Members

Here you can find a list of all ARCTOS members and PhD students. In the drop-down menu you can either select the member status or the institution the member belongs to.

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Photo of Jørgen Berge

Jørgen Berge

Professor (UiT), Adjunct Professor (UNIS)

Research interests:
  • Arctic marine biology
  • Polar night ecology
  • Diel vertical migration of zooplankton.
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UiT The Arctic University of NorwayArctic and Marine Biology Work address Department of Arctic and Marine Biology Faculty of Biosciences, Economics and Fisheries UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø 9037 Norway Cell Phone: +47 90 16 91 25

Research interests:

  • Arctic marine biology
  • Polar night ecology
  • Diel vertical migration of zooplankton.

Running national and international projects:

Completed national and international projects:

  • SAARP projects (Statoil)
  • Cleopatra (NFR)
  • various minor projects

Relevant scientific publications (last five years):

  1. Berge, Jørgen; Heggland, Kristin N.; Lønne, Ole Jørgen; Cottier, Finlo R.; Hop, Haakon; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Nøttestad, Leif; Misund, Ole Arve. First records of Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) from the Svalbard archipelago, Norway, with possible explanations for the extension of its distribution. Arctic 2015; Volum 68 (1). ISSN 0004-0843.s 54 – 61.s doi: 10.14430/arctic4455.
  2. Heggland, Kristin N.; Ottesen, Camilla; Berge, Jørgen. Aspects of the life history of the Atlantic poacher, Leptagonus decagonus, in Svalbard waters. Polish Polar Research 2015; Volum 36 (1). ISSN 0138-0338.s 79 – 87.s doi: 10.1515/popore-2015-0004.
  3. Nilssen, Ingunn; Ødegård, Øyvind; Sørensen, Asgeir Johan; Johnsen, Geir; Moline, Mark A.; Berge, Jørgen. Integrated environmental mapping and monitoring, a methodological approach to optimise knowledge gathering and sampling strategy. Marine Pollution Bulletin 2015; Volum 96 (1-2). ISSN 0025-326X.s 374 – 383.s doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.04.045.
  4. Berge, Jørgen; Daase, Malin; Renaud, Paul; Ambrose, William G. Jr.; Darnis, Gérald; Last, Kim S; Leu, Eva; Cohen, Jonathan H.; Johnsen, Geir; Moline, Mark A.; Cottier, Finlo; Varpe, Øystein; Shunatova, Natalia; Balazy, Piotr; Morata, Nathalie; Massabuau, Jean Charles; Falk-Petersen, Stig; Kosobokova, Ksenia; Hoppe, Clara JM; Weslawski, Jan Marcin; Kuklinski, Piotr; Legezynska, Joanna; Nikishina, Daria; Cusa, Marine; Kedra, Monika; Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, Maria; Vogedes, Daniel Ludwig; Camus, Lionel; Tran, Damien; Michaud, Emma; Gabrielsen, Tove M.; Granovitch, Andrei; Gonchar, Anya; Krapp, Rupert; Callesen, Trine A. Unexpected Levels of Biological Activity during the Polar Night Offer New Perspectives on a Warming Arctic. Current Biology 2015; Volum 25. ISSN 0960-9822.s 1 – 7.s doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.08.024.
  5. Wassmann, Paul; Kosobokova, KN; Slagstad, Dag; Drinkwater, Kennneth F.; Hopcroft, Russell R.; Moore, SE; Ellingsen, Ingrid H.; Nelson, RJ; Carmack, E.; Popova, E; Berge, Jørgen. The contiguous domains of Arctic Ocean advection: trails of life and death. Progress in Oceanography 2015. ISSN 0079-6611.s doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2015.06.011.
  6. Berge, Jørgen; Renaud, Paul; Darnis, Gérald; Cottier, Finlo; Last, Kim; Gabrielsen, Tove M.; Johnsen, Geir; Seuthe, Lena; Weslawski, Jan Marcin; Leu, Eva; Moline, Mark A.; Nahrgang, Jasmine; Søreide, Janne; Varpe, Øystein; Lønne, Ole Jørgen; Daase, Malin; Falk-Petersen, Stig. In the dark: a review of ecosystem processes during the Arctic polar night. Progress in Oceanography 2015. ISSN 0079-6611.s doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2015.08.005.
  7. Renaud, Paul; Løkken, Therese S; Jørgensen, Lis Lindal; Berge, Jørgen; Johnson, Beverly J. Macroalgal detritus and food-web subsidies along an Arctic fjord depth-gradient. Frontiers in Marine Science 2015; Volum 2. ISSN 2296-7745.s 1 – 15.s doi: 10.3389/fmars.2015.00031.
  8. Lønne, Ole Jørgen; Falk-Petersen, Stig; Berge, Jørgen. Introduction to the special issue on polar night studies conducted onboard RV Helmer Hanssen in the Svalbard area. Polar Biology 2015; Volum 38 (1). ISSN 0722-4060.s 1 – 3.s doi: 10.1007/s00300-014-1616-5.
  9. Cohen, Jonathan H.; Berge, Jørgen; Moline, Mark A.; Sørensen, Asgeir Johan; Last, Kim; Falk-Petersen, Stig; Renaud, Paul; Leu, Eva; Grenvald, Julie Cornelius; Cottier, Finlo; Cronin, Heather; Menze, Sebastian; Norgren, Petter; Varpe, Øystein; Daase, Malin; Darnis, Gérald; Johnsen, Geir. Is ambient light during the high Arctic polar night sufficient to act as a visual cue for zooplankton?. PLoS ONE 2015; Volum 10 (6). ISSN 1932-6203.s doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0126247.
  10. Webster, Clare N.; Varpe, Øystein; Falk-Petersen, Stig; Berge, Jørgen; Stübner, Eike Ingrid; Brierley, Andrew S. Moonlit swimming: vertical distributions of macrozooplankton and nekton during the polar night. Polar Biology 2015; Volum 38 (1). ISSN 0722-4060.s 75 – 85.s doi: 10.1007/s00300-013-1422-5.
  11. Ware, Christopher; Berge, Jørgen; Sundet, Jan Henry; Kirkpatrick, JB; Coutts, A.D.M.; Jelmert, Anders; Olsen, SM; Floerl, Oliver; Wisz, Mary S.; Alsos, Inger Greve. Climate change, non-indigenous species and shipping: assessing the risk of species introduction to a high-Arctic archipelago. Diversity & distributions: A journal of biological invasions and biodiversity 2014; Volum 20 (1). ISSN 1366-9516.s 10 – 19.s doi: 10.1111/ddi.12117.
  12. Hovinen, Johanna Emilia Heidi; Welcker, Jorg Otto; Rabindranath, Ananda; Brown, Zachary; Hop, Haakon; Berge, Jørgen; Steen, Harald. At-sea distribution of foraging little auks relative to physical factors and food supply. Marine Ecology Progress Series 2014; Volum 503. ISSN 0171-8630.s 263 – 277.s doi: 10.3354/meps10740.
  13. Falk-Petersen, Stig; Pavlov, Vladimir; Berge, Jørgen; Cottier, Finlo; Kovacs, Kit; Lydersen, Christian. At the rainbow’s end: high productivity fueled by winter upwelling along an Arctic shelf. Polar Biology 2014. ISSN 0722-4060.s doi: 10.1007/s00300-014-1482-1.
  14. Berge, Jørgen; Cottier, Finlo; Varpe, Øystein; Renaud, Paul; Falk-Petersen, Stig; Kwasniewski, Sawomir; Griffiths, Colin; Søreide, Janne; Johnsen, Geir; Aubert, Anais; Bjærke, Oda; Hovinen, Johanna Emilia Heidi; Jung-Madsen, Signe; Tveit, Martha; Markkula, Sanna. Arctic complexity: A case study on diel vertical migration of zooplankton. Journal of Plankton Research 2014; Volum 36 (5). ISSN 0142-7873.s 1279 – 1297.s doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbu059.
  15. Jönsson, Mikael; Varpe, Øystein; Kozlowski, Tomasz; Berge, Jørgen; Kröger, Ronald H.H. Differences in lens optical plasticity in two gadoid fishes meeting in the Arctic. Journal of Comparative Physiology A. Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology 2014; Volum 200 (11). ISSN 0340-7594.s 949 – 957.s doi: 10.1007/s00359-014-0941-z.
  16. Hovinen, Johanna Emilia Heidi; Wojczulanis-Jakubas, Katarzyna; Jakubas, Dariusz; Hop, Haakon; Berge, Jørgen; Kidawa, Dorota; Karnovsky, Nina J.; Steen, Harald. Fledging success of little auks in the high Arctic: Do provisioning rates and the quality of foraging grounds matter?. Polar Biology 2014; Volum 37 (5). ISSN 0722-4060.s 665 – 674.s doi: 10.1007/s00300-014-1466-1.
  17. Johnsen, Geir; Candeloro, Mauro; Berge, Jørgen; Moline, Mark A. Glowing in the dark: Discriminating patterns of bioluminescence from different taxa during the Arctic polar night. Polar Biology 2014; Volum 37 (5). ISSN 0722-4060.s 707 – 713.s doi: 10.1007/s00300-014-1471-4.
  18. Nahrgang, Jasmine; Varpe, Øystein; Korshunova, Ekaterina; Murzina, Svetlana; Hallanger, Ingeborg G.; Vieweg, Ireen; Berge, Jørgen. Gender specific reproductive strategies of an arctic key species (Boreogadus saida) and implications of climate change. PLoS ONE 2014; Volum 9 (5:e98452). ISSN 1932-6203.s doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098452.
  19. Vogedes, Daniel Ludwig; Eiane, Ketil; Båtnes, Anna Solvang; Berge, Jørgen. Variability in Calanus spp. abundance on fine- to mesoscales in an Arctic fjord: implications for little auk feeding. Marine Biology Research 2014; Volum 10 (5). ISSN 1745-1000.s 437 – 448.s doi: 10.1080/17451000.2013.815781.
  20. Båtnes, Anna Solvang; Miljeteig, Cecilie; Berge, Jørgen; Greenacre, Michael; Johnsen, Geir. Quantifying the light sensitivity of Calanus spp. during the polar night: potential for orchestrated migrations conducted by ambient light from the sun, moon, or aurora borealis. Polar Biology 2013. ISSN 0722-4060.s doi: 10.1007/s00300-013-1415-4.
  21. Kraft, Angelina; Berge, Jørgen; Varpe, Øystein; Falk-Petersen, Stig. Feeding in Arctic darkness: mid-winter diet of thepelagic amphipods Themisto abyssorum and T. libellula. Marine Biology 2013; Volum 160 (1). ISSN 0025-3162.s 241 – 248.s doi: 10.1007/s00227-012-2065-8.
  22. Murzina, Svetlana; Nefedova, Zinaida A.; Falk-Petersen, Stig; Hop, Håkon; Ryokolainen, Tatiana R; Ottesen, Camilla; Ripatti, Pauli O.; Berge, Jørgen; Nemova, Nina N. Lipids in the daubed shanny (Teleostei: Leptoclinus maculatus) in Svalbard waters. Polar Biology 2013; Volum 36 (11). ISSN 0722-4060.s 1619 – 1631.s doi: 10.1007/s00300-013-1381-x.
  23. Weydmann, Agata; Søreide, Janne; Kwasniewski, Slawek; Leu, Eva; Falk-Petersen, Stig; Berge, Jørgen. Ice-related seasonality in zooplankton community composition in a high Arctic fjord. Journal of Plankton Research 2013; Volum 35 (4). ISSN 0142-7873.s 831 – 842.s doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbt031.
  24. Berge, Jørgen; Nahrgang, Jasmine. The Atlantic spiny lumpsucker Eumicrotremus spinosus: life history traits and the seemingly unlikely interaction with the pelagic amphipod Themisto libellula. Polish Polar Research 2013; Volum 34 (3). ISSN 0138-0338.s 279 – 287.s doi: 10.2478/popore-2013-0013.
  25. Daase, Malin; Falk-Petersen, Stig; Varpe, Øystein; Darnis, Gérald; Søreide, Janne; Wold, Anette; Leu, Eva; Berge, Jørgen; Philippe, Benoit; Fortier, Louis. Timing of reproductive events in the marine copepod Calanus glacialis: a pan-Arctic perspective. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2013; Volum 70 (6). ISSN 0706-652X.s 871 – 884.s doi: 10.1139/cjfas-2012-0401.
  26. Kuklinski, Piotr; Berge, Jørgen; McFadden, Laurel; Dmoch, Katarzyna; Zajaczkowski, Marek; Nygård, Henrik Andreas; Piwosz, Kasia; Tatarek, Agnieszka. Seasonality of occurrence and recruitment of Arctic marine benthic invertebrate larvae in relation to environmental variables. Polar Biology 2013; Volum 36 (4). ISSN 0722-4060.s 549 – 560.s doi: 10.1007/s00300-012-1283-3.
  27. Markkula, Sanna; Berge, Jørgen; Renaud, Paul; Vader, Anna; Stübner, Eike Ingrid; Meshram, Archana; Sparre, Øyunn Elisabet; Lehtiniemi, M. Aggregations of predators and prey affect predation impact of the Arctic ctenophore Mertensia ovum. Marine Ecology Progress Series 2013; Volum 476. ISSN 0171-8630.s 87 – 100.s doi: 10.3354/meps10143.
  28. Berge, J., Varpe, Ø., Moline, M.A., Wold, A., Renaud, P.E., Daase, M., Falk-Petersen, S. 2012. Retention of ice-associated amphipods: possible consequences for an ice-free Arctic Ocean. Biology Letters doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2012.0517
  29. Tandberg, A. H., Rapp, H. T., Schander, C., Vader, W., Sweetman, A. K., & Berge, J. (2012). Exitomelita sigynae gen. et sp. nov.: a new amphipod from the Arctic Loki Castle vent field with potential gill ectosymbionts. Polar Biology. 35: 705-716, doi:10.1007/s00300-011-1115-x
  30. Nygård, Henrik Andreas; Berge, Jørgen; Søreide, Janne; Vihtakari, Mikko; Falk-Petersen, Stig. The amphipod scavenging guild in two Arctic fjords: seasonal variations, abundance and trophic interactions. Aquatic Biology 2012; Volum 14 (3). ISSN 1864-7790.s 247 – 264.s doi: 10.3354/ab00394.
  31. Berge, Jørgen; Gabrielsen, Tove M; Moline, Mark; Renaud, Paul. Evolution of the Arctic Calanus complex: an Arctic marine avocado?. Journal of Plankton Research 2012; Volum 34 (3). ISSN 0142-7873.s 191 – 195.s doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbr103.
  32. Renaud, Paul; Berge, Jørgen; Varpe, Øystein; Lønne, Ole Jørgen; Nahrgang, Jasmine; Ottesen, Camilla; Hallanger, Ingeborg G.. Is the poleward expansion by Atlantic cod and haddock threatening native polar cod, Boreogadus saida?. Polar Biology 2012; Volum 35 (3). ISSN 0722-4060.s 401 – 412.s doi: 10.1007/s00300-011-1085-z.
  33. Ambrose, William G. Ambrose Jr.; Renaud, Paul; Locke, William; Cottier, Finlo; Berge, Jørgen; Carroll, Michael L.; Levin, Benjamin S.; Ryan, Stuart. Growth line deposition and variability in growth of two circumpolar bivalves (Serripes groenlandicus, and Clinocardium ciliatum). Polar Biology 2012; Volum 35 (3). ISSN 0722-4060.s 345 – 354.s doi: 10.1007/s00300-011-1080-4.
  34. Berge, Jørgen; Båtnes, Anna Solvang; Johnsen, Geir; Blackwell, Susan; Moline, Mark A.. Bioluminescence in the high Arctic during the polar night. Marine Biology 2012; Volum 159 (1). ISSN 0025-3162.s 231 – 237.s doi: 10.1007/s00227-011-1798-0.
  35. Pettersen, Ragnhild; Johnsen, Geir; Berge, Jørgen; Hovland, Erlend Kjeldsberg. Phytoplankton chemotaxonomy in waters around the Svalbard archipelago reveals high amounts of Chl b and presence of gyroxanthin-diester. Polar Biology 2011; Volum 34 (5). ISSN 0722-4060.s 627 – 635.s doi: 10.1007/s00300-010-0917-6.
  36. Rabindranath, Ananda; Daase, Malin; Falk-Petersen, Stig; Wold, Anette; Wallace, M.I.; Berge, Jørgen; Brierley, A. S.. Seasonal and diel vertical migration of zooplankton in the High Arctic during the autumn midnight sun of 2008. Marine Biodiversity 2011; Volum 41 (3). ISSN 1867-1616.s 365 – 382.s doi: 10.1007/s12526-010-0067-7Open Access.
  37. Pawlowska, J.; Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, Maria; Zajaczkowski, Marek; Nygård, Henrik Andreas; Berge, Jørgen. Seasonal variability of meio- and macrobenthic standing stocks and diversity in an Arctic fjord (Adventfjorden, Spitsbergen). Polar Biology 2011; Volum 34 (6). ISSN 0722-4060.s 833 – 845.s doi: 10.1007/s00300-010-0940-7.
  38. Fuhrmann, Mona Maria; Nygård, Henrik Andreas; Krapp, Rupert; Berge, Jørgen; Werner, Iris. The adaptive significance of chromatophores in the Arctic under-ice amphipod Apherusa glacialis. Polar Biology 2011; Volum 34 (6). ISSN 0722-4060.s 823 – 832.s doi: 10.1007/s00300-010-0938-1.
  39. Leu, Eva; Søreide, Janne; Hessen, Dag Olav; Falk-Petersen, Stig; Berge, Jørgen. Consequences of changing sea-ice cover for primary and secondary producers in the European Arctic shelf seas: Timing, quantity, and quality. Progress in Oceanography 2011; Volum 90 (1-4). ISSN 0079-6611.s 18 – 32.s doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2011.02.004.
  40. Thoen, Hanne Halkinrud; Johnsen, Geir; Berge, Jørgen. Pigmentation and spectral absorbance in the deep-sea arctic amphipods Eurythenes gryllus and Anonyx sp.. Polar Biology 2011; Volum 34 (1). ISSN 0722-4060.s 83 – 93.s doi: 10.1007/s00300-010-0861-5.

Popular science and outreach (2015):

  • Aarskog, Karine Nigar; Berge, Jørgen. Utstillingen til Polarmuseet og UiT-professor Jørgen Berge om livet i havet under polarnatta skal vises i Anchorage og Washington DC.. UiT.no [Internett] 2015-03-26
  • Berge, Jørgen. Dette synet skremmer klimaforskere. Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.) 2015 s. 10
  • Berge, Jørgen. Et nytt hav å forvalte. Dagens næringsliv 2015
  • Berge, Jørgen. Et sort hull fully av liv. Harstad Tidende 2015
  • Berge, Jørgen. Et sted der ute venter noe fantastisk på å bli oppdaget. Naturen 2015 s. 138-144
  • Berge, Jørgen. Første april kom tidlig til Svalbard i år. FRAM – Nordområdesenter for klima- og miljøforskning 2015
  • Berge, Jørgen. Krillen gikk fem på. Kyst og Fjord [Internett] 2015-04-01
  • Berge, Jørgen. Life in the dark. BBC Radio World service [Radio] 2015-09-24
  • Berge, Jørgen. Liv og lys i mulm og mørke. Arktisk forening og “Vin og Viten” seminar; 2015-09-23 – 2015-09-23
  • Berge, Jørgen. Livet i polarnatten. NRK P1, Norgesglasset [Radio] 2015-01-27
  • Berge, Jørgen. NRK P2, Ekko – Abels tårn. NRK P2, EKKO [Radio] 2015-05-08
  • Berge, Jørgen. Seimølje og fersk torsk fra Svalbard?. Svalbardposten 2015
  • Berge, Jørgen; Euan, Patterson. New Arctic research projects start. BBC News Scotland [Internett] 2015-06-30
  • Berge, Jørgen; Johnsen, Geir. Polarnatt – Liv og lys i mulm og mørke Polar night – life and light in the dead of night. [Kunstnerisk og museal presentasjon] Utstilling på Polarmuseet i Tromsø. UiT; Tromsø. 2015-01-18 – 2015-12-31
  • Berge, Jørgen; Markusson, Helge M. Første april kom tidlig til Svalbard i år!. Fram.no [Internet] 2015-04-01
  • Berge, Jørgen; Markusson, Helge M. Sola aprilsnarret flere millioner – på forskudd. Forskning.no [Internet] 2015-04-01
  • Berge, Jørgen; MATTHÍASDÓTTIR, HREFNA RÓS. Dýrasvif brugðust við sólmyrkvanum. The Icelandic National Broadcasting Service [Internet] 2015-04-01
  • Berge, Jørgen; Stav, Torill Ustad. Solformørkelsen lurte flere millioner trill rundt. NRK [Internet] 2015-03-31
  • Eline, Tylden; Berge, Jørgen. Polart fokus under Forskningsdagene. iTromsø [Newspaper] 2015-09-24
  • Guro, Tarjem; Berge, Jørgen. Abels tårn. NRK P2 Ekko [Radio] 2015-05-08
  • Jemterud, Torkild; Kristoffersen, Berit; Berge, Jørgen; Wassmann, Paul. Ekko – Abels Tårn. Tema: Iskanten. UiT – Norges arktiske universitet [Radio] 2015-05-08
  • Jonathan, Webb; Berge, Jørgen. Arctic ocean’s wakeful winter revealed. BBC News [Internet] 2015-09-24
  • Palm, Eirik; Berge, Jørgen. Milliarder av sjødyr gikk fem på. Svalbardposten [Newspaper] 2015-03-27
  • Resvoll, Jørn; Berge, Jørgen. Polarnatt, liv og lys i mulm og mørke. NRK P1, Norgesglasset [Radio] 2015-03-30
  • Tandberg, Anne Helene S.; Berge, Jørgen; Johnsen, Geir; Aarekol, Lena.
    POLARNATT – liv og lyst i mulm og mørke. [Artistic or museum-related presentation] Polarnatt – liv og lyst i mulm og mørke. ; Polarmuseet, Tromsø. 2015-01-18 – 2015-10-01
  • Vogedes, Daniel Ludwig; Berge, Jørgen. Marine Night field campaign 2015 – blog.

For a complete list of scientific and popular science publications and outreach activities, please look here.

 

Photo of Martin Biuw

Martin Biuw

Senior Scientist

Research interests: I have extensive experience in marine mammal research, going back to my master's degree in zoology at Stockholm University 1996-1997.…Read More
Institute for Marine ResearchMarine Mammal Research Group Work address Institute of Marine Research Fram Centre Tromsø 9296 Norway Work Phone: +47 40 72 96 15

Research interests:

I have extensive experience in marine mammal research, going back to my master’s degree in zoology at Stockholm University 1996-1997. I have worked extensively with southern elephant seals in the Souther Ocean, initially through a PhD at the University of St Andrews linked to the Australian Antarctic Division in Australia. I have worked extensively with the development of innovative instrumentation methods for the study of migratory patterns and ecophysiology in marine mammals, as well as instrumentation for collecting oceanographic data using marine mammals. I have organized a number of research expeditions to islands in the Southern Ocean, and was expedition leader on the expedition to Bouvet Island in 2007-2008, organized by the Norwegian Polar Institute. Since 2018 I have been employed at the Institute of Marine Research, within the marine mammal research group. I am responsible for population modeling and assessment of ice-breeding seals (harp and hooded seals). I am a member of the NAMMCO (North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission) Scientific Committee, and a national delegate for the International Whaling Commission.

Publications:

  1. Biuw, M., Øigård, T. A., Nilssen, K. T., Stenson, G., & Haug, T. (2019). Estimation of pup production of harp and hooded seals in the Greenland Sea in 2018. WGHARP, WP SEA 247.
  2. Mul, E., Blanchet, M.-A., Biuw, M., & Rikardsen, A. (2019). Implications of tag positioning and performance on the analysis of cetacean movement. Animal Biotelemetry, 7(1), 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40317-019-0173-7
  3. Verfuss, U. K., Aniceto, A. S., Harris, D. V., Gillespie, D., Fielding, S., Jiménez, G., Johnston, P., Sinclair, R.R., Sivertsen, A., Solbø, S.A., Storvold, R., Biuw, M., Wyatt, R. (2019). A review of unmanned vehicles for the detection and monitoring of marine fauna. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.01.009
  4. Harcourt, R., Sequeira, A. M. M., Zhang, X., Roquet, F., Komatsu, K., Heupel, M., McMahon, C., Whoriskey, F., Meekan, M., Carroll, G., Brodie, S., Simpfendorfer, C., Hindell, M., Jonsen, I., Costa, D.P., Block, B., Muelbert, M., Woodward, B., Weise, M., Aarestrup, K., Biuw, M., Boehme, L., Bograd, S.J., Cazau, D., Charrassin, J.-B., Cooke, S.J., Cowley, P., de Bruyn, P.J.N., Jeanniard du Dot, T., Duarte, C., Eguíluz, V.M., Ferreira, L.C., Fernández-Gracia, J., Goetz, K., Goto, Y., Guinet, C., Hammill, M., Hays, G.C., Hazen, E.L., Hückstädt, L.A., Huveneers, C., Iverson, S., Jaaman, S.A., Kittiwattanawong, K., Kovacs, K.M., Lydersen, C., Moltmann, T., Naruoka, M., Phillips, L., Picard, B., Queiroz, N., Reverdin, G., Sato, K., Sims, D.W., Thorstad, E.B., Thums, M., Treasure, A.M., Trites, A.W., Williams, G.D., Yonehara, Y.,  Fedak, M. A. (2019). Animal-borne telemetry: An integral component of the ocean observing toolkit. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(JUN). https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00326
  5. Vacquie-Garcia, J., Lydersen, C., Biuw, M., Haug, T., Fedak, M. A., & Kovacs, K. M. (2017). Hooded seal Cystophora cristata foraging areas in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean—Investigated using three complementary methods. PLoS ONE, 12(12). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187889
  6. Aune, M., Aniceto, A. S., Biuw, M., Daase, M., Falk-Petersen, S., Leu, E., … Camus, L. (2018). Seasonal ecology in ice-covered Arctic seas – Considerations for spill response decision making. Marine Environmental Research, 141(March), 275–288. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.09.004
  7. Biuw, M., Nilssen, K. T., Haug, T., & Stenson, G. (2018). Report From Surveys To Assess Harp And Hooded Seal Pup Production In The Greenland Sea Pack-Ice In 2018, (7). Retrieved from https://www.hi.no/filarkiv/2018/08/vesterisen_2018_toktrapport_nr._7-2018.pdf/nb-no
  8. Aniceto, A. S., Biuw, M., Lindstrøm, U., Solbø, S. A., Broms, F., & Carroll, J. (2018). Monitoring marine mammals using unmanned aerial vehicles: Quantifying detection certainty. Ecosphere, 9(3). https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2122
  9. Blanchet, M.-A., Acquarone, M., Biuw, M., Larsen, R., Nordøy, E. S., & Folkow, L. P. (2018). A life after research? First release of harp seals (Pagophilus groenlandicus) after temporary captivity for scientific purposes. Aquatic Mammals, 44(4). https://doi.org/10.1578/AM.44.4.2018.343
  10. Aniceto, A. S., Biuw, M., Lindstrøm, U., Solbø, S. A., Broms, F., & Carroll, J. (2018). Monitoring marine mammals using unmanned aerial vehicles: Quantifying detection certainty. Ecosphere, 9(3). https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2122
  11. Boehme, L., A. Baker, M. Fedak, M. Årthun, K. Nicholls, P. Robinson, D. Costa, M. Biuw and T. Photopoulou (2016). Bimodal Winter Haul-out Patterns of Adult Weddell Seals (Leptonychotes Weddellii) in the Southern Weddell Sea. PLoS ONE 11 (5).
  12. Ramasco, V., F. Barraquand, M. Biuw, B. McConnell and K.T. Nilssen (2015). The Intensity of Horizontal and Vertical Search in a Diving Forager: The Harbour Seal. Movement Ecology 3(1):15. doi:10.1186/s40462-015-0042-9.
  13. Blanchet, M.A., C. Lydersen, M. Biuw, P.J.N. De Bruyn, G. Hofmeyr, B.A. Krafft and K.M. Kovacs (2014). Instrumentation and Handling Effects on Antarctic Fur Seals (Arctocephalus Gazella). Polar Research 33. doi:10.3402/polar.v33.21630.
  14. Lowther, A.D., C. Lydersen, M. Biuw, P.J.N. De Bruyn, G. Hofmeyr and K.M. Kovacs (2014). Post-Breeding at-Sea Movements of Three Central-Place Foragers in Relation to Submesoscale Fronts in the Southern Ocean around Bouvetøya. Antarctic Science 26 (5): 533-544. doi:10.1017/S0954102014000170.
  15. Ramasco, V., M. Biuw and K.T. Nilssen (2014). Improving Time Budget Estimates through the Behavioural Interpretation of Dive Bouts in Harbour Seals. Animal Behaviour 94: 117–34. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2014.05.015.
  16. Zhou, Q., T. Hattermann, O. A. Nøst, M. Biuw, K. M. Kovacs and C. Lydersen. (2014). Wind-Driven Spreading of Fresh Surface Water beneath Ice Shelves in the Eastern Weddell Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 119 (6): 3818–33. doi:10.1002/2013JC009556.
  17. Arriola, A., M. Biuw, M. Walton, S. Moss and P. Pomeroy  (2013). Selective Blubber Fatty Acid Mobilization in Lactating Gray Seals (Halichoerus Grypus). Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 86 (4): 441–50. doi:10.1086/671446.
  18. Blanchet, M.A., M. Biuw, G. Hofmeyr, P.J.N. De Bruyn, C. Lydersen K.M. Kovacs. (2013). At-Sea Behaviour of Three Krill Predators Breeding at Bouvetøya – Antarctic Fur Seals, Macaroni Penguins and Chinstrap Penguins. Marine Ecology Progress Series 477 (285–302). doi:10.3354/meps10110.
  19. Close, S.E., A.C. Naveira Garabato, E.L. McDonagh, B.A. King and M. Biuw. (2013). Control of Mode and Intermediate Water Properties in Drake Passage by the Amundsen Sea Low. Journal of Climate American Meteorological Society. doi:10.1175/jcli-d-12-00346.1.
  20. Roquet, F., C. Wunsch, G. Forget, P. Heimbach, C. Guinet, G. Reverdin, J.B. Charrassin, F. Baillul, D.P. Costa, L.A. Hucktadt, K.T. Goetz, K.M. Kovacs, C. Lydersen, M. Biuw, O.A. Nøst et al. (2013). Estimates of the Southern Ocean General Circulation Improved by Animal-Borne Instruments. Geophysical Research Letters 40 (23): 6176–80. doi:10.1002/2013GL058304.
  21. Miller, P.J.O., M. Biuw, Y.Y. Watanabe, D. Thompson and M.A. Fedak. (2012). Sink Fast and Swim Harder! Round-Trip Cost-of-Transport for Buoyant Divers. Journal of Experimental Biology 215 (20): 3622–30. doi:10.1242/jeb.070128.
  22. Aoki, K., Y.Y. Watanabe, D.E. Crocker, P.W. Robinson, M. Biuw, D.P. Costa, N. Miyazaki, M.A. Fedak, and P.J.O. Miller. (2011). Northern Elephant Seals Adjust Gliding and Stroking Patterns with Changes in Buoyancy: Validation of at-Sea Metrics of Body Density. Journal of Experimental Biology 214 (17): 2973–87. doi:10.1242/jeb.055137.
  23. Derocher, A.E., M. Andersen, O. W., J. Aars, E. Hansen and M.Biuw. (2011). Sea Ice and Polar Bear Den Ecology at Hopen Island, Svalbard. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 441: 273–79. doi:10.3354/meps09406.
  24. Meredith, M.P., K.W. Nicholls, I.A. Renfrew, L. Boehme, M. Biuw and M.A. Fedak. (2011). Seasonal Evolution of the Upper-Ocean Adjacent to the South Orkney Islands, Southern Ocean: Results from A ‘lazy Biological Mooring’. Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography 58: 1569–79. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.07.008.
  25. Nost, O.A., M. Biuw, V. Tverberg, C. Lydersen, T. Hattermann, Q. Zhou, L.H. Smedsrud and K.M. Kovacs. (2011). Eddy Overturning of the Antarctic Slope Front Controls Glacial Melting in the Eastern Weddell Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 116, C11014, doi:10.1029/2011jc006965.
  26. Biuw, M., O.A. Nøst, A. Stien, Q. Zhou, C. Lydersen, K.M. Kovacs and O.A. Nøst. (2010). Effects of Hydrographic Variability on the Spatial, Seasonal and Diel Diving Patterns of Southern Elephant Seals in the Eastern Weddell Sea. Plos One 5 (11). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013816.
  27. Biuw, M., C. Lydersen, P.J.N. De Bruyn, A. Arriola, G. Hofmeyr, P. Kritzinger and K.M. Kovacs. (2010). Long-Range Migration of a Chinstrap Penguin from Bouvetoya to Montagu Island, South Sandwich Islands. Antarctic Science 22 (2): 157–62. doi:10.1017/s0954102009990605.
  28. Boehme, L., K. Kovacs, C. Lydersen, O.A. Nøst, M. Biuw, J.B. Charrassin, F. Roquet, et al. (2010). Biologging in the Global Ocean Observing System. In Proceedings of OceanObs09 Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society Vol 2. European Space Agency. http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/14472/.
  29. Charrassin, J.B., F. Roquet, Y.H. Park, F. Bailleul, C. Guinet, M.M. Meredith, K. Nicholls, et al. (2010). New Insights into Southern Ocean Physical and Biological Processes Revealed by Instrumented Elephant Seals.” In Wildlife Research. European Space Agency. http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/14473/.
  30. Biuw, M., B.A. Krafft, G. Hofmeyr, C. Lydersen and K.M. Kovacs. (2009). Time Budgets and at-Sea Behaviour of Lactating Female Antarctic Fur Seals Arctocephalus Gazella at Bouvetoya. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 385: 271–84. doi:10.3354/meps08025.
  31. Boehme, L., P. Lovell, M. Biuw, F. Roquet, J. Nicholson, S.E. Thorpe, M.P. Meredith and M. Fedak. (2009). Animal-Borne CTD-Satellite Relay Data Loggers for Real-Time Oceanographic Data Collection. Ocean Science 5 (4): 685–95. doi:10.5194/os-5-685-2009.
  32. Graves, J.A., A. Helyar, M. Biuw, M. Jussi, I. Jussi and O. Karlsson. (2009). Microsatellite and mtDNA Analysis of the Population Structure of Grey Seals (Halichoerus Grypus) from Three Breeding Areas in the Baltic Sea. Conservation Genetics 10 (1): 59–68. doi:10.1007/s10592-008-9517-1.
  33. Boehme, L., M.P. Meredith, S.E. Thorpe, M. Biuw and M. Fedak. (2008). The Antarctic Circumpolar Current Frontal System in the South Atlantic: Monitoring Using Merged Argo and Animal-Borne Sensor Data. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 113 (C9). doi:10.1029/2007jc004647.
  34. Boehme, L., S.E. Thorpe, M. Biuw, M. Fedak and M.P. Meredith. (2008). Monitoring Drake Passage with Elephant Seals: Frontal Structures and Snapshots of Transport. Limnology and Oceanography 53 (5): 2350–60. doi:10.4319/lo.2008.53.5_part_2.2350.
  35. Charrassin, J.B, M. Hindell, S.R. Rintoul, F. Roquet, S. Sokolov, M. Biuw, D. Costa, et al.  (2008). Southern Ocean Frontal Structure and Sea-Ice Formation Rates Revealed by Elephant Seals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105 (33): 11634–39. doi:10.1073/pnas.0800790105.
  36. Nicholls, K.W., L. Boehme, M. Biuw and M.A. Fedak. (2008). Wintertime Ocean Conditions over the Southern Weddell Sea Continental Shelf, Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters 35 (21). doi:10.1029/2008gl035742.
  37. Bailleul, F., J.B. Charrassin, P. Monestiez, F. Roquet, M. Biuw and C. Guinet. (2007). Successful Foraging Zones of Southern Elephant Seals from the Kerguelen Islands in Relation to Oceanographic Conditions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 362 (1487): 2169–81. doi:10.1098/rstb.2007.2109.
  38. Biuw, M., L. Boehme, C. Guinet, M. Hindell, D. Costa, J.B. Charrassin, F. Roquet et al. (2007). Variations in Behavior and Condition of a Southern Ocean Top Predator in Relation to in Situ Oceanographic Conditions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104 (34): 13705–10. doi:10.1073/pnas.0701121104.
  39. Gallon, S.L., C.E. Sparling, J.Y. Georges, M.A. Fedak, M. Biuw and D. Thompson. (2007). How Fast Does a Seal Swim? Variations in Swimming Behaviour under Differing Foraging Conditions. Journal of Experimental Biology 210 (18): 3285–94. doi:10.1242/jeb.007542.
  40. Hooker, S.K., M. Biuw, B. J. McConnell, P.J. Miller and C.E. Sparling. (2007). Bio-Logging Science: Logging and Relaying Physical and Biological Data Using Animal-Attached Tags. Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography 54 (3–4): 177–82. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.01.001.
  41. Fedak, M., P. Lovell, J. Nicholson, M Biuw, L. Bohme and K.M. Kovacs. (2006). Enlisting Marine Mammals as Oceanographic Explorers: Unique CTD Profilers for IPY. Geophysical Research Abstracts 8: 8935. https://www.cosis.net/abstracts/EGU06/08935/EGU06-J-08935.pdf.
  42. Biuw, M, B. McConnell, C.J.A. Bradshaw, H. Burton and M. Fedak. (2003). Blubber and Buoyancy: Monitoring the Body Condition of Free-Ranging Seals Using Simple Dive Characteristics. Journal of Experimental Biology 206 (19): 3405–23. doi:10.1242/jeb.00583.
Photo of Bodil Bluhm

Bodil Bluhm

Professor

Research interests:
  • Structure and function of Arctic benthic and sea ice ecosystems
  • Biodiversity
  • Community ecology
  • Food web structure
  • Cryo-benthic-pelagic coupling
  • Invertebrate population dynamics.
Read More
UiT The Arctic University of NorwayArctic and Marine Biology Work address Department of Arctic and Marine Biology Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Econoics UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø 9037 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 64 43 82

Research interests:

  • Structure and function of Arctic benthic and sea ice ecosystems
  • Biodiversity
  • Community ecology
  • Food web structure
  • Cryo-benthic-pelagic coupling
  • Invertebrate population dynamics.

Current national and international projects:

  • ArcticABC: Arctic Ocean ecosystems – Applied technology, Biological interactions and Consequences in an era of abrupt climate change (Norwegian Research Council)
  • Synthesis of Arctic Research (SOAR) (Bureau of Ocean Energy Management)
    SOAR brings together a multidisciplinary group of Arctic scientists and residents to explore and integrate information from completed and ongoing marine research in the Pacific Arctic
  • Arctic Ecosystem Integrated Survey (Bureau of Ocean Energy Management)
    A comprehensive assessment of the oceanography, lower trophic levels, crab, and fish communities of the northeastern Bering Sea and eastern Chukchi Sea shelf
  • Beaufort Sea fish and invertebrate surveys (Bureau of Ocean Energy Management)
    Surveys of lower trophics to fish on the Beaufort Sea shelf and slope; food web studies, community ecology, biodiversity, zoogeography, environmental linkages
  • Arctic crab research (Fram Centre, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management)
    A study to assess abundance, biomass, population structure, fecundity, diet and role in the food web of Chionoecetes opilio in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas
  • A study of climate, oceanography and lower trophic levels in the Bering Sea and their relevance to people in the region
  • Russian-American Long-term Census of the Arctic (RUSALCA): Arctic Epibenthic Community Structure and Benthic Food Web Structure (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
    Towards building a time-series of interdisciplinary data sets from ocean conditions to faunal communities in the Russian and US parts of the Chukchi Sea

Completed national and international projects:

Selection of relevant scientific publications:

  1. Bluhm BA, Carmack E, Kosobokova K.  A tale of two basins: An integrated physical and biological perspective of the deep Arctic Ocean. Progress in Oceanography, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2015.07.011
  2. Divine L, Iken K, Bluhm BA (2015) Regional benthic food web structure on the Alaskan Beaufort Sea shelf. Marine Ecology Progress Series 531:15-32
  3. Grebmeier JM, Bluhm BA, Cooper LW, Danielson S, Arrigo K, Blanchard AL, Clark JT, Day RH, Frey KE, Gradinger RR, Kedra M, Konar B, Kuletz KJ, Lee SH, Lovvorn JR, Norcross BL, Okkonen SR (2015) Ecosystem characteristics and processes facilitating persistent macrobenthic biomass hotspots and associated benthivory in the Pacific Arctic. Progress in Oceanography 136:92–114
  4. Renaud PE, Sejr MK, Bluhm BA, Sirenko B, Ellingsen IH (2015) The future of Arctic benthos: expansion, invasion, and biodiversity. Progress in Oceanography, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2015.07.007
  5. Nelson RJ, Ashjian C, Bluhm B, Conlan K, Gradinger R, Grebmeier J, Hill V, Hopcroft R, Hunt B, Joo H, Kirchman D, Kosobokova K, Lee S, Li W, Lovejoy C, Poulin M, Sherr E, Young K (2014) Biodiversity and biogeography of the lower trophic fauna of the Pacific Arctic region – sensitivities to climate change. In: Grebmeier JM, Maslowski W, Zhao J (eds) The Pacific Arctic sector: status and trends.
  6. Hop H, Bluhm BA, Daase M, Gradinger R, Poulin M (2013) Arctic sea ice biota. In: Arctic Report Card: Update for 2013.
  7. Iken K, Bluhm BA, Søreide J (2013) Benthos. In: Arctic Report Card: Update for 2013.
  8. Josefson AB, Mokievsky V (lead authors), Bergman M, Blicher ME, Bluhm B, Cochrane S, Denisenko NV, Hasemann C, Jørgensen LL, Klages M, Schewe I, Sejr MK, Soltwedel T, Weslawski JM, Wlodarska-Kowalczuk (contributing authors) (2013) Chapter 8. Marine invertebrates. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment – Status and Trends in Biodiversity in the Arctic. CAFF Working Group of the Arctic Council.
  9. Michel C, Rice J (lead authors), Bluhm B, Duarte C, Galucci V, Gaston T, Gordillo FJL, Gradinger R, Hopcroft R, Jensen N, Mustonen T, Nielsen TG, Niemi A, Skjoldal HR (contributing authors) (2013) Chapter 11. Arctic Marine Ecosystems. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment – Status and Trends in Biodiversity in the Arctic. CAFF Working Group of the Arctic Council.
  10. Bluhm BA, Grebmeier JM, Archambault P, Blicher M, Guðmundsson G, Iken K, Lindal Jørgensen L, Mokievsky V (2012) Benthos. In: Arctic Report Card: Update for 2012. http://www.arctic.noaa.gov/reportcard/index.html
  11. Michel C, Bluhm B, Gallucci V, Gaston T, Gordillo FJL, Gradinger R, Hopcroft R, Jensen N, Mustonen T, Niemi A, Nielsen TG (2012) Biodiversity of Arctic marine ecosystems and responses to climate change. Biodiversity 13:200-214
  12. McConnell B, Gradinger R, Iken K, Bluhm BA (2012) Growth rates of juvenile Scolelepis squamata (Polychaeta: Spionidae) from Chukchi Sea fast ice. Polar Biology 35:1487-1494
  13. Bluhm BA, Grebmeier JM (2011) Biodiversity – status and trends of benthic organisms. In: Arctic Report Card: Update for 2011. http://www.arctic.noaa.gov/report11/biodiv_benthic_organisms.html
  14. Bluhm BA, Gebruk AV, Gradinger R, Hopcroft RR, Huettmann F, Kosobokova KN, Sirenko SI, Weslawski JM (2011) Arctic marine biodiversity – an update of species richness and examples of biodiversity change. Oceanography 24:232–248
  15. Bluhm BA, Ambrose Jr WG, Bergmann M, Clough LM, Gebruk AV, Hasemann C, Iken K, Klages M, MacDonald IR, Renaud PE, Schewe I, Soltwedel T, Wlodarska-Kowalczuk M (2011) Diversity of the Arctic deep-sea benthos. Marine Biodiversity 41:87-107
  16. Piepenburg D, Archambault P, Ambrose WG Jr, Blanchard A, Bluhm BA, Carroll ML, Conlan K, Cusson M, Feder HM, Grebmeier JM, Jewett SC, Lévesque M, Petryashev VV, Sejr MK, Sirenko B, Włodarska-Kowalczuk M (2011) Towards a pan-Arctic inventory of the species diversity of the macro- and megabenthic fauna of the Arctic shelf seas. Marine Biodiversity 41:51-70
  17. Sharma J, Baguley J, Bluhm BA, Rowe G (2011) Do meio- and macrobenthic nematodes differ in community composition and body weight trends with depth? PLoS ONE 6(1): e14491
  18. Bluhm BA, Iken K, Hopcroft RR (2010) Observations and exploration of the Arctic’s Canada Basin and the Chukchi Sea: The Hidden Ocean and RUSALCA expeditions. Deep-Sea Research  II 57:1-4
  19. Bluhm BA, Gradinger RR, Schnack-Schiel SB (2010) Sea ice meio- and macrofauna. In: Thomas D, Dieckmann G (eds) Sea ice. 2nd edition. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, pp 357-394
  20. Bluhm B, Watts D, Huettmann F (2010) Free database availability, metadata and the Internet: an example of two high latitude components of the Census of Marine Life. In: Huettmann F, Cushman S.A. (eds) Spatial complexity, informatics and wildlife conservation. Springer, Tokyo, pp 233-244
  21. Gradinger R, Bluhm BA (2010) Timing of ice algal grazing by the Arctic nearshore benhic amphipod Onisimus litoralis. Arctic 63:355-358
  22. Gradinger R, Bluhm B, Iken K (2010) Arctic sea ice ridges – safe havens for sea ice fauna during periods of extreme ice melt? Deep-Sea Research II 57:86-95
  23. Iken K, Bluhm BA, Dunton K (2010) Benthic food web structure serves as indicator of water mass properties in the southern Chukchi Sea. Deep-Sea Research II 57:71-85
  24. MacDonald IR, Bluhm BA, Iken K, Gagaev S, Strong S (2010) Benthic macrofaunal and megafaunal assemblages in the Arctic deep-sea Canada Basin. Deep-Sea Research II 57:136-152
  25. Wei C-K, Rowe GT, Escobar-Briones E, Boetius A, Soltwedel T, Caley MJ, Soliman Y, Huettmann F, Qu F, Yu Z, Pitcher CR, Haedrich RL, Wicksten MK, Rex MA, Baguley JG, Sharma J, Danovaro R, MacDonald  IR, Nunnally CC, Deming JW, Montagna P, Lévesque M, Weslawski JM, Wlodarska-Kowalczuk M, Ingole BS, Bett BJ, Yool A, Bluhm BA, Iken K, Narayanaswamy BE (2010) Global patterns and predictions of seafloor biomass using random forests. PLoS ONE 5(12): e15323
  26. Bluhm BA, Iken K, Mincks SL, Sirenko BI, Holladay BA (2009) Community structure of epibenthic megafauna in the Chukchi Sea. Aquatic Biology 7:269-293
  27. Gradinger R, Bluhm BA (2009) Assessment of the abundance and diversity of sea ice biota. In: Eicken H, Gradinger R, Salganek M, Shirasawa K, Perovich D, Leppäranta M (eds) Handbook on field techniques in sea ice research (a sea ice system services approach). University of Alaska Press, Fairbanks, pp 283-300
  28. Gradinger R, Kaufman MR, Bluhm BA (2009) The pivotal role of sea ice sediments for the seasonal development of near-shore Arctic fast ice biota. Marine Ecology Progress Series 394:49-63
  29. Piepenburg D, Bluhm BA (2009) Arctic seafloor life, glasnost and climate change. In: Hempel G, Hempel I (eds) Biological studies in polar oceans – exploration of life in icy waters. Wirtschaftsverlag N.W., pp 133-142
  30. Bluhm BA, Gradinger R (2008) Regional variability in food availability for Arctic marine mammals. Ecological Applications 18 suppl: 77-96
  31. Kaufman MR, Gradinger RR, Bluhm BA, O’Brien DM (2008) Using stable isotopes to assess carbon and nitrogen turnover in the Arctic sympagic amphipod Onisimus litoralis. Oecologia 158:11-22
  32. Piraino S, Bluhm BA, Gradinger R, Boero F (2008) Sympagohydra tuuli gen. nov. et sp. nov. (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) a cool hydroid from the Arctic sea ice. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of United Kingdom 88:1637-1641
  33. Bluhm BA, Coyle CO, Konar B, Highsmith RC (2007) High gray whale densities at an oceanographic front in the south-central Chukchi Sea in 2003. Deep-Sea Research II 54:2919-2933
  34. Coyle KO, Bluhm BA, Konar B, Blanchard A, Highsmith RC (2007) Amphipod prey of gray whales in the northern Bering Sea: changes in biomass and distribution. Deep-Sea Research II 54:2906-2918
  35. Bluhm BA, Gradinger R, Piraino S (2007) First record of sympagic hydroids (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria) in Arctic coastal fast ice. Polar Biology 30:1557-1563
  36. Gradinger R, Bluhm BA (2006) Life in the crystal palace: flora and fauna of the Arctic sea ice. In Hempel H, Schiel S (eds) Life in the oceans – an ecological reader. Hauschild Verlag, in German, pp 39-47
  37. Highsmith RC, Coyle KO, Bluhm BA, Konar B (2006) Gray Whales in the Bering and Chukchi Seas. In Estes J, DeMaster DP, Doak DF, Williams TM, Brownell RL (eds) Whales, Whaling and Ocean Ecosystems. UC Press, pp 303-313
  38. Bluhm BA, MacDonald IR, Debenham C, Iken K (2005) Macro- and megabenthic communities in the high Arctic Canada Basin: initial findings. Polar Biology (spec. issue) 28:218-231
  39. Gradinger R, Meiners K, Plumley G, Zhang Q, Bluhm BA (2005) Abundance and composition of the sea ice meiofauna in off-shore pack ice of the Beaufort Gyre in summer 2002 and 2003. Polar Biology (spec. issue) 28:171-181
  40. Iken K, Bluhm BA, Gradinger R (2005) Food web structure in the high Arctic Canada Basin: evidence from 13C and 15N analysis. Polar Biology (spec. issue) 28:238-249
  41. Gradinger RR, Bluhm BA (2004) In situ observations on the distribution and behavior of amphipods and Arctic cod (Boreogadus saida) under the sea ice of the high Arctic Canadian Basin.  Polar Biology 27:595-603
  42. Bluhm BA, Bechtel, PJ (2003) The potential fate and effects of seafood processing wastes dumped at sea: A review. In Bechtel PJ (ed) Advances in Seafood Byproducts: 2002 Conference Proceedings. Alaska Sea Grant College Program, University of Alaska Fairbanks: pp 121-140
  43. Bluhm BA, Brey T (2001) Age determination in the Antarctic shrimp Notocrangon antarcticus (Pfeffer, 1887) (Crustacea: Decapoda) using the autofluorescent pigment lipofuscin. Marine Biology 138:247-257
  44. Bluhm BA, Brey T, Klages M (2001) The autofluorescent age pigment lipofuscin: key to age, growth and productivity of the Antarctic amphipod Waldeckia obesa (Chevreux, 1905). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 258:215-235
  45. Bluhm BA, Brey T, Klages M, Arntz WE (2001) Occurrence of the autofluorescent pigment lipofuscin in polar crustaceans and its potential as an age marker. Polar Biology 24:642-649
  46. Bluhm BA, Piepenburg D, v Juterzenka K (1998) Distribution, standing stock, growth, mortality and production of Strongylocentrotus pallidus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in the northern Barents Sea. Polar Biology 20:325-334

 

Photo of Yasemin Bodur

Yasemin Bodur

PhD candidate

PhD project title: Seasonal patterns of vertical flux and pelagic-benthic coupling in the Northern Barents Sea.…Read More
UiT The Arctic University of NorwayArctic and Marine Biology Work address Department of Arctic and Marine Biology Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø 9037 Norway

PhD project title:

Seasonal patterns of vertical flux and pelagic-benthic coupling in the Northern Barents Sea.

PhD project description:

I want to compare the seasonal patterns of the export flux between Atlantic-influenced and Arctic-influenced regions in the Northern Barents Sea. Moreover, I am interested in the characteristics of the sedimenting organic matter which determine the quantity and quality of the food input for benthic communities at the seafloor.

Start date: Jul 2019
Planned submission date: Jul 2023

Supervisors:

Marit Reigstad (UiT, Tromsø, Norway)
Paul Renaud (Akvaplan-niva, Tromsø, Norway)

Scientific publications:

  1. Link, H., Veit-Köhler, G., Seifert, D., Bodur, Y., 2015. Tracing the effect of changing ice cover on benthic ecosystem functioning – from Meio to Macro. Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung 105–112.
  2. Purser, A., Hoge, U., Lemburg, J., Bodur, Y., Schiller, E., Ludszuweit, J., Greinert, J., Dreutter, S., Dorschel, B., Wenzhöfer, F. 2020. PlasPI marine cameras: Open-source, affordable camera systems for time series marine studies. HardwareX 7:e00102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ohx.2020.e00102
Photo of Sophie Bourgeon

Sophie Bourgeon

Associate professor

Research interests: Ecotoxicology, Arctic seabirds and mammals, persistent organic pollutants, plastic pollution, multiple stressors Current projects: PlastPoll- Plastic pollution; a global Challenge Towards harmonized understanding, education and methodology in Europe, USA and China.…Read More
UiT The Arctic University of NorwayArctic and Marine Biology Work address Department of Arctic and Marine Biology Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Econoics UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø 9037 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 64 60 33 Website: sophiebourgeon.webs.com (personal website)

Research interests:

Ecotoxicology, Arctic seabirds and mammals, persistent organic pollutants, plastic pollution, multiple stressors

Current projects:

PlastPoll– Plastic pollution; a global Challenge Towards harmonized understanding, education and methodology in Europe, USA and China.
In collaboration with Dr. Dorte Herzke.

EnviStress– Environmental stress processes: the role of anthropogenic pollution in a rapidly changing environment.
In collaboration with Dr. Jan Ove Bustnes

EcoStress – Ecological consequences of environmentally persistent pollutants in a marine sentinel species: A multi-stressor approach.
In collaboration with Dr. Jan Ove Bustnes

Completed projects:

HvalrossTOX– Sucking clams or hunting seals – consequences to walrus health. Contaminants in Atlantic walruses: effects on endocrine and immune systems.
In collaboration with Dr. Heli Routti

AVITOX – Causes and consequences of high loads of biomagnifying pollutants in avian top predators in the Arctic.
In collaboration with Dr. Jan Ove Bustnes

BEARENERGY– Synergistic effects of sea ice-free periods and contaminant exposure on energy metabolism in polar bears from the Barents sea area.
In collaboration with Dr. Heli Routti and Dr. Geir W. Gabrielsen

SKUA– Physiological effects of new- and old persistent organic pollutants in a breeding seabird top predator: the great skua Stercorarius skua. In collaboration with Dr. Jan Ove Bustnes

Selection of relevant scientific publications:

  1. Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Hanssen, S-A., Petersen, A., Strøm, H., Bjørn, T.H., Gabrielsen, G.W., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W., Haarr, A., Borgå, K. 2019. The effect of long-range transport, trophic position and diet specialization on legacy contaminant occurrence in great skuas, Stercorarius skua, breeding across the Northeast Atlantic. Environmental Pollution. 244, 55-65.
  2. Tartu, S., Aars, J., Andersen, M., Polder, A., Bourgeon, S., Merkel, B., Lowther, A.D., Bytingsvik, J., Welker, J.M., Derocher, A.E., Jenssen, B.M., Routti, H. 2018. Choose your poison – Space-use strategy influences pollutant exposure in Barents Sea polar bears. Environmental Science & Technology, 52 (5), 3211-3221.
  3. Tartu, S., Lille-Langøy, R., Størseth, T.R., Bourgeon, S., Brunsvik, A., Aars, J., Goksøyr, A., Jenssen, B.M., Polder, A., Thiemann, G.W., Torget, V., Routti, H. 2017. Multiple-stressor effects in an apex predator: combined influence of pollutants and sea ice decline on lipid metabolism in polar bears. Scientific Reports, 7, 16487.
  4. Bourgeon, S., Riemer, A.K., Tartu, S., Aars, J., Polder, A., Jenssen, B.M., Routti, H. 2017. Potentiation of ecological factors on the disruption of thyroid hormones by organo-halogenated contaminants in female polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from the Barents Sea. Environmental Research, 158, 94-104.
  5. Hanssen, S.A., Sonne, C., Bustnes, J.O., Schnug, L., Bourgeon, S., Ballesteros, M., Eulaers, I., Moum, T., Johnsen, T.V., Kjelgaard-Hansen M., Herzke, D., Jaspers, V.L.B., Covaci, A., Eens, M., Halley, D.J., Erikstad, K.E., Ims, R.A. 2017. Anti-parasite treatment and blood biochemistry in raptor nestlings. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 95, 685-693.
  6. Tartu, S., Bourgeon, S., Aars, J., Andersen, M., Polder, A., Thiemann, G.W., Welker, J.M., Routti, H. 2017. Sea ice-associated decline in body condition leads to increased concentrations of lipophilic pollutants in polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from Svalbard, Norway. Science of the Total Environment, 576, 409-419.
  7. Tartu, S., Bourgeon, S., Aars, J., Andersen, M., Lone, K., Jenssen, B.M., Polder, A., Thiemann, G.W., Torget, V., Welker, J.M., Routti, H. 2017. Diet and metabolic state are the main factors determining concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances in female polar bears from Svalbard. Environmental Pollution, 229, 146-158.
  8. Tartu, S., Bourgeon, S., Aars, J., Andersen, M., Ehrich, D., Thiemann, G.W., Welker, J.M., Routti, H. 2016. Geographical area and life history traits influence diet in an Arctic marine predator. PLoS ONE 11(5), e0155980.
  9. Sletten, S., Bourgeon, S., Bårdsen, B.-J., Herzke, D., Criscuolo, F., Massemin, S., Zahn, S., Johnsen, T.V., Bustnes, J.-O. 2016. Organohalogenated contaminants in white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) nestlings: An assessment of relationships to immunoglobulin levels, telomeres and oxidative stress. Science of the Total Environment, 539, 337-349.
  10. Bustnes, J.O., Bourgeon, S., Leat, E.H.K., Magnusdottir, E., Strøm, H., Hanssen, S-A., Petersen, A., Olafsdottir, K., Borgå, K., Gabrielsen, G.W., Furness, R.W. 2015. Multiple stressors in a top predator seabird: potential ecological consequences of environmental contaminants, population health and breeding conditions. PLoS ONE 10 (7), e0131769.
  11. Williams, T.D., Bourgeon, S., Cornell, A., Ferguson, L., Fowler, M., Fronstin, R.B., Love, O.P. 2015. Mid-winter temperatures, not spring temperatures, predict breeding phenology in the European starling Sturnus vulgaris. Royal Society open science 2: 140301.
  12. Prop, J., Aars, J., Bårdsen, B.-J., Hanssen, S.A., Bech, C., Bourgeon, S., de Fouw, J.,  Gabrielsen, G.W., Noreen, E., Oudman, T., Sittler, B., Stempniewicz, L., Tombre, I., Wolters, E., Moe, B. 2015. Climate change and the increasing impact of polar bears on bird populations. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 3:33.
  13. Legagneux, P., Berzins, L.L., Forbes, M., Harms, N.J., Hennin, H., Bourgeon, S., Forster, J., Gilchrist, H.G., Bêty, J., Soos, C., Love, O.P., Foster, J.T., Descamps, S., Burness, G. 2014. No selection on immunological markers in response to a highly virulent pathogen in an Arctic breeding bird. Evolutionary Applications, 7 (7), 765-773.
  14. Magnusdottir, E., Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Jonsson, J.E., Phillips, R.A., Strøm, H., Petersen, A., Hanssen, S-A., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W. 2014. Activity patterns of wintering Great Skuas Stercorarius skua. Bird Study, 61 (3), 301-308.
  15. Bourgeon, S., Leat, E.H.K., Magnusdottir, E., Furness, R.W., Strøm, H., Petersen, A., Gabrielsen, G.W., Hanssen, S.A., Bustnes, J.O. 2014. Feather corticosterone levels on wintering grounds have no carry-over effects on breeding among three populations of great skuas (Stercorarius skua). PLoS ONE, 9 (6), e100439.
  16. Love, O.P., Madliger, L., Bourgeon, S., Semeniuk, C.A.D., Williams, T.D. 2014. Evidence for baseline glucocorticoids as mediators of reproductive investment in a wild bird. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 199, 65-69.
  17. Hanssen, S.A., Bustnes, J.O., Schnug, L., Bourgeon, S., Ballesteros, M., Sonne, C., Herzke, D., Jaspers, V.L.B., Covaci, A., Halley, D.J., Moum, T., Eulaers, I., Eens, M.,  Ims, R.A., Erikstad, K.E., Johnsen, T. Anti-parasite treatments reduce humoral immunity and impact oxidative status in raptor nestlings. 2013. Ecology and Evolution, 3 (16), 5157-5166.
  18. Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Magnusdottir, E., Gabrielsen, G.W., Grecian, W.J., Hanssen, S.A., Olafsdóttir, K., Petersen, Æ., Phillips, R.A., Strøm, H., Ellis, S., Fisk, A.T., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W., Borgå, K. 2013. The influence of wintering area on concentration and pattern of persistent organic pollutants in a breeding migratory seabird. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 491, 277-293.
  19. Bourgeon, S., Leat, E.H.K., Furness, R.W., Borgå, K., Hanssen, S.A., Bustnes, J.O. 2013. Dietary versus maternal sources of organochlorines in top predator seabird chicks: an experimental approach. Environmental Science & Technology, 47, 5963-5970.
  20. Sonne, C., Rigét, F.F., Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Borgå, K., Strøm, H., Hanssen, S.A., Gabrielsen, G.W., Petersen, Æ., Olafsdóttir, K., Magnusdottir, E., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W., Kjelgaard-Hansen, M. 2013. Organohalogen contaminants and blood plasma clinical-chemical parameters in three colonies of North Atlantic Great skua (Stercorarius skua). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 92, 245-251.
  21. Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Eze, J., Muir, D., Williamson, M., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W., Borgå, K. 2013. Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in eggs and plasma of an avian top predator, great skua Stercorarius skua, in the North Atlantic. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 32 (3), 569-576.
  22. Magnusdottir, E., Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Strøm, H., Petersen, A., Phillips, R.A., Hanssen, S-A., Bustnes, J.O., Hersteinsson, P., Furness, R.W. 2012. Wintering areas of Great Skuas Stercorarius skua breeding in Scotland, Iceland and Norway. Bird Study, 59, 1-9.
  23. Bourgeon, S., Leat, E.H.K., Furness, R.W., Magnusdottir, E., Fisk, A.T., Strøm, H., Hanssen, S.A., Petersen, Æ., Olafsdóttir, K., Borgå, K., Gabrielsen, G.W., Bustnes, J.O. 2012. Individual variation in biomarkers of health: influence of persistent organic pollutants in Great skuas (Stercorarius skua) breeding at different geographical locations. Environmental Research, 118, 31-39.
  24. Bourgeon, S., Parker-Guindre, S., Williams, T.D. 2011. Effects of sibling competition on growth, oxidative stress and humoral immunity: a two-year brood size manipulation. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 84 (4), 429-437.
  25. Noreen, E., Bourgeon, S., Bech, C. 2011. Growing old with the immune system: a study of immunosenescence in the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata). Journal of Comparative Physiology B., 181, 649-656.
  26. Leat, E.H.K., Bourgeon, S., Borgå, K., Strøm, H., Hanssen, S-A., Gabrielsen, G.W., Petersen, A., Olafsdottir, K., Magnusdottir, E., Fisk, A.T., Ellis, S., Bustnes, J.O., Furness, R.W. 2011. Effects of environmental exposure and diet on levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in eggs of a top predator in the North Atlantic in 1980 and 2008. Environmental Pollution, 159, 1222-1228.
  27. Bourgeon, S., Kauffmann, M., Geiger, S., Raclot, T., Robin, J-P. 2010. Relationships between metabolic status, corticosterone secretion and maintenance of innate and adaptive humoral immunities in fasted re-fed mallards. Journal of Experimental Biology, 213 (22), 3810-3818.
  28. Semeniuk, C.A.D., Bourgeon, S., Smith, S.L., Rothley, K.D. 2009. Hematological differences between stingrays at tourist and non-visited sites suggest physiological costs of wildlife tourism. Biological Conservation, 142, 1818-1829.
  29. Bourgeon, S., Le Maho, Y., Raclot, T. 2009. Proximate and ultimate mechanisms underlying immunosuppression during the incubation fast in female eiders: roles of triiodothyronine and corticosterone. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 163, 77-82.
  30. Bourgeon, S., Viera, V.M., Raclot, T., Groscolas, R. 2007. Hormones and immunoglobulin levels in king penguins during moulting and breeding fasts. Écoscience, 14 (4), 519-529.
  31. Bourgeon, S., Raclot, T., Le Maho, Y., Ricquier, D., Criscuolo, F. 2007. Innate immunity, assessed by plasma NO measurements, is not suppressed during the incubation fast in eiders. Developmental & Comparative Immunology, 31 (7), 720-728.
  32. Bourgeon, S., Raclot, T. 2007. Triiodothyronine suppresses humoral immunity but not T-cell-mediated immune response in incubating female eiders (Somateria mollissima). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 151 (2), 188-194.
  33. Bourgeon, S., Raclot, T. 2006. Corticosterone selectively decreases humoral immunity in female eiders during incubation. Journal of Experimental Biology, 209, 4957-4965.
  34. Bourgeon, S., Martinez, J., Criscuolo, F., Le Maho, Y., Raclot, T. 2006. Fasting-induced changes of immunological and stress indicators in breeding female Eiders. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 147 (3), 336-342.
  35. Bourgeon, S., Criscuolo, F., Le Maho, Y., Raclot, T. 2006. Phytohemagglutinin response and immunoglobulin index decrease during incubation fasting in female Common Eiders. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 79 (4), 793-800.
  36. Bourgeon, S., Criscuolo, F., Bertile, F., Raclot, T., Gabrielsen, G.W., Massemin, S. 2006. Effects of clutch sizes and incubation stage on nest desertion in the female Common Eider Somateria mollissima nesting in the high Arctic. Polar Biology, 29 (5), 358-363.

 

No Photo Available

Melissa Michelle Brandner

PhD candidate

Nord UniversityFaculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture Work address Faculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture Nord University Post box 1490 Bodø 8049 Norway Work Phone: +47 75 51 71 91
Photo of Sören Brandt

Sören Brandt

Master student

Research interests:
  • Impacts of climate change on Arctic marine food webs
  • The effect of boreal species on Arctic marine food web interactions
  • The impacts of climate change on the physiology and behavior of Arctic endemic species
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University KielEnvironmental Management

Research interests:

  • Impacts of climate change on Arctic marine food webs
  • The effect of boreal species on Arctic marine food web interactions
  • The impacts of climate change on the physiology and behavior of Arctic endemic species
Photo of Karley Campbell

Karley Campbell

Associate Professor

Research interests:
  • sea ice
  • algae
  • bacteria
  • production
  • phycology
  • climate change.
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UiT The Arctic University of NorwayArctic and Marine Biology Work address Department of Arctic and Marine Biology Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø 9037 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 62 52 20 Website: ResearchGate Website: ORCID

Research interests:

  • sea ice
  • algae
  • bacteria
  • production
  • phycology
  • climate change.

Life in the oceans is supported by an abundance of microscopic algae and bacteria that synthesize organic compounds and recycle them within the lower trophic levels, respectively. The activity of these microorganisms also influences the movement of carbon dioxide (CO2) between oceans and the atmosphere [1], which is an important function given the rising CO2 emissions that are currently driving a warming trend of the global climate [2]. In particular, the polar regions are warming faster than anywhere else on Earth, and the resulting impact on cryosphere systems is substantial [3; 4]. Changes in sea ice volume, seasonality and coverage in the Arctic Ocean are particularly concerning for specialized algae and bacteria that inhabit sea ice [5; 6]. The uncertain response of these vulnerable sea ice algae and bacteria to environmental change has been the focus of my research. This has involved method development to quantify abundance and productivity, field-based process studies to assess biological-physical coupling, and stressor experiments on ice algae cultures to target species-specific responses. I am also interested in the composition of microbial communities and how this varies with growth conditions characteristic of different ice habitats. This involves taxonomic identification of sea ice algae, as well as collaborations (eg Sanchez-Baracaldo laboratory Bristol, UK) to complete metagenomic analyses.

References: [1] Falkowski et al. 1998, Science, 200-206; [2] Graverson et al., 2008, Nature Lett. 53-57; [3] Hansen et al., 2010, Reviews Geophys. RG4004; [4] Screen and Simmonds, 2010, Nature Lett. 1334-1337; [5] Vihma et al., 2014, Surv. Geophys. 1175-1214; [6] Leu et al., 2015, Prog. Oceanogr. 151-170.

Ongoing projects:

  • Diatom-ARCTIC: Diatom Autoecological Responses to Changes in Ice Cover, University of Bristol, UK, Co-Investigator
  • SIMEP: Southampton Island Marine Ecosystem Project, University of Manitoba, Canada, Collaborator
  • Multidisciplinary Arctic Program, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Collaborator

Selected recent scientific publications:

  1. Campbell, K, Mundy, CJ, Juhl, AR, Dalman, L, Michel, C, Galley, RJ, Else, B, Geilfus, NX and S Rysgaard (2019), ‘Melt Procedure Affects the Photosynthetic Response of Sea Ice Algae’. Frontiers in Earth Science, vol 7(21), doi: 10.3389/feart.2019.00021.
  2. Lange, BA, Haas, C, Charette, J, Katlein, C, Campbell, K, Duerksen, S, et al. (2019), ‘Contrasting ice algae and snow-dependent irradiance relationships between fi rst-year and multiyear sea ice ’. Geophysical Research Letters, vol 46, pp 10834–10843.
  3. Dalman, L, Else, B, Barber, DG, Williams, WJ, Carmack, E, Campbell, K, Duke, P and CJ Mundy (2019), ‘Enhanced ice algal biomass along a tidal strait in the lower NW Passage of the Canadian Arctic ‘. Elementa Science of the Anthropocene, vol 7 (22), doi: 10.1525 / elementa.361.
  4. Campbell, K, Mundy, C, Belize, C, Aurelie, D and S Rysgaard (2018), ‘Seasonal dynamics of algal and bacterial communities in Arctic sea ice under variable snow cover’. Polar Biology, vol 41, pp 41-58.
  5. Leeuwe, van MA, Tedesco, L, Arrigo, KR, Assmy, P, Campbell, K, Meiners, KM, Rintala, J-M, Thomas, D and J Stefels (2018), ‘Micro-algal community structure and primary production in Arctic and Antarctic sea ice: A synthesis’, Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene 6(1), doi: 10.1525/elemnta.267.
  6. Campbell, K, Mundy, CJ, Gosselin, M, Landy, JC, Delaforge, A and S Rysgaard (2017), ‘Net community production in the bottom of first-year sea ice over the Arctic spring bloom’. Geophysical Research Letters, vol 44., pp 8971-8978.
  7. Campbell, K, Mundy, CJ, Landy, JC, Delaforge, A, Michel, C and S Rysgaard (2016), Community dynamics of bottom-ice algae in Dease Strait of the Canadian Arctic, Progress in Oceanography 149, pp 27-39.
  8. Campbell, K, Mundy, C, Barber, D and M Gosselin (2015), ‘Characterizing the sea ice algae chlorophyll a – snow depth relationship over Arctic spring melt using transmitted irradiance’. Journal of Marine Systems, vol 147, pp 76-84.
  9. Leu, E, Mundy, CJ, Assmy, P, Campbell, K, Gabrielsen, TM, Gosselin, M, Juul-Pedersen, T and R Gradinger (2015), ‘Arctic spring awakening – steering principles behind the phenology of vernal ice algae blooms’, Progress in Oceanography 139, pp 151-170.
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Lionel Camus

Senior Scientist

Research interests:
  • Biomarkers
  • Polar and deep marine ecosystems
  • Biological effects of oil and gas industries
  • Developing and implementing digital technologies in marine sciences.
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Akvaplan-nivaArctic R&D Work address Akvaplan-niva AS Fram Centre Tromsø 9296 Norway Work Phone: +47 95 94 32 55

Research interests:

  • Biomarkers
  • Polar and deep marine ecosystems
  • Biological effects of oil and gas industries
  • Developing and implementing digital technologies in marine sciences.

 

Photo of Pernilla Carlsson

Pernilla Carlsson

Scientist

Research interests: I am an environmental/analytical chemist with a background in marine chemistry as well.…Read More
Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA)Section for contaminants in aquatic environments Work address Norwegian Institute for Water Research Framcenter Hjalmar Johansens gate 14 Tromsø 9007 Norway

Research interests:

I am an environmental/analytical chemist with a background in marine chemistry as well. My main areas of research interest are bioaccumulation of environmental pollutants in Arctic marine and limnic food webs. Another area of interest is how climate change affects environmental processes that are important for understanding the fate and occurrence of contaminants in the Arctic. I have used enantiomer selective analyses to understand more about transfer and fate of pesticides in Arctic waters.

I am involved in assessments and reports for Arctic Monitoring Assessment Programme (AMAP) as well, focusing on emerging contaminants and combined effects of climate change and persistent organic pollutants (POPs).

Scientific diving is a tool I use as much as possible in my research. Certain experiments and sampling cannot be achieved without diving. Other techniques for sampling organic pollutants are passive sampling (water) that is a very useful way of taking samples in the Arctic.

Running projects:

FlammePlank, Svalbard environmental fund project on occurrence of new flame retardants in Svalbard.

Scientific publications:

  1. Carlsson, P., Pawlak, J., Wilson, S., Christensen, J.H., Borgå, K., Aspmo Pfaffhuber, K., Odland, J.Ø., Kallenborn, R., Reiersen, L-O. Influence of Climate Change on Transport, Levels, and Effects of Contaminants in Northern Areas. Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM) and AMAP. –planned 2016
  2. Carlsson, P., Crosse, J.D., Halsall, C., Evenset, A., Heimstad, E.S., Harju, M., 2016a. Perfluoroalkylated substances (PFASs) and legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in halibut and shrimp from coastal areas in the far north of Norway: Small survey of important dietary foodstuffs for coastal communities. Marine Pollution Bulletin.
  3. Carlsson, P., Literák, J., Dušek, L., Hofman, J., Bucheli, T.D., Klánová, J., 2016b. Temporal and spatial variability of enantiomeric fractions (EFs) of chiral organochlorines in relation to soil properties. J. Soils Sediments, 1-9.
  4. Carlsson, P., Warner, N.A., Hallanger, I.G., Herzke, D., Kallenborn, R., 2014. Spatial and temporal distribution of chiral pesticides in Calanus spp. from three Arctic fjords. Environ Pollut 192, 154-161.
  5. Carlsson, P., Herzke, D., Kallenborn, R., 2014. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFASs) in traditional sea-food items from western Greenland. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 21, 4741-4750.
  6. Carlsson, P., Herzke, D., Kallenborn, R., 2014. Enantiomer-Selective and Quantitative Trace Analysis of Selected Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP) in Traditional Food from Western Greenland. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A 77, 616-627.
  7. Kallenborn, K., Halsall, C., Dellong, M., Carlsson, P. 2012. The influence of climate change on the global distribution and fate processes of anthropogenic persistent organic pollutants. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 14, 2854-2869.
  8. Carlsson, P., Cornelissen, G., Bøghild, C.E., Rysgaard, S., Mortensen, J. Kallenborn, R. 2012. Hydrology-linked spatial distribution of pesticides in a fjordsystem in Greenland. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 14 (5), 1437-1443.

Popular science and outreach:

  • Fram-dagen Nov 2015; dykking for vitenskap
  • Invited key note speaker at Arctic Frontiers, Tromsø, Norway 2014
  • Invited for presentation at “Svalbardseminarene”, Longyearbyen, Svalbard, February 2014
  • Qualification in local final of “Forsker Grand Prix”, Tromsø to participation in the nationalfinal in Oslo, September 2013
  • Project leader for the Svalbard environmental fund project “POPjakt i skolen”, 2010-2012. An outreach project together with the school in Longyearbyen.