cruise (N-ICE2015), Situation: Ongoing, Scope: Norwegian, Role: Coordinator of the biological workpackage, Financing: Norwegian Polar Institute – ICE center
  • 2014    Ecosystem modelling of the Arctic Ocean around Svalbard, Situation: Ongoing, Scope: Norwegian, Role: Principal Investigator, Financing: Fram Centre

Completed national and international projects:

  • 2013    Coupling different modelling platforms: an activity across Fram Centre Flagships, Situation: Concluded, Scope: Norwegian, Role: Principal Investigator, Financing: Fram Centre
  • 2011-2014    Seamount benthic primary production: a new hypothesis to explain abundance and biodiversity over shallow seamounts (GreenMount), Reference: PTDC/MAR/111011/2009, Situation: Concluded, Scope: Portuguese, Role: Principal Investigator.
  • 2011-2014    Effects of ocean climate on the macroecology and resilience to disturbances of kelp beds – OCEANKELP, Reference: PTDC/MAR/109954/2009,     Situation: Concluded, Scope: Portuguese, Role: Researcher
  • 2010-2013    PHYSIOGRAPHY- Physiological stress of intertidal fucoids related to their biogeography: implications under new climate scenarios, Reference: PTDC/MAR/105147/2008, Situation: Concluded, Scope: Portuguese, Role: Researcher
  • 2010 – 2012    Landscape genetics of a coastal lagoon; an empirical and modeling approach using the seagrass Zostera noltii in Ria Formosa, Reference: PTDC/MAR/099887/2008, Situation: Concluded, Scope: Portuguese, Role: Researcher
  • 2004 – 2008    ABSES – Simulação de Sistemas Ecológicos Baseada em Agentes (ABSES – Agent based simulation of ecological systems), Reference: POSC/EIA/57671/2004, Situation: Concluded, Scope: Portuguese, Role: Researcher
  • 2003 – 2006    ECODOURO – Modelling the effect of freshwater reduction and pulse discharge on the water dynamics and processes of the Crestuma Reservoir,  Reference: POCTI/MGS/45533/2002, Situation: Concluded, Scope: Portuguese,   Role: Researcher.
  • 2003 – 2006    DITTY – Development of an Information Technology Tool for the Management of European Coastal Lagoons, Reference: EVK3-CT-2002-00084, Situation: Concluded, Scope: European, Role: Researcher/Leadership role of the Portuguese participation
  • 1999 – 2002    Carrying capacity assessment and impact of aquaculture in Chinese bays, Reference: contract nº: ERB IC18 – CT98, Situation: Concluded, Scope: European+China, Role: Researcher
  • 1998 – 2000    Mathematical model oriented management of bivalve cultivation in Ria Formosa, Reference: ICN, Situation: Concluded, Scope: Portuguese, Role: Principal Investigator
  • 1997 – 2000    Numerical simulation of climate variability of the Azores Front/Current system. Impact on primary productivity, Reference: 3/3.2/EMG/1956/95, Situation: Concluded, Scope: Portuguese, Role: Researcher.
  • 1996 – 1999    ECOTEJO98 – Development of a sub model for “Cala do Norte” in the Tagus estuary, Reference: JNICT/DRARN-LVT/IPIMAR/Solvay, Situation: Concluded, Scope: Portuguese, Role: Researcher.
  • 1996 – 1999    Development of a model for coastal lagoon management,  Reference: PBICT/MAR/2245/95, Situation: Concluded, Scope: Portuguese, Role: Principal Investigator.
  • 1993 – 1996    Development of an ecological model for the Tagus estuary,  Reference: JNICT PMCT, Situation: Concluded, Scope: Portuguese, Role: Technician
  • 1994 – 1995    Trophic Capacity of Coastal Zones for Culture of Oysters, Mussels and Cockles, Reference: CEE: CON-AIR32219, Situation: Concluded, Scope: European, Role: Researcher
  • 1992 – 1995    MARE – Microalgae in the Adriatic Region, Reference: CEE: ENVIRONMENT EV5V-CT92-021, Situation: Concluded, Scope: European, Role: Researcher
  • 1991 – 1994    Development of an Ecological Model for Mollusc Rearing Areas in Ireland and Greece, Reference: CEE: FAR AQ2516, Situation: Concluded, Scope: European, Role: Researcher

Relevant scientific publications:

As first author:

  1. Duarte, P., Meyer, A., Olsen, L.M., Kauko, H.M., Assmy, P., Rösel, A., Itkin, P., Hudson, S.R., Granskog, M.A., Gerland, S., Sundfjord, A., Steen, H., Hop, H., Cohen, L., Peterson, A.K., Jeffery, N., Elliot, S.M., Hunke, E.C., Turner, A.K., 2017. Sea ice thermodynamics and biogeochemistry in the Arctic Ocean: Empirical and model results. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences, 122. doi:10.1002/2016JG003660.
  2. Duarte, P., Weslawski, J.M., Hop, H., in press. Outline of an Arctic fjord ecosystem model for Kongsfjorden-Krossfjorden, Svalbard. Advances in Polar Biology
  3. Duarte, P., Assmy, P., Hop, H., Spreen, G., Gerland, S., Hudson, S.R., 2015. The importance of vertical resolution in sea ice algae production models. Journal of Marine Systems 145: 69-90.
  4. Duarte, P., Alvarez-Salgado, X.A., Fernández-Reiriz, M.J., Piedracoba, S., Labarta, U., 2014. A modelling study on the hydrodynamics of a coastal embayment occupied by mussel farms (ría de Ares-Betanzos, NW Iberian Peninsula). Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 147: 42-55.
  5. Duarte, P., Ramos, M., Calado, G., Jesus, B., 2013. Laminaria hyperborea photosynthesis–irradiance relationship measured by oxygen production and pulse amplitude modulated chlorophyll fluorometry. Aquatic Biology 19: 29-44.
  6. Duarte, P., Fernández-Reiriz, M.J., Labarta, U., 2012. Modelling mussel growth in ecosystems with low suspended matter loads using a Dynamic Energy Budget approach. Journal of Sea Research 67: 44 – 57.
  7. Duarte, P., Fernández-Reiriz, M.J., Filgueira, R.A., Labarta, U., 2010. Modelling mussel growth in ecosystems with low suspended matter loads. Journal of Sea Research 64: 273 – 286.
  8. Duarte, P., Labarta, U., Fernández-Reiriz, M.J., 2008. Modelling local food depletion effects in mussel rafts of Galician Rias. Aquaculture 274: 300–312.
  9. Duarte, P., Azevedo, B., Guerreiro, M., Ribeiro, C., Bandeira, R., Pereira, A., Falcão, M., Serpa, D., Reia, J., 2008. Biogeochemical Modelling of Ria Formosa (South Portugal). Hydrobiologia 611: 115-132.
  10. Duarte, P., Guerreiro, M.J., Reia, J., Cancela da Fonseca, L., Pereira, A., Azevedo, Falcão, M., Serpa, D., 2007. Coastal zones management: application to Ria Formosa (South of Portugal). Revista Ciência Agronômica, v.38, n.1: 118-128.
  11. Duarte, P., Macedo, F., Cancela da Fonseca, L., 2006. The relationship between phytoplankton diversity and community function in a Coastal lagoon. Hydrobiologia 555: 3-18.
  12. Duarte, P., Meneses, R., Hawkins, A.J.S., Zhu, M., Fang, J., Grant, J., 2003. Mathematical modelling to assess the carrying capacity for multi-species culture within coastal water. Ecological Modelling 168: 109-143.
  13. Duarte, P., Bernardo, J.M., Costa, A.M., Macedo, M.F., Calado, G., Cancela da Fonseca, L., 2002. Analysis of a coastal lagoon metabolism as a basis for management. Aquatic Ecology 36: 3-1
  14. Duarte, P., Ferreira, J.G., 1997. Dynamic modelling of photosynthesis in marine and estuarine ecosystems. Environmental Modelling & Assessment 2: 83-9
  15. Duarte, P., Ferreira, J.G., 1997. A model for the simulation of macroalgal population dynamics and productivity. Ecological Modelling 98: 199-21
  16. Duarte, P., 1995. A mechanistic model of the effects of light and temperature on algal primary productivity. Ecological Modelling 82: 151-16
  17. Duarte, P., Ferreira, J.G., 1995. Seasonal adaptation and short-term metabolic responses of Gelidium sesquipedale to varying light intensity and temperature. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 121: 189-3
  18. Duarte, P., Ferreira, J.G., 1993 A methodology for parameter estimation in seaweed productivity modelling. Hydrobiologia 260/261: 183-189.

As co-author:

  1. Ramos, M., Bertocci, I., Tempera, F., Calado, G., Albuquerque, M., Duarte, P., 2016. Patterns in megabenthic assemblages on a seamount summit (Ormonde Peak, Gorringe Bank, Northeast Atlantic). Marine Ecology 37: 1-16, DOI: 10.1111/maec.12353.
  2. Oliveira, A.P., Coutinho, T.P., Cabeçadas, G., Brogueira, M.J., Coca, J., Ramos, M., Calado, G., Duarte, P., 2016. Primary production enhancement in a shallow seamount (Gorringe – Northeast Atlantic). Journal of Marine Systems 164: 13-29.
  3. Assmy, P., Fernández-Méndez, M, Duarte, P., Meyer, A., Randelhoff, A., Mundy, C.J., Olsen, L.M., Kauko, H.M., Bailey, A., Chierici, M., Cohen, L., Doulgeris, A.P., Ehn, J.K., Fransson, A., Gerland, S., Hop, H., Hudson, S.R., Hughes, N., Itkin, P., Johnsen, G., King, J.A., Koch, B.P., Koenig, Z., Kwasniewski, S., Laney, S.R., Nicolaus, M., Pavlov, A.K., Polashenski, C.M., Provost, C., Rösel, A., Sandbu, M., Spreen, G., Smedsrud, L.H., Sundfjord, A., Taskjelle, T., Tatarek, A., Wiktor, J., Wagner, P.M., Wold, A, Steen, H., Granskog, M.A., 2017. Leads in Arctic pack ice enable early phytoplankton blooms below snow-covered sea ice. Sci. Rep. 7, 40850; doi: 10.1038/srep40850.
  4. Meyer, A., A. Sundfjord, I. Fer, C. Provost, N. V. Robineau, Z. Koenig, I. H. Onarheim, L. H. Smedsrud, P. Duarte, P. Dodd, R. M. Graham, Kauko, H., 2017. Winter to summer hydrographic and current observations in the Arctic Ocean north of Svalbard. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1002/2016JC012391.
  5. Pavlov, A.K., Taskjelle, T., Kauko, H.M., Hamre, B., Hudson, S.R., Assmy, P., Duarte, P., Fernández-Mendez, M., Mundy, C.J., Granskog, M.A., 2017. Altered inherent optical properties and estimates of the underwater light field during an Arctic under-ice bloom of Phaeocystis pouchetii. Journal of Geophysical Research Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1002/2016JC012471.
  6. Olsen, L.M.., Laney, S.R., Duarte, P., Kauko, H.M., Fernández-Méndez, M., Mundy, C.J., Rösel, A., Meyer, A., Itkin, P., Cohen, L., Peeken, I., Tatarek, A., Wiktor, J., Taskjelle, T., Pavlov, A.K., Hudson, S.R., Granskog, M.A., Hop, H., Assmy, P., in press. The role of multiyear ice in seeding ice algae blooms in Arctic pack ice. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences. doi:10.1002/2016JG003626
  7. Kaulo, H.M., Taskjelle, T., Assmy, P., Pavlov, A.K., Mundy, C.J., Duarte, P., Fernández-Méndez, M., Lasse, M.O., Hudson, S.R., Johnsen, G., Elliot, A., Wang, F., Granskog, M.A., in press. Windows in Arctic sea ice: light transmission and ice algae in a refrozen lead. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences. doi:10.1002/2016JG003626
  8. Bischof, K., Convey, P., Duarte, P., Gattuso, J.-P., Granberg, M., Hop, H., Hoppe, C., Jimenez, C., Lisitsyn, L., Martinez, B., Roleda, M.Y., Thor, P., Wiktor, J., Gabrielsen, G. W., in press. Kongsfjorden as harbinger of the future Arctic: knowns, unknowns and research priorities. Advances in Polar Biology.
  9. Franco, J., Wernberg, T., Bertocci, I., Duarte, P., Jacinto, D., Vasco-Rodrigues, N., Tuya, F., 2015. Herbivory drive kelp recruits into ‘hiding’: insights from a latitudinal comparison. Marine Ecology Progress Series  536: 1–9.
  10. Cranford, P.J., Duarte, P., Robinson, S.M.C., Fernández-Reiriz, M.J., Labarta, U., 2014. Suspended particulate matter depletion and flow modification inside mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) culture rafts in the Ría de Betanzos, Spain. Journal of Experimental Marine biology and Ecology 452: 70-81.
  11. Azevedo, I.C., Bordalo, A., Duarte, P., 2014. Influence of freshwater inflow variability on the Douro estuary primary productivity: a modelling study. Ecological Modelling 272: 1-1
  12. Carvalho, R, Duarte, P., 2013. Carbon fluxes in a coastal area of Northern Portugal. Limnetica, 32 (2): 229-24
  13. Serpa, D., Ferreira, P.P., Caetano, M., Cancela da Fonseca, L., Dinis, M.T., Duarte, P., 2013. A coupled biogeochemical-Dynamic Energy Budget model as a tool for managing fish production ponds. Science of the Total Environment 463-464: 861-8
  14. Serpa, D., Duarte, P., Ferreira, P.P., Ferreira, H., Cancela da Fonseca, L., Dinis, M.T., 2013. Modelling the growth of white seabream (Diplodus sargus) and gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) in semi-intensive earth production ponds using the Dynamic Energy Budget approach. Journal of Sea Research 76: 135-145.
  15. Tuya, F., Cacabelos, E., Duarte, P., Jacinto, D., Castro, J.J., Silva, S., Bertocci, I., Franco, J.N., Arenas, F., Coca, J., Wernberg, T., 2012. Patterns of landscape and assemblage structure along a latitudinal gradient in ocean climate. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 466: 9-12.
  16. Serpa, D., Pousão-Ferreira, P., Caetano, M., Cancela da Fonseca, L., Dinis, M. T., Duarte, P., 2012. Modelling of biogeochemical processes in fish earth ponds: Model development and calibration. Ecological Modelling 247: 286-301.
  17. Tuya, F., Duarte, P., 2012. Role of food availability in the bathymetric distribution of the starfish Marthasterias glacialis (Lamk.) on reefs of northern Portugal. Scientia Marina 76: 9 – 15.
  18. Azevedo, I.C., Duarte, P., Bordalo, A.A., 2010. Temporal and spatial variability of phytoplankton photosynthetic characteristics in a southern European estuary (Douro, Portugal). Marine Ecology Progress Series 412: 29 – 44.
  19. Azevedo, I.C., Bordalo, A.A., Duarte, P., 2010. Influence of river discharge patterns on the hydrodynamics and potential contaminant dispersion in the Douro estuary (Portugal). Water Research 44: 3133 – 3146.
  20. Azevedo, I.C., Duarte, P., Bordalo, A.A., 2008. Understanding spatial and temporal dynamics of key environmental characteristics in a mesotidal Atlantic estuary (Douro, NW Portugal). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 76: 620-633.
  21. Serpa, D., Falcão, M., Duarte P., Cancela da Fonseca, L., Vale, C., 2007. Evaluation of ammonium and phosphate release from intertidal and subtidal sediments of a shallow coastal lagoon (Ria Formosa – Portugal): a modelling approach. Biogeochemistry 82: 291-304. 10.1007/s10533-007-9076-4
  22. Pereira, A., Duarte, P., Norro, A., 2006. Different modelling tools of aquatic ecosystems: A proposal for a unified approach. Ecological Informatics 1: 407-421.
  23. Azevedo, I.C., Duarte, P., Bordalo, A.A., 2006. Pelagic metabolism of the Douro estuary (Portugal) – Factors controlling primary production. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 69: 133-146.
  24. Macedo, F., Duarte, P., 2006. Phytoplankton production modelling in three marine ecosystems – static versus dynamic approach. Ecological Modelling 190: 299-316.
  25. Hawkins, A.J.S, Duarte, P., Fang, J.G., Pascoe, P.L., Zhang, J.H., Zhang, X.L., Zhu, M.Y., 2002. A functional model of responsive suspension-feeding and growth in bivalve shellfish, configured and validated for the scallop Chlamys farreri during culture in China. Journal of Exp. Mar. Biol. and Ecol., 281: 13-40.
  26. Macedo, M.F., Duarte, P., Ferreira, J.G., 2002. The influence of incubation periods on photosynthesis-irradiance curves. Journal of Exp. Mar. Biol. and Ecol. 274: 101-12
  27. Macedo, M.F., Duarte, P., Ferreira, J.G., 2001. Annual variation of environmental variables, phytoplankton species composition and photosynthetic parameters in a Coastal Lagoon. J. Plankton Research 23: 719–732.
  28. Macedo, M.F., Duarte, P., Ferreira, J.G., Alves, M., Costa, V., 2000. Analysis of the deep chlorophyll maximum across the Azores Front. Hydrobiologia 441: 155–172.
  29. Calado, G., Duarte, P., 2000. Modelling Growth of Ruppia cirrhosa. Aquatic Botany 68: 29-44
  30. Bacher, C., Duarte, P., Ferreira, J.G., Héral, M., Raillard, O., 1998. Assessment and comparison of the Marennes-Oléron Bay (France) and Carlingford Lough (Ireland) Carrying Capacity with ecosystem models. Aquatic Ecology 31: 379 – 394.
  31. Ferreira, J., Duarte, P., Ball, B., 1998. Trophic capacity of Carlingford Lough for aquaculture – analysis by ecological modelling. Aquatic Ecology 31: 361–379.
  32. Macedo, M.F., Ferreira, J.G., Duarte, P., 1998. Dynamic behaviour of photosynthesis-irradiance curves determined from oxygen production during variable incubation periods. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 165: 31–43.
  33. Santos, R., Duarte, P., 1996. Fecundity, spore recruitment and size in Gelidium sesquipedale (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Hydrobiologia 326/327: 223-22
  34. Santos, R., Duarte, P., 1991. Marine plant harvest in Portugal. Journal of Applied Phycology 3: 11-1
  35. Magalhães, F., Cancela da Fonseca, L., Bernardo, J.M., Moita, I., Franco, J.E., Duarte, P., 1987. Physical characterization of Odeceixe, Aljezur and Carrapateira lagunary systems (SW Portugal). Limnetica, 3(2): 211-218.