Sophie Bourgeon » Members

Here you can find a list of all ARCTOS members and PhD students. In the drop-down menu you can either select the member status or the institution the member belongs to.

Sophie Bourgeon

Associate professor UiT The Arctic University of NorwayArctic and Marine Biology
Work address Department of Arctic and Marine Biology Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Econoics UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø 9037 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 64 60 33 Website: sophiebourgeon.webs.com (personal website)
Photo of Sophie Bourgeon

Biography

Research interests:

Ecotoxicology, Arctic seabirds and mammals, persistent organic pollutants, plastic pollution, multiple stressors

Current projects:

PlastPoll– Plastic pollution; a global Challenge Towards harmonized understanding, education and methodology in Europe, USA and China.
In collaboration with Dr. Dorte Herzke.

EnviStress– Environmental stress processes: the role of anthropogenic pollution in a rapidly changing environment.
In collaboration with Dr. Jan Ove Bustnes

EcoStress – Ecological consequences of environmentally persistent pollutants in a marine sentinel species: A multi-stressor approach.
In collaboration with Dr. Jan Ove Bustnes

Completed projects:

HvalrossTOX– Sucking clams or hunting seals – consequences to walrus health. Contaminants in Atlantic walruses: effects on endocrine and immune systems.
In collaboration with Dr. Heli Routti

AVITOX – Causes and consequences of high loads of biomagnifying pollutants in avian top predators in the Arctic.
In collaboration with Dr. Jan Ove Bustnes

BEARENERGY– Synergistic effects of sea ice-free periods and contaminant exposure on energy metabolism in polar bears from the Barents sea area.
In collaboration with Dr. Heli Routti and Dr. Geir W. Gabrielsen

SKUA– Physiological effects of new- and old persistent organic pollutants in a breeding seabird top predator: the great skua Stercorarius skua. In collaboration with Dr. Jan Ove Bustnes

Selection of relevant scientific publications:

  1. Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Hanssen, S-A., Petersen, A., Strøm, H., Bjørn, T.H., Gabrielsen, G.W., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W., Haarr, A., Borgå, K. 2019. The effect of long-range transport, trophic position and diet specialization on legacy contaminant occurrence in great skuas, Stercorarius skua, breeding across the Northeast Atlantic. Environmental Pollution. 244, 55-65.
  2. Tartu, S., Aars, J., Andersen, M., Polder, A., Bourgeon, S., Merkel, B., Lowther, A.D., Bytingsvik, J., Welker, J.M., Derocher, A.E., Jenssen, B.M., Routti, H. 2018. Choose your poison – Space-use strategy influences pollutant exposure in Barents Sea polar bears. Environmental Science & Technology, 52 (5), 3211-3221.
  3. Tartu, S., Lille-Langøy, R., Størseth, T.R., Bourgeon, S., Brunsvik, A., Aars, J., Goksøyr, A., Jenssen, B.M., Polder, A., Thiemann, G.W., Torget, V., Routti, H. 2017. Multiple-stressor effects in an apex predator: combined influence of pollutants and sea ice decline on lipid metabolism in polar bears. Scientific Reports, 7, 16487.
  4. Bourgeon, S., Riemer, A.K., Tartu, S., Aars, J., Polder, A., Jenssen, B.M., Routti, H. 2017. Potentiation of ecological factors on the disruption of thyroid hormones by organo-halogenated contaminants in female polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from the Barents Sea. Environmental Research, 158, 94-104.
  5. Hanssen, S.A., Sonne, C., Bustnes, J.O., Schnug, L., Bourgeon, S., Ballesteros, M., Eulaers, I., Moum, T., Johnsen, T.V., Kjelgaard-Hansen M., Herzke, D., Jaspers, V.L.B., Covaci, A., Eens, M., Halley, D.J., Erikstad, K.E., Ims, R.A. 2017. Anti-parasite treatment and blood biochemistry in raptor nestlings. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 95, 685-693.
  6. Tartu, S., Bourgeon, S., Aars, J., Andersen, M., Polder, A., Thiemann, G.W., Welker, J.M., Routti, H. 2017. Sea ice-associated decline in body condition leads to increased concentrations of lipophilic pollutants in polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from Svalbard, Norway. Science of the Total Environment, 576, 409-419.
  7. Tartu, S., Bourgeon, S., Aars, J., Andersen, M., Lone, K., Jenssen, B.M., Polder, A., Thiemann, G.W., Torget, V., Welker, J.M., Routti, H. 2017. Diet and metabolic state are the main factors determining concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances in female polar bears from Svalbard. Environmental Pollution, 229, 146-158.
  8. Tartu, S., Bourgeon, S., Aars, J., Andersen, M., Ehrich, D., Thiemann, G.W., Welker, J.M., Routti, H. 2016. Geographical area and life history traits influence diet in an Arctic marine predator. PLoS ONE 11(5), e0155980.
  9. Sletten, S., Bourgeon, S., Bårdsen, B.-J., Herzke, D., Criscuolo, F., Massemin, S., Zahn, S., Johnsen, T.V., Bustnes, J.-O. 2016. Organohalogenated contaminants in white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) nestlings: An assessment of relationships to immunoglobulin levels, telomeres and oxidative stress. Science of the Total Environment, 539, 337-349.
  10. Bustnes, J.O., Bourgeon, S., Leat, E.H.K., Magnusdottir, E., Strøm, H., Hanssen, S-A., Petersen, A., Olafsdottir, K., Borgå, K., Gabrielsen, G.W., Furness, R.W. 2015. Multiple stressors in a top predator seabird: potential ecological consequences of environmental contaminants, population health and breeding conditions. PLoS ONE 10 (7), e0131769.
  11. Williams, T.D., Bourgeon, S., Cornell, A., Ferguson, L., Fowler, M., Fronstin, R.B., Love, O.P. 2015. Mid-winter temperatures, not spring temperatures, predict breeding phenology in the European starling Sturnus vulgaris. Royal Society open science 2: 140301.
  12. Prop, J., Aars, J., Bårdsen, B.-J., Hanssen, S.A., Bech, C., Bourgeon, S., de Fouw, J.,  Gabrielsen, G.W., Noreen, E., Oudman, T., Sittler, B., Stempniewicz, L., Tombre, I., Wolters, E., Moe, B. 2015. Climate change and the increasing impact of polar bears on bird populations. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 3:33.
  13. Legagneux, P., Berzins, L.L., Forbes, M., Harms, N.J., Hennin, H., Bourgeon, S., Forster, J., Gilchrist, H.G., Bêty, J., Soos, C., Love, O.P., Foster, J.T., Descamps, S., Burness, G. 2014. No selection on immunological markers in response to a highly virulent pathogen in an Arctic breeding bird. Evolutionary Applications, 7 (7), 765-773.
  14. Magnusdottir, E., Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Jonsson, J.E., Phillips, R.A., Strøm, H., Petersen, A., Hanssen, S-A., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W. 2014. Activity patterns of wintering Great Skuas Stercorarius skua. Bird Study, 61 (3), 301-308.
  15. Bourgeon, S., Leat, E.H.K., Magnusdottir, E., Furness, R.W., Strøm, H., Petersen, A., Gabrielsen, G.W., Hanssen, S.A., Bustnes, J.O. 2014. Feather corticosterone levels on wintering grounds have no carry-over effects on breeding among three populations of great skuas (Stercorarius skua). PLoS ONE, 9 (6), e100439.
  16. Love, O.P., Madliger, L., Bourgeon, S., Semeniuk, C.A.D., Williams, T.D. 2014. Evidence for baseline glucocorticoids as mediators of reproductive investment in a wild bird. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 199, 65-69.
  17. Hanssen, S.A., Bustnes, J.O., Schnug, L., Bourgeon, S., Ballesteros, M., Sonne, C., Herzke, D., Jaspers, V.L.B., Covaci, A., Halley, D.J., Moum, T., Eulaers, I., Eens, M.,  Ims, R.A., Erikstad, K.E., Johnsen, T. Anti-parasite treatments reduce humoral immunity and impact oxidative status in raptor nestlings. 2013. Ecology and Evolution, 3 (16), 5157-5166.
  18. Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Magnusdottir, E., Gabrielsen, G.W., Grecian, W.J., Hanssen, S.A., Olafsdóttir, K., Petersen, Æ., Phillips, R.A., Strøm, H., Ellis, S., Fisk, A.T., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W., Borgå, K. 2013. The influence of wintering area on concentration and pattern of persistent organic pollutants in a breeding migratory seabird. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 491, 277-293.
  19. Bourgeon, S., Leat, E.H.K., Furness, R.W., Borgå, K., Hanssen, S.A., Bustnes, J.O. 2013. Dietary versus maternal sources of organochlorines in top predator seabird chicks: an experimental approach. Environmental Science & Technology, 47, 5963-5970.
  20. Sonne, C., Rigét, F.F., Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Borgå, K., Strøm, H., Hanssen, S.A., Gabrielsen, G.W., Petersen, Æ., Olafsdóttir, K., Magnusdottir, E., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W., Kjelgaard-Hansen, M. 2013. Organohalogen contaminants and blood plasma clinical-chemical parameters in three colonies of North Atlantic Great skua (Stercorarius skua). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 92, 245-251.
  21. Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Eze, J., Muir, D., Williamson, M., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W., Borgå, K. 2013. Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in eggs and plasma of an avian top predator, great skua Stercorarius skua, in the North Atlantic. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 32 (3), 569-576.
  22. Magnusdottir, E., Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Strøm, H., Petersen, A., Phillips, R.A., Hanssen, S-A., Bustnes, J.O., Hersteinsson, P., Furness, R.W. 2012. Wintering areas of Great Skuas Stercorarius skua breeding in Scotland, Iceland and Norway. Bird Study, 59, 1-9.
  23. Bourgeon, S., Leat, E.H.K., Furness, R.W., Magnusdottir, E., Fisk, A.T., Strøm, H., Hanssen, S.A., Petersen, Æ., Olafsdóttir, K., Borgå, K., Gabrielsen, G.W., Bustnes, J.O. 2012. Individual variation in biomarkers of health: influence of persistent organic pollutants in Great skuas (Stercorarius skua) breeding at different geographical locations. Environmental Research, 118, 31-39.
  24. Bourgeon, S., Parker-Guindre, S., Williams, T.D. 2011. Effects of sibling competition on growth, oxidative stress and humoral immunity: a two-year brood size manipulation. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 84 (4), 429-437.
  25. Noreen, E., Bourgeon, S., Bech, C. 2011. Growing old with the immune system: a study of immunosenescence in the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata). Journal of Comparative Physiology B., 181, 649-656.
  26. Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Borgå, K., Strøm, H., Hanssen, S-A., Gabrielsen, G.W., Petersen, A., Olafsdottir, K., Magnusdottir, E., Fisk, A.T., Ellis, S., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W. 2011. Effects of environmental exposure and diet on levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in eggs of a top predator in the North Atlantic in 1980 and 2008. Environmental Pollution, 159, 1222-1228.
  27. Bourgeon, S., Kauffmann, M., Geiger, S., Raclot, T., Robin, J-P. 2010. Relationships between metabolic status, corticosterone secretion and maintenance of innate and adaptive humoral immunities in fasted re-fed mallards. Journal of Experimental Biology, 213 (22), 3810-3818.
  28. Semeniuk, C.A.D., Bourgeon, S., Smith, S.L., Rothley, K.D. 2009. Hematological differences between stingrays at tourist and non-visited sites suggest physiological costs of wildlife tourism. Biological Conservation, 142, 1818-1829.
  29. Bourgeon, S., Le Maho, Y., Raclot, T. 2009. Proximate and ultimate mechanisms underlying immunosuppression during the incubation fast in female eiders: roles of triiodothyronine and corticosterone. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 163, 77-82.
  30. Bourgeon, S., Viera, V.M., Raclot, T., Groscolas, R. 2007. Hormones and immunoglobulin levels in king penguins during moulting and breeding fasts. Écoscience, 14 (4), 519-529.
  31. Bourgeon, S., Raclot, T., Le Maho, Y., Ricquier, D., Criscuolo, F. 2007. Innate immunity, assessed by plasma NO measurements, is not suppressed during the incubation fast in eiders. Developmental & Comparative Immunology, 31 (7), 720-728.
  32. Bourgeon, S., Raclot, T. 2007. Triiodothyronine suppresses humoral immunity but not T-cell-mediated immune response in incubating female eiders (Somateria mollissima). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 151 (2), 188-194.
  33. Bourgeon, S., Raclot, T. 2006. Corticosterone selectively decreases humoral immunity in female eiders during incubation. Journal of Experimental Biology, 209, 4957-4965.
  34. Bourgeon, S., Martinez, J., Criscuolo, F., Le Maho, Y., Raclot, T. 2006. Fasting-induced changes of immunological and stress indicators in breeding female Eiders. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 147 (3), 336-342.
  35. Bourgeon, S., Criscuolo, F., Le Maho, Y., Raclot, T. 2006. Phytohemagglutinin response and immunoglobulin index decrease during incubation fasting in female Common Eiders. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 79 (4), 793-800.
  36. Bourgeon, S., Criscuolo, F., Bertile, F., Raclot, T., Gabrielsen, G.W., Massemin, S. 2006. Effects of clutch sizes and incubation stage on nest desertion in the female Common Eider Somateria mollissima nesting in the high Arctic. Polar Biology, 29 (5), 358-363.