Michael Carroll » Members

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Michael Carroll

Senior researcher Akvaplan-nivaArctic R&D
Work address Akvaplan-niva AS Fram Centre Tromsø 9296 Norway Work Phone: +47 77 75 03 18
Photo of Michael Carroll

Research interests:

Arctic Benthic Biology and Ecology:

  • Benthic community structure and functioning
  • Climate variability and ecosystem forcing
  • Food web dynamics and trophic structure
  • Adaptations to environmental variability
  • Long-term community compositional changes in marine communities
  • Bivalve Sclerochronology.

Running national and international projects:

  • “Exploring the role of oceanic and atmospheric forcing on Arctic marine climate from newly developed annual shell based records in coastal Norway”. U.S. National Science Foundation (International Partner)
  • “Reconstruction of Environmental Histories Using Long-Lived Bivalve Shells in the Norwegian Arctic (RELIC)”. Norwegian Research Council (Project Coordinator)
  • “Annually-resolved archives of marine climate change – development of molluscan sclerochronology for marine environmental monitoring and climatology (ARAMACC)”. EU 7th Framework, Marie Curie Initial Training Network (Associate Partner)
  • “Influence of pollution and climate variation in rivers and coastal waters indicated by freshwater and marine bivalves”. Fram Center Flagship Contaminants (Project Coordinator, Co-Principal Investigator)
  • “Effects of climate on cod life history and ecology along a temperate-arctic gradient (CODCHRON)”. Fram Center Flagship Fjord & Coast (Co-Principal Investigator)
  • “Life on the edge – Blue mussels on Svalbard” Fram Center Flagship Fjord & Coast (Collaborator)

Completed national and international projects:

  • “Ecosystem structure and use of marine resources from bivalve and fish bone proxies”. Fram Center Flagship Fjord & Coast (Project Coordinator, Co-Principal Investigator)
  • “Clams as climate and ecosystem recorders during the Holocene”. Fram Center Flagship Fjord & Coast (Project Coordinator)
  • “The Kongsfjord – HAUSGARTEN – transect case study:  Impact of climate change on Arctic marine community structures and food webs”. StatoilHydro (HERMES Program) (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Benthic Macrofauna: Environmental Variation Baselines and Effects of Stressors”. StatoilHydro (Project Coordinator, Principal Investigator).
  • “Historical Polar Front Transect”. StatoilHydro – ARCTOS Arctic Research Program. (Principal Investigator)
  • “Diet and Reproductive Output in Arctic Molluscs: the Importance of Ice Algae and Phytoplankton (DREAM)”. Norwegian Research Council, Norway-U.S. Bilateral Research Program for Polar Research (Project Coordinator, Principal Investigator).
  • “Norwegian Component of the Ecosystem Studies of Subarctic and Arctic Regions (NESSAR)”. Norwegian Research Council, International Polar Year Program (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Benthic community response to long term effects from exposure to offshore discharges”. Norwegian Research Council, PROOF Program (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Life at the edge:  Benthic communities at the Barents Sea ice edge in a changing climate (BASICC)”. Norwegian Research Council: East European Programme for Russia (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Carbon flux and ecosystem feed back in the northern Barents Sea in an era of climate change”. Norwegian Research Council: NORKLIMA Programme (20 million NOK, Awarded to Paul Wassmann, Norwegian College of Fisheries Sciences).  (Co-Principal Investigator; Scientific Steering Committee).
  • “Digestibility of ice algae and phytoplankton: The potential impacts of changing food supply to the arctic benthos”. Norwegian Research Council/National Science Foundation Joint U.S.-Norway Research
  • “On Thin Ice?  Climatic Influence on Energy Flow and Trophic Structure in Arctic Marine Ecosystems”. Norwegian Research Council: ARKTØK Programme. (Coordinator).
  • “Development of monitoring guidelines and modeling tools for environmental effects from Mediterranean aquaculture (MERAMED)”. EU 5th Framework: Quality of Life; Management of Living Resources (Co-Principal Investigator; Scientific Steering Committee).
  • “Trajectories of Marine Ecosystem Response to Arctic Climate Change:  A Barents-Bering Sea Comparison”.  International Arctic Research Center  (Fairbanks, Alaska USA) (Co-Principal Investigator).
  • “Environmental Status of the North Sea”. Norwegian Oil Industry Consortium (OLF). (Coordinator)
  • “Circumpolar Atlas of Resources at Risk From Oil Spills in the Arctic”.  EPPR working group of the Arctic Council. (Project Leader).

Relevant scientific publications:

  1. Martens, J., E. Romankevich, I. Semiletov, B. Wild, B. van Dongen, J. Vonk, T. Tesi, N. Shakhova, O.V. Dudarev, D. Kosmach, A. Vetrov, L. Lobkovsky, N. Belyaev, R. Macdonald, A. Pieńkowski, T.I. Eglinton, S. Dahle, M.L. Carroll, E.K.L. Åström, J.M. Grebmeier, L.W. Cooper, G. Possnert, Ö. Gustafsson. 2020. CASSCADE – The Circum-Arctic Shelf Sediment CArbon DatabasE. (submitted to Earth System Science Data, November 2020).
  2. Trofimova, T., S. Alexandroff, M. Mette, E. Tray, P. Butler, S. Campana, E. Harper, A. Johnson, J. Morrongiello, M. Peharda, B.R. Schöne, C. Andersson, F. Andrus, B. Black, M. Burchell, M.L. Carroll, K. DeLong, B. Gillanders, P. Grønkjær, D. Killam, A. Prendergast, D. Reynolds, J. Scourse, K. Shirai, J. Thébault, C. Trueman, N. de Winter. 2020. Fundamental Questions and Applications of Sclerochronology: Community-Defined Research Priorities. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 245: 106977. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2020.106977
  3. Carroll, M.L., M.J. Mette, W.G. Ambrose. 2020. Greenland Cockles (Serripes groenlandicus Mohr 1786) from Bjørnøya (Bear Island), Svalbard record environmental change: Local and regional drivers of growth. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 243: 106892. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2020.106892
  4. Åström, E.K.L., A. Sen, M.L. Carroll, J. Carroll. 2020. Cold seeps in a warming Arctic: Insights for benthic ecology. Frontiers in Marine Science 7: 244. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00244
  5. Andrade, H., P. van der Sleen, B. Black, J. Aanestad Godiksen, W. Locke, M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose, A. Geffen. 2020. Ontogenetic movements of cod in arctic fjords and the Barents Sea as revealed by otolith microchemistry. Polar Biology: 43: 409-421. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-020-02642-1
  6. Åström, E.K.L., M.L. Carroll, A. Sen, H. Niemann, W.G. Ambrose, M.F. Lehmann, J. Carroll. 2019. Chemosynthesis influences food web and community structure in high-Arctic benthos. Marine Ecology Progress Series 629:19-42. DOI: 10.3354/meps13101
  7. Black, B.A., C. Andersson, P.G. Butler, M.L. Carroll, K.L. DeLong, D.J. Reynolds, B.R. Schöne, J. Scourse, P. van der Sleen, A.D. Wanamaker, R. Witbaard. 2019. A revolution in marine paleoecology and paleoclimatology. Biology Letters 15: 20180665. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2018.0665
  8. Ballesta-Artero, I., S. Augustine, R. Witbaard; M.L. Carroll; M. Mette, A.D. Wanamaker, J. van der Meer. 2019. Energetics of the extremely long-living bivalve Arctica islandica based on a Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) model. Journal of Sea Research 143: 173-182. DOI: 10.1016/j.seares.2018.09.016
  9. Sen, A, Åström, E.K.L., Hong, W-L, Portnov, A, Waage, M, Serov, P, Carroll M.L., and Carroll J. 2018. Geophysical and geochemical controls on the megafaunal community of a high Arctic cold seep. Biogeosciences 15:4533-4599.  DOI:  10.5194/bg-15-4533-2018
  10. Åström, E.K.L., M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose, A. Sen, A. Silyakova. J. Carroll. 2018. Methane Cold Seeps as a Biological Oasis in the High-Arctic Deep-sea. Limnology and Oceanography 63: S209-S231. DOI: 10.1002/lno.10732
  11. Serov, P., S. Vadakkepuliyambatta, J. Mienert, H. Patton, A. Portnov, A. Silyakova, G. Panieri, M.L. Carroll, J. Carroll. 2017. Post-glacial collapse of an Arctic gas hydrate field in a warming world. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. doi/10.1073/pnas.1619288114
  12. Åström, E.K.L., P.G. Oliver, M.L. Carroll. 2017. A new Genus and two new Species of Thyasiridae Associated with Methane Seeps off Svalbard, Arctic Ocean. Marine Biology Research 4(13):402-416. DOI: 10.1080/17451000.2016.1272699
  13. Ballesta-Artero, I.; R. Witbaard; M.L. Carroll; van der Meer, J. 2017. Environmental factors regulating gaping activity of the bivalve Arctica islandica in Northern Norway. Marine Biology, 164: 116. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-017-3144-7
  14. Vihtakari, M, W.G. Ambrose Jr., P.E. Renaud, W.L. Locke, M.L. Carroll, J. Berge, L.J. Clarke, F. Cottier, H. Hop. 2016. A key to the past? Element ratios as environmental proxies in two Arctic bivalves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 465:316-332. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.10.020
  15. Steinhardt, J., P. Butler, M.L. Carroll, J. Hartley. 2016. The application of long-lived bivalve sclerochronology in environmental baseline monitoring. Frontiers in Maine Science, 3:176. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00176.
  16. Åström, E.K.L., M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose, J. Carroll. 2016. Arctic cold seeps in marine methane hydrate environments: Impacts on shelf macro-benthic community structure offshore Svalbard. Marine Ecology Progress Series 552:1-18.
  17. Vihtakari, M, P.E. Renaud, L.J. Clarke, M.J. Whitehouse, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose Jr. 2015. Decoding the Oxygen Isotope Signal for Seasonal Growth Patterns in Arctic Bivalves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (submitted July 2015).
  18. Ambrose Jr. W.G., G. Panieri, A. Schneider, A. Plaza-Faverola, M.L. Carroll, E. Åström, W.L. Locke IV, J. Carroll. 2015. Bivalve Shell Horizons in Seafloor Pockmarks of the Last Glacial-interglacial Transition Suggest a Thousand Years of Methane Emissions in the Arctic Ocean. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (revised October 2015)
  19. Mette, M.J., A.D. Wanamaker Jr., M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose Jr., M.J. Retelle. 2015. Linking large-scale climate variability with Arctica islandica shell growth and geochemistry in northern Norway. Limnology and Oceanography (accepted, October 2015)
  20. Ambrose, W.G., L. Clough, J. Johnson, M. Greenacre, D. Griffith, M. Carroll, A. Whiting 2014. Interpreting environmental change in coastal Alaska using traditional and scientific ecological knowledge. Front. Mar. Sci. 1:40. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2014.00040
  21. Potts, T., B. Valcic, J. Carroll, M.L. Carroll. 2014. The Practicalities of the Ecosystem Approach in the Barents Sea: The ECOBAR project. Chapter 26 In: The Limits of Marine Jurisdiction.  C. Schofield, S. Lee and M.-S. Kwan (eds). Brill Academic Publishing, Leiden. ISBN: 9789004262584
  22. Carroll, M.L., W.G. Ambrose, W.L. Locke, S.K. Ryan, B.J. Johnson. 2014. Bivalve growth rate and isotopic variability across the Barents Sea Polar Front. Journal of Marine Systems 130:167-180.
  23. Søreide, J.E., M.L. Carroll, H. Hop, W.G. Ambrose, E.N. Hegseth, S. Falk-Petersen. 2013. Trophic structures and carbon flows in Arctic and Atlantic waters around Svalbard revealed by stable isotopic and fatty acid tracers.  Marine Biology Research 9:831-850.
  24. Henkes, G.A. B.H. Passey, A.D. Wanamaker Jr., E.L. Grossman, W.G. Ambrose Jr., M.L. Carroll 2013. Carbonate clumped isotope compositions of modern marine mollusk and brachiopod shells. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 106:307-325.
  25. Carroll, M.L., W.G. Ambrose 2012. Benthic Infaunal Community Variability on the Northern Svalbard Shelf. Polar Biology 35:1259-1272. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-012-1171
  26. Ambrose, W.G., P.E. Renaud, W.E. Locke, F. Cottier, J. Berge, M.L. Carroll, B.S. Levin, S. Ryan, 2012. Growth line deposition and variability in growth of two circumpolar bivalves (Serripes groenlandicus and Clinocardium ciliatum). Polar Biology 35:345-354. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-011-1080-4
  27. Carroll, M.L., W.G. Ambrose, B.S. Levin, W.E. Locke, G.A. Henkes, H. Hop, P.E. Renaud. 2011. Pan-Svalbard growth rate variability and environmental regulation in the Arctic bivalve Serripes groenlandicus. Journal of Marine Systems 88: 239-251. doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2011.04.010
  28. Piepenburg, D., Archambault, P., Ambrose, W.G., Blanchard, A., Bluhm, B., Carroll, M.L., Conlan, K., Cusson, M., Feder, H., Grebmeier, J.M., Jewett, S., Lévesque, M., Petryashev, V.V., Sejr, M.K., Sirenko, B.I., Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, M. 2011. The biodiversity of the benthic macro- and megafauna of Arctic shelf seas – a pan-Arctic synopsis of magnitude and patterns. Marine Biodiversity 41:51-70. doi: 10.1007/s12526-010-0059-7
  29. Carroll, M.L., W.G. Ambrose Jr., B.S. Levin, A.R. Ratner, S.K. Ryan, G.A. Henkes. 2011. Climatic Regulation of Clinocardium ciliatum (bivalvia) growth in the northwestern Barents Sea. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 302:10-20. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.06.001
  30. Sun, M.-Y., L.M. Clough, M.L. Carroll, J. Dai, W.G. Ambrose, G.R. Lopez. 2009. Different responses of two common Arctic macrobenthic species (Macoma balthica and Monoporeia affinis) to phytoplankton and ice algae: Will climate change impacts be species specific? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 376:110-121. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2009.06.018
  31. Carroll, M.L., B. Johnson, G.A. Henkes, K.W. McMahon, A. Voronkov, W.G. Ambrose Jr., S.G. Denisenko. 2009. Bivalves as indicators of environmental variation and potential anthropogenic impacts in the southern Barents Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin 59:193-206. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.02.022.
  32. Carroll, M.L., S.G. Denisenko, P.E. Renaud, W.G. Ambrose Jr. 2008. Benthic Infauna of the Seasonally Ice-Covered Western Barents Sea: Patterns and relationships to environmental forcing. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2340-2351. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.022
  33. Carroll, J., A. Zaborska, C. Papucci, A. Schirone, M.L. Carroll, J. Pempkowiak. 2008. Accumulation of organic carbon in western Barents Sea sediments. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2361-2371. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.005
  34. Renaud, P.E, N. Morata, M.L. Carroll, S.G. Denisenko, M. Reigstad. 2008. Pelagic-benthic coupling in the western Barents Sea: Processes and time scales. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2372-2380. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.017
  35. Søreide, J.E., E.N. Hegseth, S. Falk-Petersen, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll, K.A. Hobson, K. Blachowiak-Samolyk, and K. Dmoch. 2008. Seasonal feeding strategies of Calanus in the high-Arctic Svalbard region. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2225-2244. doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.024
  36. Tamelander, T., M. Reigstad, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll, P. Wassmann. 2008.  Pelagic and sympagic contribution of organic matter to zooplankton and vertical export in the Barents Sea marginal ice zone. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2330-2339. doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.019
  37. Zaborska, A., J. Carroll, C. Papucci, L. Torriceli, M.L. Carroll, J. Walkusz-Miotk, J. Pempkowiak. 2008. Recent sediment accumulation rates for the western margin of the Barents Sea. Deep Sea Research II 55: 2352-2360. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.026.
  38. Carroll, M.L., S.G. Denisenko, A. Voronkov, W.G. Ambrose Jr., G. Henkes, S. Bosheim, B. Fredheim, T.R. Gulbrandsen. 2008. Arctic bivalves as indicators of environmental variation. Proceedings of the SPE 9th International Conference on Health Safety and Environment. 15-17 April 2008, Nice, France. SPE111-558.
  39. Renaud, P.E., M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose Jr. 2008. Effects of global warming on Arctic sea-floor communities and its consequences for higher trophic levels. In: Duarte C. (ed.) Effects of global warming on polar ecosystems. Proceedings of 2nd Debate of the BBVA Foundation. Fundacion BBVA, Madrid, pp. 139-178. (in English and Spanish). ISBN: 978-84-96515-74-1
  40. Coyle, K.O., B. Konar, A. Blanchard, R.C. Highsmith, J. Carroll, M.L. Carroll, S.G. Denisenko, B.I. Sirenko. 2007.  Potential effects of temperature on the benthic infaunal community on the southeastern Bering Sea shelf: Possible impacts of climate change. Deep Sea Research II 54:2885-2905. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.08.025
  41. Sun, M.-Y., M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose, L.M. Clough, L. Zou, G.R. Lopez. 2007. Rapid consumption of phytoplankton and ice algae by Arctic soft-sediment benthic communities: evidence using natural and 13C-labeled food materials. Journal of Marine Research 65:561-588.
  42. Olsen, G.H., M.L. Carroll, P.E. Renaud, W.G. Ambrose, R. Olssøn, J. Carroll. 2007.  Benthic community response to petroleum-associated components in arctic versus temperate marine sediments. Marine Biology 151:2167-2176. DOI 10.1007/s00227-007-0650-z
  43. Denisenko, S.G., S. Cochrane, M.L. Carroll, C. Emblow, S. Dahle. 2006. Zoobenthos distribution and vertical flux of organic carbon in the Barents Sea:  Preliminary results of 2003 expedition on RV “Ivan Petrov”.  Proceedings of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences 310:35-44.
  44. Wassmann, P., M. Reigstad, T. Haug, B. Rudels, M.L. Carroll, H. Hop, G.W. Gabrielsen, S. Falk-Petersen, S.G. Denisenko, E. Arashkevich, D. Slagstad, O. Pavlova.  2006. Food web and carbon flux in the Barents Sea. Progress in Oceanography 71:232-287.
  45. Beuchel, F., B. Gulliksen, M.L. Carroll. 2006. Long-term patterns of rocky-bottom macrobenthic community structure in an Arctic fjord (Kongsfjorden, Svalbard) in relation to climate variability (1980-2003). Journal of Marine Systems 63:35-48.
  46. Søreide, J.E., H. Hop, S. Falk-Petersen, E.N. Hegseth, M.L. Carroll. 2006. Seasonal food web dynamics and sympagic-pelagic coupling in the European Arctic Marginal Ice Zone revealed by stable isotopes and a two-source mixing model. Progress in Oceanography 71:59-87.
  47. Ambrose, W.G., M.L. Carroll, M. Greenacre, S. Thorrold, K. McMahon. 2006. Variation in Serripes groenlandicus (Bivalvia) growth in a Norwegian high-Arctic fjord: Evidence for local- and large-scale climatic forcing. Global Change Biology 12:1595-1607.
  48. Tamelander, T., J.E. Søreide, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll. 2006. Fractionation of stable isotopes in the Arctic marine copepod Calanus glacialis: effects on the isotopic composition of marine biogenic matter. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 333:231-240.
  49. Tamelander, T., P.E. Renaud, H. Hop, M.L. Carroll, W.G. Ambrose, K.E. Hobson. 2006. Trophic relationships and pelagic-benthic coupling during summer in the Barents Sea Marginal Ice Zone revealed by stable carbon and nitrogen isotope measurements. Marine Ecology Progress Series 310:33-46.
  50. McMahon, K.W., W.G. Ambrose, B.J. Johnson, M.Y. Sun, G.R. Lopez, L.M. Clough, M.L. Carroll. 2006. Benthic community response to ice algae and phytoplankton in Ny Ålesund, Svalbard. Marine Ecology Progress Series 310:1-14. (Feature Article)
  51. Carroll, M.L., S. Cochrane, R. Fieler, R. Velvin, and P. White. 2003. Organic Enrichment of Sediments from Salmon Farming in Norway: Environmental Factors, Management Practices, and Monitoring Techniques.  Aquaculture 226(1-4):156-180.
  52. Carroll, M.L. and J. Carroll. 2003. The Arctic Seas.  In: Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems.  K. Black and G. Shimmield (eds).  Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford UK. pp 127-156
  53. Carroll, J., F. Boisson, J.-L Teyssie, S.E. King, M. Krosshavn, M.L. Carroll, S.W. Fowler, P.P. Povinec and M.S. Baxter. 1999. Distribution coefficients (Kds) for use in risk assessment models of the Kara Sea.  Applied Radiation and Isotopes 51:121-129.
  54. Miquel, J.C., Carroll, M., and Jeandel, C. 1998. Seasonal trend in particulate carbon flux at the time-series site Kerfix in the Southern Ocean. Annales Geophysicae Part II Hydrology, Oceans & Atmosphere 16 (Suppl.): 549.
  55. Carroll, M.L., J.-C. Miquel and S.W. Fowler. 1998. Seasonal patterns and depth-specific trends of zooplankton fecal pellet fluxes in the northwest Mediterranean Sea. Deep-Sea Research (Part 1) 45:1303-1318.
  56. Carroll, M.L. 1996. Barnacle population dynamics and recruitment regulation in southcentral Alaska.  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 199:285-302.
  57. Carroll, M.L. and R.C. Highsmith. 1996. Role of catastrophic disturbance in mediating NucellaMytilus interactions in the Alaskan rocky intertidal.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 138:125-133.
  58. Carroll, M.L. and D. Wethey. 1990. Predator foraging behavior: Effect of a novel prey species on prey selection by a marine intertidal gastropod.  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 139:101-117.

Popular science and reports:

  1. Carroll, M.L. 2011. Old Clams Provide New Insight About Arctic Change. ICE Center Lance Cruise Blog – 2011. http://ice.npolar.no/no/nyheter/arkiv/2011/2011-05-16-blogfromlance.html
  2. Carroll, M.L. 2009. Of Clams and Climate: What Bivalves Can Tell Us about Arctic Environmental Histories. Polar Research in Tromsø 2008:5-6.
  3. Carroll, M.L. 2007.  Environmental Baseline and Natural Variations in the Central and Eastern Barents Sea – Project 2: Bivalves as indicators of environmental variation from intra-annual to centennial timescales. Akvaplan-niva Report 3659.01, 21 pp.
  4. Carroll, M.L., G. Pedersen, L. Camus. 2006.  Use of research results to update environmental management tools used in petroleum operations in the European Arctic. Akvaplan-niva Report 433.3473, 44 pp.
  5. B. Røsjø. 2006. Alger i isen. Bladet Forskning 2/06:18-19. (Translated title: Ice Algae)
  6. Carroll, M.L., G. Pedersen. 2005.  Mapping of Resources in the Littora Zone at Ingøy, October 2004. Akvaplan-niva Report 444,3169, 21pp
  7. Carroll, M. 2005.  Årranger i skjell gir nyttig informasjon i klimaforskningen. Norwegian Institute of Water Research (NIVA) 2004 Annual Report. pp. 31-33. (Translated title: Annual rings in bivalves provides useful information in climate research)
  8. Clough, L., W. Ambrose, M. Carroll, G. Lopez, M.-Y. Sun. 2005. Digestibility of Ice Algae and Phytoplankton: Does food type impact the Arctic benthos? Witness the Arctic, Winter 2004/05 Issue 11(2): 11.
  9. Nyberg, K., 2004.  “Dining on the Scum of the Earth”. VECO Polar Resources Weekly Newsletter.  August, 1, 2004.
  10. Park, I., N. Bell and M. Carroll. 2002.  Assessment of the Actual Present Environmental Impact of Representative OBM and WBM Cuttings Piles.  A Report for the UKOOA Drill Cuttings Joint Industry Project: R & D Programme 2B.  BMT Cordah Ltd., Report UKO016/2001. Aberdeen, Scotland.  63 pp.
  11. Carroll, M.L., T. Pearson, E. Dragsund, and K.L. Gabrielsen. 2000. Environmental Status of the Norwegian Offshore Sector Based on the Petroleum Regional Monitoring Programme, 1996-1998. The Norwegian Oil Industry Association Report APN 411.1777.04, 39 pp. ISBN: 82-449-0053-9.
  12. Carroll, M.L., O. Sochnev, T. Savinova, and J Kögeler. 1999. Coastal Sensitivity Mapping in the Pechora Sea:  Phase I – Technical Background and Methodological Approach. Akvaplan-niva Report 444.1661, 58 pp.
  13. Carroll, M.L., A. Evenset, J. Kögeler, J.N. Langfelt and T. Johansson. 1999. Restoration of chemically polluted beaches – Theoretical background for recommended practical measures and organization. Akvaplan-niva Report 444.1350, 90 pp. (In Norwegian)
  14. Carroll, J., Cochrane, S., Carroll, M., Dahle, S., Iosjpe, M., Strand, P. 1999. Does benthic community structure influence radionuclide incorporation into the food web? in Marine Pollution, Proceedings of a symposium held in Monaco, 5-9 October 1998. IAEA-TECDOC-1094. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna. p. 313-315.
  15. Miquel, J-C., Fowler., Hamilton T., Heilmann, J., La Rosa, J., Carroll, M. 1999. Carbon Fluxes and export in the northern and middle Adriatic Sea measured with drifting sediment traps. In: The Adriatic Sea, Ecosystem Research Report 32, EUR 18834, European Commission, Brussels, Belgium pp. 509-524.
  16. Mannvik, H.-P., T. Pearson, M. Carroll, A. Pettersen, K.L. Gabrielsen and R Palerud. 1998. Environmental Monitoring Survey, Region II:  Main Report.  Akvaplan-niva Report 411.1224-1, 250 pp+appendix.
  17. Carroll, M.L., L.-H. Larsen, H. Goodwin, R. Palerud, K. Kovacs, G. Pedersen, P. Friis and P. Andersen. 1998. An Appraisal of the Marine Environment of Southwest Greenland (62-67N) – Main Report.  Akvaplan-niva Report 411-1288.1, 69 pp. ISBN: 82-449-0043-1 (In English, Danish, and Greenlandic).
  18. Carroll, M.L., A. Evenset, K. Johnsen and R. Palerud. 1998. Mapping of vulnerable coastal areas and aquaculture sites in Western Finnmark. Akvaplan-niva Report 433.1400, 57 pp. (In Norwegian).
  19. Carroll, M.L., J. Kögeler and S.S.A. Knuttson. 1998. Shorelines and associated natural resources in the Chukai-Dungun region (Terengganu, Malaysia), 1998:  Environmental sensitivity to oil spills and recommendations for cleanup.  Akvaplan-niva Report 444.1281, 116 pp + 5 maps.
  20. Carroll, M.L., J.O. Bustnes and S. Simmons. 1997. Qualitative resource appraisal of flora and faunal of Melkøya. Akvaplan-niva Report 421.1246, 33pp. (In Norwegian).
  21. Miquel, J-C., Carroll, M., La Rosa, J., Guidi-Guilvard, L. 1997. Evolution journalière des flux particulaires et de carbone à une station fixe pendant Dynaproc: contribution du phyto- et zooplancton Fascicule DYNAPROC / JGOFS-France 36-42.